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Which of the following is NOT one of the basic components of emotion identified in the text?

pupil contraction

Which theory would be most threatened by evidence that highly similar patterns of physiological activity are associated
with uniquely different emotional states?

James-Lange theory

According to the Cannon-Bard theory of emotion

you experience fear the same time your heart beings pounding

Which theory states that emotion results from the cognitive labeling of our physiological arousal?


The emotions of anger and fear involve similar

patterns of autonomic arousal

One problem with the use of the polygraph for lie detection is that

anxiety, irritation, and guilt feelings all prompt similar physiological reactivity.

Whether we feel angry or depressed in response to a low exam grade depends on whether we attribute the poor grade to
an unfair test or to our own low intelligence. This best illustrates that emotions are influenced by

cognitive appraisals

Which of the following emotional reactions is most likely to precede any conscious thinking?


The facial expressions associated with particular emotions are

the same throughout the world

As a member of the diplomatic corps, Alex was given special training in the customs, language, and religions of the
nonindustrialized country where he would be living. However, Alex probably needed little training to correctly interpret
his hosts' expressions of emotion as revealed by their

facial expressions

Researchers have found that people experience cartoons as more amusing while holding a pen with their teeth than
while holding it with their lips. This best illustrates the

facial feedback effect

Patients reportedly feel less depressed following between-the-eyebrows Botox injections that immobilize their frown
muscles. This best illustrates the

facial feedbaack effect

In experiments with adult monkeys who were fearful of snakes and their offspring who were not, Susan Mineka
discovered that the younger monkeys developed a fear of snakes through the process of

observational learning

If intense fears of specific objects disrupt people's ability to cope, they are said to experience


People report that they are especially likely to experience anger when they are harmed by an event that is perceived as


A television producer believes that violent TV programs provide viewers an opportunity to reduce their own anger
through fantasy. The producer appears to accept the

catharsis hypothesis

Experts suggest that an intensely angry person should

take time to let the anger and emotional arousal subside

A sense of satisfaction with life is known as

subjective well-being

A 21-year-old student undergoing treatment for Hodgkins disease was elated when he learned that he was cancer free.
Although his subsequent day-to-day emotions fluctuated in response to daily events, during the ensuing month, on
average, his emotions

returned to nearly the same level as they were during the month before the good news

Research on the well-being of Americans indicates that the

increase in the buying power of Americans over the past 40 years has provided no apparent boost to Americans'
personal happiness

When Mrs. Van Dyke first acquired a new luxury car, she was ecstatic. After several months, however, she took the car
for granted and it gave her little sense of emotional excitement. This change in her feelings can best be explained in
terms of

the adaptation-level phenomenon

You were happy with your grade of B on the psychology test until you learned that almost everyone else in the class
received an A. This illustrates that happiness is influenced by

relative deprivation

Research suggests that people experience the most happiness when they are

absorbed in challenging activities

Health psychologists are LEAST likely to focus attention on

the role of bacteria in producing illness

A stressor is a(n)

environmental event that threatens or challenges us

Hypertension rates are high among

residents in impoverished areas

The greatest number of deaths in North America today result from

heart disease

Who is the best example of a Type A personality?

Mara, an irritable, impatient teacher

Who is the best example of a Type B personality?

Mauriucca, a relaxed, understanding social worker

The characteristic that most clearly contributes to the disease vulnerability of Type A personalities is their feelings of


Who would be MOST susceptible to heart disease?

Marvin, an impatient lawyer who often becomes irritated with family and friends over insignificant matters

Natural killer cells are part of the body's

immune system

AIDS is a disorder of the

immune system

Using emotional, behavioral, or cognitive methods to alleviate stress is known as


To alleviate the stress of long work hours, Phara has arranged a more convenient work schedule with her employer.
Phara's behavior best illustrates

problem-focused coping

Research has indicated that rats become more vulnerable to ulcers when exposed to ________ shock.


Some studies suggest that stress is defused and the immune system is strengthened by

mirthful humor

Research participants who received nasal drops laden with a cold virus were least likely to catch a cold if they had

positive social ties

The growth of new brain cells in mice has been found to be promoted by


Some paralyzed humans have learned to bring their blood pressure under conscious control by means of


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