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Eli Whitney

Inventor of the cotton gin, caused higher demand for slaves

Dorothea Dix

A Boston school teacher involved in social reform (better care of criminals and mentally ill)

Susan B. Anthony

Fought for woman's rights and also for African Americans rights

Fredrick Douglass

Abolitionist and freed slave and publisher of the North Star

William Lloyd Garrison

Started the Liberator

Harriet Tubman

"Conductor" on the Underground Railroad help over 70 slaves to freedom

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin

John Brown

White abolitionist led raid on Harpers Ferry (arsenal wanted to give slaves the guns so they could revolt)

Abraham Lincoln

16th president of the United States during the Civil War, republican, shot by John Wilkes Booth

"Stonewall" Jackson

Gen. at battle of bull run led south (victory for the south)

Ulysses S. Grant

Head of the union army, declared total war (destroy everything in sight)

Andrew Johnson

Became president after Lincoln was shot, president during reconstruction

Andrew Carnegie

Started Carnegie Steel

John D. Rockefeller

Started Standard Oil Co.

J. Pierpont Morgan (J.P Morgan)

Most powerful banker in the late 1800's in the U.S, bought Carnegie Steel

Henry Ford

Started Ford Motors, used assembly line

Thomas Alva Edison

Invented the light bulb

Boss Tweed

a political boss that cheated NYC out of $100,000,000

Horatio Alger

wrote Rags to Riches, appealed to immigrants

Upton Sinclair

wrote the Jungle, exposed the unsanitary conditions of the mat packing industries

Theodore Roosevelt

President of the U.S.A, trust buster, broke down bad trust like the Standard Oil Co.

Robert LaFollette

Progressive governor in Wisconsin, suggested the Wisconsin idea

Jeannette Rankin

First women to be elected to the House of Representatives

Woodrow Wilson

28th president, had a plain called the 14 points (main goal was to keep peace between countries)

Herbert Hoover

often blamed for the Great Depression, didn't believe in helping business or setting up relief programs for the jobless, seen as "ogre"

Franklin D. Roosevelt

often referred to by his initials FDR, was the thirty-second President of the United States. Elected to four terms in office, he served from 1933 to 1945, and is the only U.S. president to have served more than two terms of office. He was a central figure of the 20th century during a time of worldwide economic crisis and world war.

Frances Perkins

U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, and the first woman ever appointed to the cabinet.

Rosie the Riveter

Advertising campaign character who encouraged women to take factory jobs, during WWII.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

leader of the Allied forces in Europe (leader of D day) then was elected to be Pres. of the USA

Harry Truman

became 33rd President of the United States on Roosevelt's death in 1945 and was elected President in 1948; authorized the use of atomic bombs against Japan (1884-1972)

Rosa Parks

United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)

Martin Luther King Jr.

African American civil rights leader. led march of washington. Won Nobel Peace Prize

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