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Erosion & Deposition
Terms in this set (36)
the process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil from one place to another
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface.
when agents of erosion (gravity, water, wind, glaciers) lay down sediment
small, solid particles of rocks and living things moved by erosion
several processes that move sediment downhill
the slow downhill movement of weathered rock material
water-soaked land that slides down a hill
a mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down a slope
the rapid downhill movement of a large amount of rock and soil
a channel along which water is continually flowing down a slope. Has a bed, banks, and a current.
a wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream or river leaves a mountain range. It forms when a mountain river or stream empties onto the land.
a triangular or arc shaped deposit of sediment formed where a river flows into an ocean or lake
a stream or river that flows into a larger river
a meander that has been cut off from the river
a loop-like bend in the course of a river
a flat, wide area of land along a river
the force that moves rock and other materials downhill
water that moves over Earth's surface
tiny grooves in soil formed by runoff after one rainfall
large groove or channel formed by runoff made after many rainfalls over time
water that soaks into the ground after a rainfall
a deposit that hangs like an icicle from the ceiling of a cave
cone-shaped deposits that build up on the ground of the cave from dripping dissolved limestone.
a depression, or sinkhole, formed when caves underground collapse
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in water, ice, or wind
Any large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
A glacier that covers much of a continent or island.
time in Earth's history during which glaciers covered large parts of the surface
A long, narrow glacier that forms when snow and ice build up in a mountain valley
The process by which a glacier picks up rocks as it flows over the land
When rock is detached by moving glacial ice and becomes embedded into the ice
The sediments deposited directly by a glacier
A ridge formed by the till deposited at the edge of a glacier.
A small depression that forms when a chunk of ice is left in glacial till
The movement of sand along the beach
Movement of sediments parallel to shore, driven by wave energy.
a deposit of wind- blown sand
A wind-formed deposit made of fine particles of clay and silt
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