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AAC Autism PPT
Terms in this set (29)
What is the prevalence of ASD in the world population?
What is the prevalence of ASD in the US?
1 in 68
Definition of ASD:
A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interactions, generally evident before age 3 that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
What are 5 common characteristics of ASD?
Associated medical conditions
What is a sequential learning style?
Step by step learning (typical reading progression; letter, sound, word, etc.)
What is a naturalistic learning style?
Learns best in natural settings among naturally occurring elements (language, social rules)
What is a kinesthetic learning style?
The individual who learns by doing. They appear to have an innate understanding of how things go together or work even when limitations exist in their academic skills (computer operations, dance moves)
What is a visual/spatial learning styler?
Ability to perceive, analyze, and understand visual information in their environment (artist, good at puzzles)
What is a musical learner?
retain and respond to patterns, rhythms, and rhymes
What is a gestalt learning or global learning style?
retain chunks of information initially and break it down to learn individual concepts (opposite of sequential learner; knows birthday song, counts to 100).
What is the learning style of most individuals with ASD?
gestalt or global learning style
Poor generalizing abilities-
Considerable limitations are often noted in the ability to appropriately apply learned information in varied communicative settings and environments
The reality of consistent repetitive thoughts and actions the individual with autism encounters may hinder their ability to hear, process, and complete requested tasks.
What are four reasons for behavior challenges in ASD?
-Poor understanding of social rules
-sensory processing disorder,
-lack of effective communication
Difficult behaviors often arise from misinterpretation of expectations, fear, frustration, and/or confusion by not having the answers to the following questions:
-WHERE they should be?
-WHAT they should be doing?
-HOW LONG they are doing it?
-WHAT comes next?
In individuals with ASD hypo or hyper sensitivity may be observed in what six sensory areas?
Proprioceptive (sense of body in space)
What are some inappropriate social behaviors of children with ASD?
-Difficulty engaging in reciprocal activities such as, turn taking, joint play, sharing, conversations
-Inappropriate response during social situations
-Lack awareness or inaccurately interpret non-verbal messages.
-Difficulty seeing things from another's perspective or understanding the feelings of others
-Difficulty regulating emotions.
What are some associated medical conditions of individuals with ASD?
-Sensory Processing Problems
What are some intervention strategies for individuals with ASD?
-Applied Behavior Analysis
-Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
-Partner Assisted Communication
-Language Acquisition through Motor Planning (LAMP)
What is ABA?
ABA is the use of techniques and principles to bring about meaningful and positive change in behavior.
What are the ideas that ABA are based on?
-Individuals with autism are often capable of learning, but it takes a very structured environment
-If a behavior is followed by some sort of reward, the behavior is more likely to be repeated
SEE PPT FOR MORE ABA INFO
What is the TEACCH strategy?
TEACCH relies heavily on visual learning, a strength for many children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Children use schedules made up of pictures and/or words to order their day and to help them move smoothly between activities.
What is floortime intervention?
The idea behind Floortime is that a child's caregiver gets down on the floor and plays with the child and following the child's lead to determine what interests her. It can help the child to understand being in a "shared" world.
What is PECS intervention?
the dynamic alternative/augmentative system that focuses on initiation of communication rather than teacher controlled responses
What is the procedure of PECS intervention strategies?
PECS begins with teaching a student to exchange a picture of a desired item with a teacher, who immediately honors the request. Verbal prompts are not used, thus building immediate initiation and avoiding prompt dependency
What are the stages of PECS?
1: Physical Exchange
2: Expand Spontaneity
3: Picture Discrimination
4: Sentence Structure
5: Respond to "What do you want?"
6: Respond to Commenting
What is partner assisted communication?
Partner assisted scanning is a method of facilitating purposeful communication when using partners to assist students by listing or "scanning" through possible choices
What are four examples of visual strategies?
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