394 terms

AP Latin: Caesar Vocabulary

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adficio
to do, treat, affect
altus
tall, high, deep
angustus
compressed, narrow
animus
soul, spirit
apud
at the house of, near, with, among
arbitror
to think
civitas
citizenship, state, tribe
coniuratio
conspiracy
contendo
to stretch, strain, strive, struggle
contineo
to hold together, contain, enclose, border
copia
supply, abundance, resources, forces
cotidianus
daily
cultus
care, culture, civilization
cupidus
desirous of, eager to
dolor
pain, distress, anger, resentment
extremus
outermost, farthest
fere
almost, approximately
finis
end, boundary, territory
finitimus
neighboring, neighbor
flumen
river
imperium
power, rule
incolo
to live in, inhabit
inferior
lower
infero
to bring, carry on, inflict on
initium
beginning
institutum
custom
latus
broad, wide, side
lex
law
longe
by far, far off, far away
longitudo
length
mille passus
mile, a thousand paces
multitudo
large number, large amount
orior
to rise, arise, begin
pateo
to lie open, be accessible, stretch out, extend
perfacilis
very easy
pertineo
to reach to, extend, pertain, refer, tend
potior
to get possession of, get control of
praesto
to stand out, surpass
proelium
battle
prohibeo
to keep someone away from something
propterea
for this reason, therefore
provincia
(the Roman) province
regnum
royal power, rule, kingdom, supreme power
reliquus
the rest, remaining, other
tertius
third
undique
from all sides, in all directions
virtus
courage
adduco
to lead forward, lead on, influence
amicitia
friendship
arma
arms, weapons
auctoritas
prestige
carrus
wagon, cart
cliens
client, dependent
cogo
to gather, collect, force, compel
conduco
to lead together, gather
confirmo
to strengthen, establish
duco
to think about, consider
eodem
to the same place
fides
good faith, pledge
frumentum
grain
incendo
to burn, set fire to
incito
to incite, stir up
item
likewise
iudicium
judgment, trial, court
ius
rightness, justice, legal power, authority
magistratus
magistrate
mensis
month
mos
habit, custom
ob
towards, on account of
occupo
to seize
oportet
it is fitting, it is proper, ought
oppidum
town
oppugno
to attack
oratio
oration, speech
pax
peace
perficio
to complete
permoveo
to move thoroughly, influence, prevail upon, persuade
potens
powerful
principatus
leadership
probo
to approve, prove, demonstrate, show
profectio
departure
quadringenti
four hundred
quin
but that, that
quisque
each person, each one, every one
socius
ally
spero
to hope
spes
hope
tollo
to lift, raise, pick up, take away
una
together
uti
same as ut
utor
to use, make use of
vinculum
chain
adventus
arrival
certior fieri
to be made more certain, to be informed
concedo
to yield, submit, allow, grant
diem dicere
to fix a day, name a day
existimo
to evaluate, judge, consider, think
expeditus
unimpeded, without baggage, available, convenient
facultas
opportunity
iugum
yoke
legatus
legate, deputy, assistant, envoy, ambassador
nondum
not yet
nonnullus
some, several
omnino
all together, in all
pervenio
to arrive
pons
bridge
princeps
leading, chief, man, leader
spatium
space, distance, interval, period of time
ullus
any
vadus
shallow place, ford
vis
violence, force
vix
with difficulty, scarcely
voluntas
wish, will, good wishes, goodwill
altitudo
height, depth
altum
the deep, the sea
animadverto
to observe, notice, perceive
apertus
open, unprotected
aquila
eagle
aridum
dry land, land
coepi
to begin
cohortor
to encourage
coicio
to throw
consisto
to halt, stand, take a stand, take a position
consuesco
to become accustomed, to be accustomed, be in the habit
desilio
to leap down, jump down
equitatus
cavalry
fluctus
wave
funda
slingshot
genus
type, class
impeditus
obstructed, impeded, hindered, burdened
imperator
commander, general
imperitus
inexperienced, unskilled
inde
from there
magnitudo
large size, size
membrum
limb
motus
movement
notus
well-known, familiar
officium
duty, service
onerarius
designed for cargo
paulum
a little
plerumque
generally, mostly
prodo
to hand over, hand down, betray
propello
to drive forward, drive away
propter
because of, on account of
pugna
fight
studium
enthusiasm, zeal
subsequor
to follow closely, follow
telum
spear
universus
all together
usus
use
acriter
fiercely
adorior
to rise up against, attack
aliqui
some
ancora
anchor
circumsisto
to take a stand around, surround
compleo
to fill
comprehendo
to seize
continens
continent, mainland (of Europe)
coorior
to arise
cursus
course
defero
to carry down, report, deliver
deicio
to throw down, drive off course
demonstro
to point out, show, mention
desum
to be missing, be lacking
fuga
flight
impetus
attack
insisto
to push forward, advance
longinquus
far away, distant
obses
hostage
occurro
to meet
ordo
order, formation, rank
pauci
a few
perturbo
to disturb, confuse
polliceor
to promise
pristinus
former, original, previous
propius
nearer
quicumque
whichever, whatever
servo
to save, preserve
signum
sign, signal, standard
singularis
one at a time, individual, unusual, exceptional
superior
higher
supero
to overcome, defeat
supra
above, previously
tempestas
weather, storm
ultro
beyond, furthermore, voluntarily, without being asked
unde
from where
uterque
each (of two), both
vero
in truth, truly, indeed, however
accidit
it happens
adflicto
to shatter, damage severely
administro
to administer, manage
aes
bronze
amitto
to lose
casus
accident, misfortune, emergency
clam
secretly
commode
suitably, properly, appropriately, well
complures
several
confido
to trust confidently, be assured, believe
consto
to stand together, stand firm, agree, it is agreed
deligo
to bind, tie up
discedo
to go away, depart, leave
efficio
to bring about, cause
etsi
even if, although
eventus
occurrence, event, consequence, result
fore
same as futurus esse
hiemo
to spend the winter
hiems
winter
impedimenta
baggage
intellego
to understand
intermitto
to leave off, neglect, pause, cease
materia
matter, material, timber
paucitas
small number
paulatim
little by little, gradually
postea
later on, afterwards
provideo
to foresee, provide against, provide for
reficio
to make again, restore, repair
rursus
again
subduco
to draw up from below, raise, haul up
suspicor
to suspect
acies
line of battle
aegre
uncomfortably, with dislike, with difficulty
alienus
belonging to another, foreign, inappropriate, unfavorable
armo
to arm
celeritas
quickness, speed
circiter
about, approximately
cohors
cohort
colloco
to locate, place
committo
to bring together, join, enter into, engage in, begin
confertus
pressed together, close, densely packed
confestim
immediately, without delay
consuetudo
custom, habit
dimitto
to send away
essedum
chariot
excedo
to go out
exercitatio
training, practice
huc
to this place, here
incertus
uncertain, disorganized
ineo
to go into, enter, enter upon, begin, undertake
interim
meanwhile
interpono
to put between, insert, introduce
noctu
at night
nuntius
messenger, message
opportunus
convenient, suitable, advantageous, helpful
paulo
by a little, a little
peditatus
infantry, foot soldiers
perpetuus
perpetual, everlasting, forever
praeda
loot
praedico
to declare publicly, report, announce
premo
to press, press upon, press hard
procedo
to go forward, advance
quantus
how much, how great, what a great
se recipere
to take oneself back, retreat
succedo
to go under, enter, follow, take the place of
sustineo
to sustain, endure, withstand, hold out
ventito
to come often, keep coming, go back and forth
adsum
to be present, be here
aliter
in another way, differently
auctor
promoter, advocate, creator, instigator
biduum
space of two days, two days
communis
common
concilium
council
concito
to put in motion, incite, stir up
conscribo
to write down, sign up, enlist
consulo
to consider, reflect upon, take care of, be mindful for
controversia
quarrel, dispute, disagreement
deficio
to withdraw, desert, revolt
despero
to give up hope
frumentarius
having to do with grain, of grain
gratia
favor, regard, thanks
impello
to push against, strike, set in motion, urge on, persuade
maiores
ancestors
minuo
to make smaller, lessen, settle (a dispute)
moror
to remain, stay
munio
to build, fortify
nascor
to be born
nego
to deny, say no
opera
exertion, efforts, service
oppugnatio
attack
oro
to beg
palam
openly
pendo
to weigh, pay
praeficio
to put someone in command of something
praesertim
especially, particularly
praesum
to be in charge of, be in command of
quaestor
quaestor
ratio
reckoning, account, care, concern
repentinus
sudden
salus
safety
sentio
to perceive, notice, realize
servitus
slavery
trado
to hand over
tutus
safe
vallum
wall, rampart
vereor
to fear
agmen
column, line of march
audeo
to dare (to)
cedo
to go, move, give way, yield
centurio
centurion
circumvenio
to surround
communico
to communicate, share, take counsel with, consult
condicio
condition (of surrender)
disputatio
argument, debate
doceo
to teach, inform, show
dux
leader, commander
fames
hunger, starvation
impetro
to accomplish, bring to pass, get, obtain, procure
incommodum
inconvenience, trouble, misfortune
instituo
to put in place, establish, fabricate, construct, undertake, begin
intereo
to perish, die
intra
within
nec
same as non
negotium
business, trouble, difficulty
nocturnus
during the night, at night
obsidio
siege
occasio
opportunity
orbis
circle
par
equal
parco
to spare
postremo
at last, in the end, finally
praesentia
presence
praeterea
in addition
procul
far off, in the distance, from a distance
pronuntio
to proclaim, announce
quispiam
any
relinquo
to leave behind, abandon
sententia
feeling, opinion
sermo
speech, conversation
sic
thus, in this way, so
sponte
voluntarily, of one's own accord
subvenio
to come to the aid of
tot
so many
tragula
spear
traicio
to throw, pierce
tribunus
tribune
turpis
disgraceful, shameful
vigilia
wakefulness, sleeplessness, lack of sleep, watch
vulgus
crowd
vulnus
wound
adeo
to go towards, approach, come up to, get through
aditus
approach
adiutor
helper, assistant
admodum
to full measure, completely, absolutely
caedes
killing, slaughter
concurro
to rush together, rush
conficio
to complete, wear out, exhaust
consido
to sit down, settle, pitch camp, encamp
conspectus
sight
cruciatus
torture
decedo
to go away, depart
exanimo
to knock unconscious
excito
to wake up, rouse, incite, inspire, raise up, build, construct
fama
rumor, report
fossa
ditch, trench
iaculum
javelin
incolumis
unhurt, safe
intercipio
to intercept, cut off
introeo
to go in, enter
iudico
to judge, decide
laus
praise
littera
letter
metus
fear
munitio
fortification
opinio
belief, expectation
opus
work
paene
almost
pilum
spear, javelin
posterus
following, next
potestas
power, opportunity
praemium
reward
praesidium
protection
quisquam
someone, something, anyone, anything
sicuti
as if, as, just as, just as if
testudo
tortoise, mobile shelter
turris
tower
uter
which one, which (of two)
verso
to turn around, handle, deal with, be involved with, be engaged with, move among
vulnero
to wound
succendo
to set on fire, burn
disciplina
teaching(s), training
disco
to learn
druides
druids
facinus
action, deed, bad deed, crime
immolo
to slay, sacrifice
militia
military service
morbus
disease, illness
occulto
to conceal, hide
plerique
most, very many, a great many
propinquus
nearby, relative
reddo
to give back, give
religio
piety, religion, religious matters
simulacrum
image, figure
supplicium
punishment, execution
tributum
taxes, taxation
vivus
alive, living