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social studies final
Terms in this set (61)
a demand or threat that is final
an organization of people (or countries) involved in a pact or treaty
policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
nonparticipation in a dispute or war
An informal alliance between countries
deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
the spirit of a group that makes the members want the group to succeed
A war that involves the complete mobilization of resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those remote from the battlefields.
a military draft
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
one-sided information designed to persuade, to keep up morale and support for the war
an agreement to stop fighting
payment for damages after a war
a limited portion or allowance of food or goods; limitation of use
treaty of versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas
archduke franz ferdinand
Heir to the Austrian throne who was assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia in June of 1914. His assassination led to the beginning of WWI.
Member of a terrorist organization called The Black Hand. Helped to end the optimistic Progressive era in America. Murdered Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife. Wanted to set Bosnia free from Austria-Hungary
After World War I, this United States president sought to reduce the risk of war by writing the Fourteen Points that influenced the creation of the League of Nations.
What sparks WWI
the Assassination of Archduke.
weapons of WWI
machine guns, tanks, grenades, airplanes, u-boats/submarines, mustard gas
-ex: Great Britian and Germany competing for worlds strongest navy.
Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungary, & Italy-----> Central Powers- Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman empire.
Triple Entente- France, Russia, & Great Britain.-------> The Allies- France, Great Britain, U.S. (Italy and Russia backed out later)
-ex: Germany threatened to take Morocco from France
-Competition for colonies
-more resourse= more $$$$
-more $$$$= stronger military
-stronger= more power/prestige
-more power/prestige= more pride in nation
ex: France still upset over loss to Germany.. Germans took great pride in their military and industrial strength.. remember bismark "blood and iron"
The Romanov czar who was forced to abdicate his throne as a result of a series of mistakes that evenutally lead to the Russian Revolution.
A revolutionary leader who was exiled from Russia and the leader of the Bolshevik Party; he returned to Russia with the help of the Germans during World War I.
A revolutionary leader who organized the October (Second) Revolution and the Red Guard (Civil War); he was a popular and capable leader but people feared he would rule as a dictator.
A revolution leader who was cold and impersonal; As party secretary, he worked behind the scenes to appoint his supporters to positions of power; he succeeded Lenin.
Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability.
make ready for action or use
a system for international peace
the idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist control
powder keg of europe
nickname for the Balkans, region of Europe that had disputed ownership; conflict there could lead all of Europe into war
The early Communists that overthrew the Czar in the Russian Revolution.
union of Austria and Germany
the German airforce
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
A secret agreement between the Germans and the Russians that said that they would not attack each other
league of nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
An agreement/conference that gave Germany the Sudetenland
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
an area in western Czechoslovakia that was coveted by Hitler
"peace of our time"
returning from munich, british prime minister Nevile Chamberlin told cheering crowds that he had acheived "peace of our time"
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
August 15, 1945 - the Victory in Japan Day when the Japanese surrendered
name of the territory in which Hitler sent troops into in defiance of the Versailles treaty in 1935.
invasion of poland
Germany invaded, breaking their agreement, so Britain and France declared war, starting World War II
codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II.
Combined German and Italian forces were beaten near Alexandria, which lead to the Allied taking of Morocco and Algeria
attack on france
Spring 1940 Norway and Denmark were captured by the Germans, May 10, they attack the Netherlands & Belgium, June 22nd France surrenders to Germany
battle of stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
miracle of dunkirk
338,000 British soldiers were carried from France to Great Britain on small boats in 12 days
Allied troops landed at Normandy Beach to start liberating France from German control
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
battle of britain
1940-41- Series of bombing raids launched against British cities by the German air force
battle of midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
dropping of atomic bomb
During the final steps of World War II in 1945, the US under President Truman, conducted two atomic bombings against the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan .
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