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Terms in this set (49)

(1820 - 1848) Throughout the 1820's when Texas was still a part of Mexico, the Mexican government allowed US settlers to claim land in Texas and set up plantations. Then, in 1830, the government put a hold on immigration, which caused Anglo-Texans to rebel against Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the Mexican dictator. Eventually, tensions broke out further in 1835 at the Battle of Gonzales,(The Battle of Gonzales was the first military engagement of the Texas Revolution. It was fought near Gonzales, Texas, on October 2, 1835, between rebellious Texian settlers and a detachment of Mexican army soldiers .) which was the start of the Texas Revolution. The revolution included the famous Battle of the Alamo, (1836 in modern day san antonio) .The Battle of the Alamo (February 23 - March 6, 1836) was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. Following a 13-day siege, Mexican troops under President General Antonio López de Santa Anna launched an assault on the Alamo Mission near San Antonio de Béxar (mo dern-day San Antonio, Texas, United States), killing all of the Texian defenders. Santa Anna's cruelty during the battle inspired many Texians—both Texas settlers and adventurers from the United States—to join the Texian Army. Buoyed by a desire for revenge, the Texans defeated the Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto, on April 21, 1836, ending the revolution.. The Texas Revolution lasted until 1836, when Texas declared independence from Mexico and became its own nation, named "The Republic of Texas," which allowed slavery to expand there easily. However, in 1845, Texas became the 28th state to join the union (slave owners were paranoid that the British would come and free their slaves), and President James K. Polk claimed the southern Texas border to be the Rio Grande, which led to the Mexican-American War. It lasted from 1846 to 1848, and Mexico ended up losing almost a third of its land to the US, which now comprises most of the Southwestern US.
(1829-1837) During Jackson's tenure as president, Congress, the chief executive, and the Supreme court all competed for influence over one another. He claimed a broad popular mandate to increase the power of the presidency, and he used it to end the charter of the Second Bank of the United States. Jackson relied heavily on federal authority and issued numerous executive orders to bypass the legislative and judicial branch. Jackson saw the very existence of the Cherokee nation as an affront to his authority and hindrance to GA's economic well-being. He aided in the passing of the Indian Removal act of 1830 (one cause of the Trail of Tears). The supreme court sided with the Cherokee nation's plea for the recognition of sovereignty, stating that Georgia's authority did not extend over the Cherokee nation. Jackson rejected this verdict and ordered troops to force Indians from their homeland. Jacksonian democrats were able to extend their influence in the political sphere by introducing a national political spoils system (giving their supporters jobs while throwing their rivals out of appointed offices); their extensive power allowed them to enact harsh tariffs such as the "Tariff of Abominations." This caused the nullification crisis, in which John C. Calhoun (SC senator) declared the tariff void in SC. Jackson struck back swiftly, declaring that states' rights did not include the power to nullify federal laws or to secede. He used his ability to veto 12 times (more than all previous presidents combined).
1760-1770- Hillsborough Paint
1763-1764- Pontiac's Rebellion
1765-1776- Sons of Liberty
1765-1783- "Revolution vs War"
1772- Somerset Case
1775- Dunmore's Proclamation
Around 1776- American Mobbing
1776- Abigail Adams Letter
1781-1789- Articles of Confederation
1786-1787- Shay's Rebellion
1787- Virginia and New Jersey Plan, 3/5 Compromise, Northwest Ordinance
1789- Bill of Rights
Late 1700's- Virtue, Republicanism
1801- Second Great Awakening
1805-1879- William Lloyd Garrison (1831- He launched the Liberator, 1833- He founded American Anti-Slavery society)
1820- Missouri Compromise
1820's-1830's- Market Revolution
1820-1848- Republic of Texas (1830's- Put a hold on immigration, 1835- Battle of Gonzales, 1836- Battle of the Alamo, 1845- Became 28th union state, 46-48- Mexico American war and lost 1/3 of its land)
After 1820's- Second Slavery
1825-1899- Henry Heth
1828-1836- Jacksonian Democracy
1830's- David Ruggles
August 1831- Nat Turner
1833- Douglass vs. Covey
1838-1839- Trail of Tears
1846- Wilmot Proviso
1848-1854- Free Soil party and became Republican Party
1850- Compromise of 1850, Fugitive Slave Act
1850's-1860's- Rifled Musket, Pro-Slavery version of the American Dream
1859- John Brown
1860's- King Cotton, Election of 1860
1860-1865- Northern Anti Slavery
1861- Anaconda Plan, Cornerstone Speech
1861-1865- War within the states, Confederate Constitution, Unintended Union Revolution, Unintended Confederate Revolution, Women in the Civil War
1862- George McClellan
1863- Shelton Laurel
1865- Field Order 15