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99 terms

Middendorf faith final

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Church
the body of Christ, the community of God's people who profess faith in the risen Lord Jesus and love and serve others under the guidance of the Holy Spirit
marks of the church
four essential characteristics of Christ's church that mark it as his true church; one, holy, catholic and apostolic
St. Ignacius of Antioch
first applied the term "catholic" to the Church
Liturgy
the official public worship of the church
evangelical counsels
vows of personal poverty, chastity understood as lifelong celibacy, and obedience
Great Schism
major break between the churches of the west (rome) and east (constantinople)
Pope
successor of St. Peter
Schism
break in Church unity resulting from the failure to accept the pope as the Vicar of Christ
Ecumenism
he movement inspired and led by the Holy Spirit that seeks the union of all Christian religions and people throughout the world
symbol
something concrete that points to another reality
missionary
one who is sent to accomplish a certain task
evangelization
to bring the good news of Jesus Christ to others
tradition
handing on
laos
people
key
the symbol of authority to forgive sins in the name of Jesus
Protestant
a baptized Christian who believes in Christ but does not accept all of the teachings of the Catholic Church\
infallibility
a gift of the Spirit whereby the pope and bishops are preserved from error when proclaiming a doctrine related to Christian faith or morals
Beatific Vision
seeing God "face to face" in heaven, the source of our eternal happiness; final union with the Triune God for all eternity
Assumption
he church dogma that teaches that the blessed mother, because of her unique role in her Son's Ressurection, was taken directly to heaven when her earthly life was over
omission
type of sin; failing to do good or right
purgatory
the state of purification that takes place after death for those who need to be made clean and holy before meeting the all holy God in heaven
Heaven
a perfect life of supreme happiness with God and the communion of saints for all eternity
Hell
eternal seperation from God that results from a person dying after freely and deliberately choosing to act against God's will
Venial sin
actual sin that weakens and wounds our relationship with God, but does not destroy divine life in our souls
sin
an offense against God through a violation of truth, reason, and conscience
Patron
a specific intercessor with God on behalf of people on a certain locale or having a special role, vocation, or career
Sanctus
latin word for "holy"
Contrition
true sorrow for one's sins
Immaculate Conception
the church dogma that holds the blessed mother, by a special grace from God and by virtue of her Son's merits, was preseve immune from all stain of original sin from the very first moment of her human existence
Commission
type of sin; doing wrong
eschatology
a study of teaching about the "last things"
disobedience
turning from God's love
Rosary
the most popular devotion to Mary
Mary
the first disciple
consecrates
During the Eucharistic liturgy, the priest ____ bread and wine by invoking the blessing of the Holy Spirirt.
Gospel
The most important reading during the mass.
Alleluia
Our resounding "Yes" to God's word during the mass
Essential Rite
That portion of the liturgical celebration of a sacrament that is strictly necessary in order for the sacrament to be valid.
Assembly
Eucharistic _____ emphasizes how we celebrate the Eucharist in the midst of the assembled church.
Confirmation
Completes the sacramental grace of Baptism.
Spring
Lent comes from the Anglo-Saxon word "____"
Sanctifying Grace
The grace, a gift of God's friendship, that heals fallen human nature and gives us a share in the divine life of the blessed trinity.
Patriarch
A ____ governs the Eastern Church
Original
Baptism forgives both __ and personal sin
Sacramentals
Sacred signs that resemble the sacraments
Prayers
Sacramentals include objects, actions, and ____ that help us become aware of Christ's presence.
Concupiscence
A traditional term meaning "the inclination to sin."
passover
Jesus chose a ____ meal to launch the events of our salvation
Eastern Rite
Churches: Catholic Churches following one of the six rites derived from the ancient traditions of Christian churches that were in Constantinople.
Anointed
Christ means "___ one."
candle
The baptismal ___, lit from the Easter candle, reminds us how Christ is the light of the world.
Chrism
A perfumed oil, blessed by the bishop, used in the sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders.
Holy Spirit
Confirmation marks Christians with the ___ ___, giving the power to witness to the Lord.
White
___ robes represent rising with Christ.
Christmas
The Season of the Church that ends with the feast of the Lord's baptism
Sacrifice
Means "to make holy"
triduum
The three-day long liturgy that is Church's most solemn celebration of the Paschal mystery.
Lent
A season of intensified prayer, fasting, and almsgiving in preparation of Christ's resurrection and our redemption at Easter.
Advent
Liturgical season that prepares us for Christ's coming
Sponsor
Those to be confirmed chose a Confirmation ____ to accompany them in preparation and at the rite
Transubstantiation
The term used to describe what happens at the consecration of the bread and wine at mass when their entire substance of the body and blood of Christ, even though the appearances of bread and wine remain
Catechumen
An unbaptized person who is preparing to receive all of the sacraments of Christian initiation
Icons
Religious images or paintings that are traditional among many Eastern Christians.
Neophytes
hose newly received into the Church through the sacraments of initiation at the Easter Vigil.
Sharing
Breaking of the bread is a symbol for sacrifice and ___.
Life
The Eucharist communicates God's very ___ to us by giving us the Risen Lord himself
Sacraments
The principal liturgical actions in the Church.
Aroma
The newly confirmed person is charged with bringing forth in word and deed "the ____ of Christ."
Action
Liturgy is the "___" of the whole church
Pentecost
Celebrated 50 days after easter
Water
Represents cleansing
Oil
Represents healing and protection
Perfect Contrition
Sorrow that comes from love of God
Procreative and unitive
Sexual intercourse in marriage must be this because it is a powerful sign that binds a man and woman together as lifelong partners.
the exchange of consent
The indispensable element that makes for a valid marriage
reconciliation
the sacrament of Penance where God lovingly forgives us from our sins
Matrimony
A sacrament at the Service of Communion in which Christ binds a man and women into a permanent covenant of love and life bestows his graces on them
Deacons
Help bishops and priests at liturgies distribute Holy Communion at Mass and to the sick, proclaim and preach the gospel, witness and bless marriages, preside at funerals, and perform many other actions of service for God's people.
Church parish
a family for everyone and in a special way for those who live alone
confession
: highlights a key element of the sacrament of Penance-telling our sins to the priest
Bride and Bridegroom
the ministers of the sacrament of Matrimony
Annulment
an official church declaration that what appeared to be a Christian marriage never existed in the first place
Schism
break in unity with the successor of Peter, the pope
Imperfect contrition
Sorrow that comes from motives other than the love of God, like fear of punishment
Episcopacy
As a successor to the Apostles and representing Jesus, a bishop is responsible for teaching, shepherding, and sanctifying his people. Each bishop is responsible for being the head of a local Church(diocese) as he serves with other bishops around the world.
Prebyterate
Priests work alongside bishops as their helpers, when they are celebrating the Eucharist, the Holy Spirit enables them to act in the person of Christ.
Diaconate
Deacons receive the sacramental character "serve, not be served". Married men can become permanent deacons so they may serve the church and administer sacraments but never become a presbyterate.
Holy Orders
the sacrament of apostolic ministry at the service of communion whereby Christ, through the Church, ordains men through the laying of the hands.
Penance
a sacrament, also known as confession, through which Christ extends his forgiveness to sinners.
Viaticum
Holy Communion received by a dying person to help them pass over to God in the afterlife
Satisfaction (retribution, restitution)
The official name of the Sacrament of Penance stresses that when we turn from sin, we must do penance and make for the sins we have committed
Anointing of the Sick
a sacrament of healing, administered by a priest to a baptized person, in which the Lord extends his loving, healing touch through the Church to those who are seriously ill or dying
Sacraments of healing
penance and anointing of the sick continue Jesus' work of healing
Contrition
the most important act for penitents
Dispensation
When a Catholic is going to marry someone who is not baptized, Church authority must give this for the marriage to be valid
Vocation
Marriage is a______ written into our very nature, because a God of infinite love made us
Bishop
a successor to the apostles who governs the local Church in a given diocese and governs the worldwide Church in union with the pope and the college of bishops
Celibacy
the state of being unmarried that priests and other religious choose in order to dedicate their lives totally to Jesus Christ and God's people.
Soul
the covenant of marriage involves a couple's total commitment that results in a deep unity of body, heart, and ___