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PHIL 101 test 4
Terms in this set (25)
What would Mary Daly say about the image of God the Father?
It perpetuates the polarization of human qualities built into the traditional sexual stereotypes.
What is the central doctrine of the Upanishads?
The identity of Brahman and Atman.
What is the main cause of human suffering, according to Siddhartha Gautama?
ignorance and selfish craving
What is true, moral freedom, according to the later Rousseau?
Obedience to the general will.
What is the form of the ideal state, according to Plato?
It is an aristocracy ruled by an elite group of intellectually superior individuals.
Which is not a characteristic of the Tao, for Taoists?
man can improve it
What do samurai warriors believe in?
a. Winning beforehand.
b. Being a complete man, both scholar and warrior.
c. Being self-reliant and prepared for anything.
d. All of the above.
Which did Harriet Taylor support?
The toleration of nonconformist thought and lifestyles
According to Leibniz, what is the sufficient reason for the changing of the seasons?
What Mahayana Buddhist view did Murasi Shikibu object to?
Women must wait for reincarnation as a male before they can achieve enlightenment
According to Confucius, this principle governs both the well-ordered family and the well-ordered state.
The principle of the Mean.
What did Anselm believe about proving God's existence?
You could do it using just the concept of God as the greatest being conceivable.
What is truth, for Soren Kierkegaard?
How you live if it is with passionate commitment.
What is not true of Hinduism?
It has no scriptures or holy writings.
What kind of an argument did Kant use to justify the rationality of belief in God?
Given his epistemological standards, what characteristic must all of Descartes arguments for God possess?
They must yield conclusions that are absolutely certain.
What is not true of the natural law, for St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas?
When there is a conflict between it and human law, human law takes precedence
In which of the following was the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws unconstitutional established?
Marbury v. Madison
How did mystical experience compare with reason as a source of knowledge about God, according to Julian of Norwich?
It is as valid a source of knowledge as reason is.
What is the form of the ideal state for Aristotle?
d. Another trick question! Aristotle didn't think there is any single form that the ideal state must take.
Why didn't Immanuel Kant think that existence is a property or characteristic of a thing?
A characteristic always adds something to the concept of a thing, but existence does not do this.
Karl Marx viewed history as the struggle between two classes. What are they?
. A dominant class that owns and controls the means of production and a subordinate class that doesn't.
What must one do to discover ultimate reality and truth, according to Hui Neng, sixth patriarch of Ch'an Buddhism?
Give up false attachments and selfish interests.
Which would Mencius say true happiness consists in?
Seeing parents and family alive and well and free from anxiety
John Stuart Mill believed that
one should seek general happiness
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