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36 terms

Precolonial/Colonial South Africa

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Treaty of Vereeniging
1910-peace treaty @ the end of the Anglo-Boer war, let British employ cheap labor in the mines, Edward VII = new authority
Boers
Dutch farmers that moved inland in S. Africa to farm
Bantu
members of a group of native people of S. Africa and the language spoken by them
trekboer
farmers that left the cape colony and moved inland
SAIC
South African Indian Congress, formed by Gandhi to organize Indians and to get their basic rights
ANC
African National Congress formed in 1912 by conservative African men to oppose discrimination. not very successful until after 1930s
Great Trek
migration in 1835-1837 of many boers northward to move away from the British rule in capetown
ICU
Industrial and Commercial Workers Union-organized strikes, very successful in 1920s
Gandhi
came to South Africa in 1983-wanted to rid the country of prejudice based on skin color, formed the SAIC
Khoisan
hunter-gatherers/farmers who relied on grazing land, sheep, goats, and cattle
Xhosa
a tribal group made up of Bantu people (2nd largest ethnic group)
Voortrekker
Dutch-speaking people who migrated by wagon from the Cape Colony from 1836 on. Wanted to further escape the British rule
Battle of Blood River
December 16, 1838-battle between Zulus and Afrikaners (Afrikaners later claimed that this battle proved that God was in support of their superiority over blacks)
Orange Free State
"independent republic" a province of the Union of South African in 1910
Colonialism
the practice of having political power over another country, filling it with settlers, and economically benefitting from it
Apartheid
"separate" a system of discrimination in S. Africa that kept blacks, whites, Asians, and coloureds separate (1948-1990)
Zulu
tribal group made up of Bantu people (largest ethnic group)
Jan van Riebeeck
Dutch man who established the 1st permanent European settlement @ the Cape of Good Hope on behalf of the DEIC
DEIC
a Dutch trading company founded in 1652-established the 1st permanent settlement @ Cape of Good Hope
Afrikaner
means "African" in Afrikaans-Africans descended from the Dutch settlers of the 1600s
Afrikaans
Dutch-based language developed in S. Africa
African
a person (especially a black person) from Africa
coloured
mixed-race population descended from interbred slaves, whites, and khoisan
Steenkamp
a member of the famous Retief family of which Peter Retief was one of the foremost voortrekkers
1913 Natives Land Act
1st major legislation creating separate areas for Europeans and Africans to live
Unification
1910- British colonies and Afrikaner republics joined as Union of S. African (prevents black wealth and allows whites to flourish)
Concentration Camps
Afrikaner women and children were taken from their homes to less than ideal camps (28,000 died)
Scorched Earth Campaign
(Lord Kitchener) March 1910-British troops burned down ~30,000 Boer houses and farms
Pass System
booklets that blacks were required to carry
Contract System
African mine workers had contracts that bound them to work for long periods of time
Compound System
cramped barracks where thousands died each year, lacked food and ample supplies
Deep Mining
type of mining needed to get gold (requires lots of $ and workers) very hard and dangerous
Mineral Revolution
1867-Afrikaners discovered diamonds (urbanized S. Africa) British saw chance to make $
Transvaal
former province in Northeast S. Africa-independent republic formed after Great Trek-resistance to annexation by Britain in 1877 led to Anglo-Boer war
Natal
province in E. South Africa where Gandhi came
Cape Colony
area of S. Africa that became a British Colony in 1814, 1910-joined Union of S. Africa