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changes in the ms system with age
bone loss, muscle atrophy, brittle, fracture easily, kyphosis, decrease in flexibility, weaken, bone density decreases
identifies antibodies present in conditions such as lupus, sceleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis
use of contrast media injected into the subarachnoid space to visualize spinal cord, head down for prep and up for post op
radiographic exam of a joint using contrast media, pt may experience a popping or clicking noise in joints for a few days
synovial fluid analysis
aspirate synovial fluid for infection, protein and glucose, joint is elevated for 12 hrs after apply ice 24-48 hrs
a piece of bone or muscle is removed to diagnose malignancy, very painful, observe for swelling and bleeding after and apply ice
soft tissue injury resulting from a blow or blunt trauma and does not usually affect ms structures but leaves a bruised area
a tramatic sprain in which bones are chipped at the point of ligament attachment causing ligaments to become detached
claw like deformity of the hand caused by the obstruction of arterial blood flow to the forearm and hand
impacted or telescope
fracture where one part is impacted into the other, you would see a shorter body part
window cut out of a cast for an incision, needs to be replaced after care of the incision to prevent swelling
application of a pulling force to reduce and realign a fracture, can be used for pain relief, maintain immobilization, and relieve muscle spasms
apply a device to the skin that indirectly affects the bones and muscles, bucks and russel
devices are applied directly to the bone using wires and pins, pin care is very important, sterile procedure always and tell pt not to touch the pins
rules for traction
ensure continuous traction, maintain counter traction positioning is very important, ropes must move freely, prescribed amount of weights on, weights hang freely
sterile, asses for drainage, examine condition of pins, clean from in to out, no ointment around the pins
most serious form of arthritis, leads to crippling affects females more than males, symptoms can appear as early as 20, autoimmune disease, affects the heart and blood vessels also, ESR increases
metabolic disorder that causes an accumulation of uric acid in the blood and urine caused by ineffective metabolism of purines
systemic lupus erythematosis, a butterfly rash that spans over the nose and cheeks, painful, no cure, immunosuppresants to treat or steroids
alkylosis spondylitis, chronic progressive disorder affecting the sacroiliac joint, hip joint, and synovial joints, affects men more than women, no cure
ms problems caused by a deer tick, first sign is a bulls eye rash, 4 wks after bite you will see arthritic symptoms, antibiotics to cure
shortening of skeletal muscle tissue that is not subjected to normal stretching and contraction
a sound like that of hair rubbed between the fingers occurs when bone fragments rub together
a partial or incomplete dislocation of a bone from its place in a joint usually the spine
autoimmune, calcinosis, raynauds, esophageal dysfunction, sclerodactyly, telangiectasis, hardening of the skin
a chronic pain syndrome, no known cause, often mistaken for pain med seekers, rule out everything else
a metabolic bone disease causes a bowing of the long bones and abnormal spinal curvature, bone loss
assess dressing, keep a tourniquet at bed side in case of hemorrhage, prepare stump for prosthesis, elevate for 24-48 hrs to prevent edema
nonopioid analgesics, NSAIDS
clebrex, ibuprofin, naprosyn, blocks an enzyme called cox-2, used for inflammation and mild pain
fosamax, boneva, actonel, promotes calcium reabsorption, decreases calcium destruction, used to reverse osteoporosis
plaquenil, suppresses the immune system, immunosuppressant, not given to patients with renal or liver disease
genetic disorder results in a loss of muscle tissue, weakness, and atrophy, no cure
a non systemic condition it only affects the joints, causes bones to degenerate, pain is relieved by rest, NSAIDS
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