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Arts and Humanities
Religion Chapter 3 Study Guide
Terms in this set (52)
The prophetess who recognized Jesus as the Messiah when he was presented in the Temple
The visit of the Archangel Gabriel to the Blessed Virgin Mary to inform her she would be the Mother of the Savior. Having given her consent to God's word, the Blessed Virgin Mary became the Mother of God the Son by the power of the Holy Spirit.
Reparation for an offense through a voluntary action that expiates the injustice done
The wife of St. Zechariah, mother of St. John the Baptist, and kinswoman of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Finding in the Temple
Christ and his parents went to Jerusalem for the Feast of the Passover. On the return journey, the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Joseph discovered Christ was not with them and, after three days, found him in the Temple, discoursing with the teachers of the Law
Latin for "let it be done." This was the Blessed Virgin Mary's response to God's plan of redemption; it was her consent to become the Mother of God
One of the Archangels named in Sacred Scripture and the special messenger of God to the Blessed Virgin Mary at the Annunciation
From the Greek for "tracing of descent"; the study of ancestry or a list of someone's ancestors
In light of God's free choice of the Blessed Virgin Mary from all eternity to be the Mother of his Son, it was ordained, from the first moment of her conception, she was preserved from all stain of Original Sin
From the Latin for "to become flesh"; the mystery of the hypostatic union of the divine and human natures in one divine Person of the Word, Jesus Christ
Indwelling of the Blessed Trinity
The Blessed Trinity is present in the soul from the moment of Baptism and remain as long as that soul is in a state of grace
Being made right with God. It is a free and undeserved gift of God through the sacrifice of Jesus Christ
The wise men who came from the East to adore the newborn king of the Jews and brought him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh
The Mother of Jesus. The Blessed Virgin Mary's greatest privilege in her divine Motherhood and, hence, her title Mother of God
The Birth of our Lord Jesus Christ in Bethlehem as well as the events surrounding his Birth
Christ's work of redemption accomplished by his Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension
The Presentation of Christ in the Temple was performed in obedience to the Mosaic Law, which required the offering of the firstborn male, as well as the ritual purification of the mother, forty days after childbirth
Jesus Christ, through his sacrificial Death on the Cross, set man free from the slavery of sin
The free and unmerited favor of God dispensed through the sacraments. This grace heals human nature, which has been wounded by sin, giving man a share in the divine life
St. Simeon recognized Jesus as the Christ at the Presentation in the Temple
The Blessed Virgin Mary conceived Christ by the power of the Holy Spirit. She, therefore, was a virgin when she gave birth to Jesus Christ
The Blessed Virgin Mary visited her kinswoman St. Elizabeth. St. Elizabeth's greeting, "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb!" forms part of the Hail Mary
When did God begin to reveal his plan of salvation to mankind?
from the moment of out first parents fall into original sin.
What event marked the culmination of God's plan of salvation?
the incarnation of Jesus Christ, the Son of God and second person of the Blessed Trinity made man.
What is the Hypostatic Union?
the term used to describe how God the Son, Jesus Christ, took on a human nature, yet remained fully God at the same time
What does the word Emmanuel mean?
"God with us"
Why does God become incarnate?
-to save us from our sins
-to show us what love is
-to model holiness
-partake in the divine nature
What historical circumstances encouraged Messianic expectations among the Jewish people at the time of Christ's Birth?
the miraculous circumstances surrounding the Birth of Jesus Christ, the Son of God are full of simplicity and understanding of the human condition. He didn't descend from Heaven accompanied by angels, pageantry and ceremony
Why and how did God preserve the Blessed Virgin Mary from sin, both Original and personal?
The blessed virgin Mary from sin was a grace and privilege God had given her in anticipation of the merits. Christ would gain by his redemption. In order for Mary to be able to give the free assent.
Why is the dogma of the Virgin Birth of Christ central to Christianity?
the reclamation of the human race could only begin if she were to assent to God's plan. Her yes overturned once and for all Eve's infamous no and prepare the way for God to enter into the world by becoming man
Explain Christ's identity in terms of person and nature.
In philosophical terms, Christ divine sonship means he is not a human person but by other a divine person who, on addition to his divine nature took on a human nature
What role did the Blessed Virgin Mary play in the Incarnation?
Mary's response was the most important human response ever the plan of salvation needed human cooperation.
What was St.Joseph's vocation? How did he carry out this vocation?
As christ, the son of God, nature St.Joseph played an important role in his education and training.
What can the Blessed Virgin Mary and St.Joseph teach us about discipleship?
the blessed Virgin Mary and St. Joseph teach us that you must always have faith and believe in something, no matter what happen in life.
What do the genealogies, included in the Gospels of St. Matthew and Luke, indicate about the extent of Christ kingdom?
Both genealogies indicate about the extent of christ kingdom will go on to rule forever. They both indicate his role of a savior of humans. it also shows that everyone is included in the plan of redemption
What does Luke's Genealogy show us? What does Matthew's Genealogy show us?
Luke's genealogy: traces christ lineage all the way back to Adam, reminds us the christ is the New Adam
emphasizes that christ is a descendent of both Abraham and King David, shows christ descended from a long line of Davidic Kings stressing his kingship
Know the difference between the Annunciation, Fiat, Immaculate Conception, Theotokos, Visitation and Incarnation
Why is the Visitation significant?
it shows us why the mother of God is called the Ark of the New Covenant the New Covenant is Jesus Christ himself and Mary is the holy vessel or Ark that brought him to us
Know the Parallels between the Ark of the Old Covenant and the Ark of the New Covenant
Why was Jesus Christ born in Bethlehem?
bc it was for told by the prophets. Mary and Joseph were obliged ti go to t Bethlehem to register for the Roman census bc he was descendant
How is the universality of Christ's redemption indicated in the events surrounding his Birth?
He was worshipped by shepherds and the magi, revealing that God came to save ALL people
What gifts did the Magi bring to Christ and what do these gifts represent?
gold, Frankincense and myrrh to christ. They represent christ kingship; divinity; crucifixion, Death and Burial
What do the circumstances of Christ's Birth reveal about the importance of Christian poverty?
he was born in a humble stable, christian poverty call us to have a detachment from material possessions which helps us turn our attention to the Lord.
Know the important events associated with the infancy Narratives in Matthew and Luke
Why was Christ "presented" in the Temple?
Mosaic Law prescribes that every first born son be "redeemed" to God in commemoration of Passover. He didn't need to do this but did so bc he was obedient to the Law
Why did the parents of Christ offer a sacrifice in the Temple?
Law obliged every mother to offer sacrifice in the temple to purify herself after child birth. Mary didn't NEED this purification but she do so bc she was obedient to the Law
How did the Presentation in the Temple foreshadow the cross?
Jesus was offered in commemoration of the Passover during the Passover a lamb was offered in lace of the first birth son.Now, Jesus who is their first born is offered in the temple and he is also the Lamb of God.
also, Simeon warns Mary that a sword will pierce her heart, prophesizing how christ suffering and death with effect his mother.
What is the Finding in the Temple and why is it important?
this the last record of christ early life. His reference to "My father house" reveals that christ fully understood his identity as the Sons of God. Also, demonstrates his obedience to his poverts AND to his heavenly father.
What does it mean to say "Christ was incarnated to save us from our sins"?
he came to redeem us
What does it mean to say "Christ was incarnated to show us what love is"?
he came to show us what love is and that i
What does it mean to say "Christ was incarnated to to model holiness"?
to show us what holiness really is
What does it mean to say "Christ was incarnated to allow us to partake in His divinity"?
that we would become like God
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