Terms in this set (127)
mesenteryconnects parietal peritoneum to visceral peritoneumgreater omentumlarge sac of mesentery between the abdominal organs and ventral body wall that is connected to the greater curvature of the stomach and duodenum, responsible for beer gutlesser omentummesentery stretching from the lesser curvature of the stomach and around the common bile duct to the livermesentery propertissue that connects the coils of ileum and jejunum together and to the ventral body wallmesocolonconnects the colon to the dorsal body wallascending colonlocated in patient's upper right and lower right quadranttransverse colonlocated in patient's upper right and upper left quadrantliverlocated in patient's upper right and upper left, comes in contact with diaphragm, contains right/left hepatic ducts, common hepatic duct, common bile ductgall bladderlocated in patient's upper right quadrant, contains cystic duct and common bile ductsmall intestinelocated in patient's lower right and lower left quadrants, close to pubic bone and lies directly beneath belly button, contains duodenum, jejunum, and ileumcecumlocated in patient's lower right quadrantdescending colonlocated in patient's upper left and lower left quadrantspleenlocated in patient's upper left quadrantheart and lungsidentify organs that are in contact with the superior surface of the diaphragmliver and stomachidentify the organs that are in contact with the inferior surface of the diaphragmsmall intestine, sigmoid colon, rectumidentify the organs that are closest to the pubic bonesmall intestineidentify the organs that lie directly beneath your belly buttonno, left is higher b/c liver pushes right kidney downare the human kidneys at the same position/height in the abdominopelvic cavity?esophageal hiatuspassageway that allows the esophagus to pass from the thoracic cavity into the abdominal cavityorgans can slide up into thoracic cavitywhat is the risk associated with the esophageal hiatus being too large?food can't fit throughwhat is the risk associated with esophageal hiatus being too small?stomachlocated in patient's upper left quadrant, contains fundus, body and pyloric partpyloric sphincterseparates stomach and small intestineiliocecal valveseparates small intestine and and cecum, keeps food going into cecum, prevents back flowcystic duct to common bile ducthow does bile get from the gallbladder to the duodenum?insulin/hormone productionwhat is the purpose of the pancreas?yes, hepatic ductsif there is a blockage in the cystic duct, is it possible for bile to get to the duodenum?1is there one pancreatic duct or more than one emptying into the duodenum?first part of small intestine, can't absorb unless broken down by bilewhy do you think the bile duct and the pancreatic duct empty into the duodenum instead of the jejunum and ileum, or even the large intestines?produce salivawhat is the function of the parotid, sublingual, and submandibular gland?2-1-2-3human dental formula for the right and left half of the maxilla is listed as.... (central/lateral incisors, canines, premolars, molars)canineswhich teeth are best suited for tearing?molarswhich teeth are best suited for grinding?echogenicitythe ability of a tissue to produce an echoisoechoichomogenous, blend in with surroundings, only observe shape of liver due to surrounding organs being hyperechoicanaechoicblack, no echoes, found in fluid filled structures ex: gall bladder, heart, blood vesselshypoechoicdark grey, organs that are dense, b/c of the amount of fluid is not enough to appear blackhyperechoicwhite, connective bones, tissues, and tendons4C probeabdominal ultrasounds, low frequency, greater depth, low resolution3S probecardiac ultrasounds, mid range frequency, lower depth, higher resolution12L probejoint, muscle, neck ultrasounds, linear probe, high frequencytransverse viewprobe marker is pointed towards patients right sidelongitudinal viewprobe marker is pointed towards patients headhow to prep for ultrasoundfast for several hours prior, no gum, no liquids other than water, no foodcommon problems during ultrasoundscheck amount of gel on probe and patient, entire probe footprint coming into contact with skin (harder with skinnier patients)isoechoicwhat is the echogenicity of the liver?anaechoicwhat is the echogenicity of the gall bladder?hyperechoic, isoechoic, anaechoicwhat is the echogenicity of the kidney?conducting portionpart of the respiratory tract that is a series of structures and tubes that carry air deep into the lungsrespiratory portionpart of the respiratory tract that is the tissues deep in the lungs that allow oxygen and carbon dioxide to diffuse between the tiny air sacs in the lungs (alveoli) and the blood streamnaresnostrilssuperior nasal conchaemiddle nasal conchaeinferior nasal conchaenasal cavityoral vestibuleplace where you would put diplabial frenulumtissue that attaches gum to liporal cavity properanything that is behind the teethoral cavity properyour tongue sits within the _____________hard palatesoft palateuvulapharynxcontains the nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynxnasopharynxoropharynxlaryngopharynxarytenoid cartilagecricoid cartilagethyroid cartilageforms Adams apple in males, females have this but not as prominentepiglottisflap of cartilage attached to larynxventricular foldsfalse vocal cords, superior to vocal cords, not shown on larynx modelvocal cordsconnected to arytenoid cartilagekeeps trachea from collapsingwhat is the purpose of the cartilage rings around the trachea?needs to be able to expand/contactwhat is the reason the esophagus lacks cartilage rings?tracheain humans, which structure is more anterior, the trachea or esophagus?3 (superior, middle, inferior)how many lobes do human lungs have on the right side?2 (superior and inferior)how many lobes do human lungs have on the left side?external intercostal musclesstriated towards belly buttoninternal intercostal musclesstriated towards heartmyocardiumheart muscleendocardiuminner surface of myocardium, lines atria and ventriclespectinate muscleridge muscle in atriacoronary sinushole in right atriumbody, rightthe superior vena cava brings blood from the _________ to the __________ atriumlungs, leftthe pulmonary veins bring blood from the ________ to the _________ atriumtricuspid valveconnects right atrium to right ventriclebicuspid/mitral valveconnects left atrium to left ventricleinterventricular sulcusoutside surface of heartinterventricular septumchordae tendineaepapillary musclemoderator bandfound in right ventricletrabeculae carneae muscleridge muscle in ventriclesright, lungsthe pulmonary trunk (arteries) carries blood from the _________ ventricle and to the _________left, bodythe aorta carries blood from the ________ ventricle and to the __________subclavianthe ______________ artery in the thoracic cavity becomes the axillary artery as it enters the armpit regionaxillarythe ______________ artery in the armpit becomes the brachial artery as it runs along the upper armbrachialthe ___________ artery of the upper arm becomes the ulnar artery as it divides and runs along ulnabrachialthe ____________ artery of the upper arm becomes the radial artery as it divides and runs along radiussubclavianthe axillary vein drains the armpit region and then empties into the ____________ vein in the thoracic cavityaxillarythe cephalic vein drains the lateral upper and lower arm regions, and then empties into the ____________ vein in the armpit regionaxillarythe basilic vein drains the medial upper and lower arm regions, and then empties into the ____________ vein in the armpit regioncephalic, basilicthe median cubital vein connects the ________ vein to the ___________ vein in the anterior region of the elbowthoracic aortathe ________________ in the thoracic cavity becomes the abdominal aorta after it descends through the diaphragmceliac trunk arteryabdominal aortathe __________________ becomes the common iliac artery as it branches toward each iliumcommon iliac arterythe ________________ becomes the external iliac artery after giving off the internal iliac arteryexternal iliac arterythe ____________ becomes the femoral artery after it passes through the body wall and runs along the upper legfemoral arterythe ______________ becomes the popliteal artery as it runs behind the knee through the popliteal fossapopliteal arterythe ______________ becomes the anterior tibial artery as it branches toward the front of the tibiapopliteal arterythe _____________ becomes the posterior tibial artery as it continues along the back of the tibiaright atriumthe inferior vena can drains the lower part of the body and empties into the ________________ inside the thoracic cavityinferior vena cavathe common iliac vein drains the hip region, and then empties into the ____________ inside the pelvic cavityexternal iliac veinthe femoral vein drains the upper leg region and then empties into the ____________internal iliac veindrains reproduction organs, bladder, gluteal muscles, and upper part of medial thighfemoral veinthe popliteal vein drains the knee region, and then empties into the ____________popliteal veinthe posterior tibial vein drains the back of the lower leg, and then empties into the __________
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