Bio 129 Lab Exam 3

oral cavity
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Terms in this set (211)
CecumVermiform appendixAscending ColonTransverse ColonDescending ColonSigmoid ColonRectum#4Anal Canal#11teethtonguesalivary glandsSublingual glandSubmandibular GlandParotid GlandLiverGall bladderPancreasGums (gingiva)Central incisorcanines1st premolarsGreenLateral incisorOrange2nd premolarsDark blue1st molarsPink2nd molarsLight Blue3rd molars (wisdom)Brownesophaguscardia regionfundusbody of stomachpyloric regionhepatic ductscystic ductcommon bile ductpancreatic ductthoracic cavityabdominopelvic cavityWhat are the walls and organs of the thoracic and abdominoplevic cavities lined with?Serous Tissue (also called serosa)What are the different names for serous tissue in the thoracic cavity?Parietal Pleura - lines the wall of thoracic cavity Visceral pleura - covers the surface of the lungs Pericardium - surround the heart Epicardium - covers the surface of the heartParietal Pleura Serous TissueSerous tissue that lining the inside of the thoracic cavityVisceral Pleura Serous TissueSerous tissue that covers the surface of the lungs in the thoracic cavityPericardium Serous TissueSerous tissue that surrounds the heart in the thoracic cavityEpicardiumSerous tissue covering the surface of the heart in the thoracic cavityWhat are the different names of serous tissue in the abdominopelvic cavity?Parietal Peritoneum - lines the inside walls of abdomen and pelvis Visceral Peritoneum - covers the surface of the abdominal organsParietal PeritoneumSerous tissue that lines the inside walls of the abdomen and pelvis in the abdominopelvic cavityVisceral PeritoneumSerous tissue that covers the surface of the abdominal organsWhat structure separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity?The diaphragmIs the Diaphragm solid?No!Greater OmentumConnected to the greater curvature portion of the stomach and duodenum *Fat over organsLesser OmentumStretches from the lesser curvature of the stomach and around the common bile duct to the liver In between stomach and liverMesentery ProperThe tissue that connects the coils of ileum and jejunum together and to the ventral body wall Spiderweb stuff that comes off of SImesocolonConnects the colon to the dorsal body wall *Underneath the transverse colonWhat are the general functions of the mesenteries?To hold everything in placeWhat mesentery is responsible for the "beer gut?"Greater OmentumWhich organs are in contact with the superior surface of the diaphragm?Heart and lungsWhich organs are in contact with the inferior surface of the diaphragm?Stomach and liverWhich organs are the close to the pubic bone?Rectum, sigmoid colonWhich organs lie directly beneath your belly button?Small intestineEsophageal HiatusThe passageway that allows the esophagus to pass from the thoracic cavity into the abdominal cavityWhat is the risk associated with the esophageal hiatus being too large?Hernia! Organs move into chest cavityWhat is the risk associated with the esophageal hiatus being too small?Can't pass food/hear burnIs the esophagus hollow or solidhollowIs the esophagus muscular?yesWhat is the purpose of the esophagus?to push food downWhat is the purpose of the stomach muscle?grind up foodPyloric SphincterPassageway that keeps food in stomach and when it's ready to go into duodenumWhat is the purpose of the muscle in the small intestines?moves food and absorbs nutrient peristalsisIs the liver muscular?NoWhat is the purpose of the gallbladder muscle?stores bileHow does the bile get from the gallbladder to the duodenum?Through the cyclic duct then common bile ductIs the pancreas muscular?NoWhat are the functions of the parotid, submandibular, sublingual glands?produce salviaWhat is the dental formula for the right half of the maxilla?incisors-canines-premolars-molars 2-1-2-3Which teeth are the best for tearing?canines and incisorsWhich teeth are best suited for grinding?Molars + premolarsInterventricular sulcusMyocardiumEpicardium/Visceral PericardiumAortaLeft VentricleRight AtriumBicuspid ValueCordae TendineaeTricuspid ValueEndocardiumPulmonary ArteryModerator BandLeft AtriumTrabeculae CarneaePulmonary VeinRight VentriclePapillary MuscleAortic Semilunar ValvePectinate MusclePulmonary Semilunar ValveSuperior Vena CavaPericardial SacThe superior vena cava brings blood from the ___1___ to the ___2___1. Body 2. Right AtriumThe pulmonary Veins bring blood from the __1__ to the __2__1. Body 2. Right AtriumThe pulmonary veins bring blood from the __1__ to the __2___1. Lungs 2. Left atriumThe pulmonary trunk/arteries carry blood from the __1__ to the __2___1. right ventricle 2. LungsThe aorta carries blood from the __1__ to the __2__1. Left ventricle 2. BodyWhat is the structure that separates the left and right ventricles?Interventricular SeptumAnterior Tibial ArteryAxillary ArteryBasilic VeinBrachial ArteryBrachial VeinBrachiocephalic ArteryCommon Iliac ArteryDeep Femoral ArteryExternal Iliac ArteryFemoral ArteryInferior Ulnar Collateral ArteryInternal Iliac ArteryMedian Cubital VeinPosterior Tibial ArteryRadial ArterySuperficial Palmer ArchSuperior Ulnar Collateral ArteryUlnar ArteryPopliteal ArteryAnterior Circumflex Humeral ArteryAxillary VeinCephalic VeinAbdominal AortaAnterior Tibial VeinCommon Iliac VeinDeep Femoral VeinExternal Iliac VeinFemoral VeinGreat Saphenous VeinInferior Vena CavaInternal Iliac VeinLateral Circumflex Femoral ArteryLateral Circumflex Femoral VeinPopliteal VeinPosterior Circumflex Humeral ArteryPosterior Tibial VeinSmall Saphenous VeinVenous Network of HandDorsal Digital and NetworksRenal VeinExternal Jugular VeinCarotid ArteryInternal Jugular VeinAortaSuperior Vena CavaGallbladderPortal TriadHeart UltrasoundUpper= liver Bean = kidney Other circle = aorta In-between kidney and aorta = Renal ArteryWhat is echogenicity?IsoechoicSame echogenicity as surrounding tissue - Will appear GREY and blend with everythingAnechoicAbsence of echoes - Will appear BLACKHypoechoicLess echogenic than the surrounding tissue - Will appear DARK GREYHyperechoicMore echogenic than surrounding tissue - Will appear WHITE4C probeLowFrequency -Greater depth -Low resolution Abdominal Ultrasounds3S probeMid range frequency -lower depth -higher resolution Cardiac Ultrasounds12L probeHigh Frequency -low depth -High resolution Joint, muscle neck ultrasoundsG = Right Brachiocephalic G1 = Left BrachiocephalicIdentify G, G1A = Aortic Arch C = Brachiocephalic Trunk D = Left common Carotid E = Left and Right SubclavianB = inferior mesenteric C = pancreatic E = spelnic D = Left and Right Gastro-epiploic F = Superior Mesenteric I = PortalC = common hepatic C1 = Left hepatic C2 = Right hepatic D = Right Gastric H = Superior Pancreatico-Duodenal I - Cystic J = Left Gastric K = Splenic L = Superior mesenteric H1= Inferior Pancreatico-Duodenal Q = Inferior Mesenteric R = Left Colic T = Superior RectalOral VestibuleLabial FrenulumCavity Proper *everything behind teethWhere does your tongue sit within?Oral Cavity ProperArytenoid CartilageCricoid CartilageThyroid CartilageEpiglottisVentricular folds = under vocal cordsVocal CordsWhat is the purpose of the cartilage rings around the trachea?Structure/StabilizationWhat is the reason that the esophagus lacks cartilage rings?its muscular so it needs to be able to moveWhat is more anterior the trachea or the esophagus ?TracheaInternal Intercostal musclesExternal Intercostal MusclesWhen you breathe "from your stomach" (your abdomen rises and falls with each breath) which lobes of the lungs are you using the most?Inferior = stomach breathing *Superior would be chest breathingSuperior, Middle, Inferior Lobe of HeartWhat does the pericardium above and the peritoneum in the digestive system have in common?both have serous tissue = help lubricationWhat is the function of the chordae tendon when the ventricles are contracting?Open AV bicuspid and tricuspid valveAre veins or arteries on top?VeinsWould you bleed out faster from an artery or a vein?Artery - have higher blood pressure because they are carrying O2 bloodWhat organs receive blood from the celiac trunk?liver stomach spleenWhat organs receive blood from the superior mesenteric artery?first half of large intestinesWhat organs receive blood from the inferior mesenteric artery?second half of large intestinesWhat vessels does a red blood cell flow through to get fro the aorta to the intestines?If a molecule of sugar is absorbed from the SI and into the blood stream, through what vessels will this molecule travel to get to the liver?After it passes through the liver, wha major blood vessel does it enter next?After a red blood cell passes through the liver, what major blood vessel does it enter next?What are the 3 arteries that branch off of the Aorta?Left Subclavian Artery Brachiocephalic Trunk Left Common Carotid ArteryWhat is the muscle in the atria?PectinateMuscle in the ventriclesTrabeculae CarneaeMuscle of the heartMyocardiumIf the heart is in a zip block bag what is the bag acting as?Pericardium sacUvula1 - molars 2 - premolars 3 - canine 4 - incisorName the numbersEpiglottisDiaphragm