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41 terms

Psych 7A Chapter 15

STUDY
PLAY
A trained therapist who uses psychological techniques to assist someone to overcome excessive anxiety would generally
be best described as a
psychotherapist
Schizophrenia is a disorder that is MOST likely to be treated with
biomedical therapies
Sigmund Freud introduced a form of psychotherapy known as
psychoanalysis
Psychoanalytic techniques are designed primarily to help patients
become aware of their repressed conflicts and impulses.
Psychoanalytic interpretation is designed to promote
insight
Which form of therapy is most likely to be described as expensive and time-consuming?
psychoanalysis
Humanistic therapists are most likely to
emphasize the importance of self-awareness for psychological adjustment
Which approach emphasizes the importance of providing patients with feelings of unconditional positive regard?
client-centered therapy
Client-centered therapists are most likely to
restate and seek further clarification of what clients say during the course of therapy
Repeatedly introducing people to things they fear and avoid is most characteristic of
exposure therapies
Systematic desensitization involves the use of
progressive relaxation
Virtual reality exposure therapy is most likely to prove effective in the treatment of
phobias
To treat nail biting, one can paint a patient's fingernails with a nasty-tasting nail polish. This procedure best illustrates
aversive conditioning
In which operant conditioning procedure are positive reinforcers given for desired behaviors?
a token economy
Mr. Quinones, a fifth-grade teacher, gives a blue plastic star to each student who achieves a high score on a math or
spelling test. At the end of the semester, students can exchange their stars for prizes. Mr. Quinones' strategy illustrates
an application of
operant conditioning
Teaching people to stop blaming themselves for failures and negative circumstances beyond their control is of most
direct concern to ________ therapists
cognitive
Natasha claimed that her failure to get A's in all her courses meant she was incompetent. Her therapist calmly
challenged this assertion, commenting, "By your mental calculations, well over 90 percent of all students are
incompetent!" The therapist's response was most typical of a ________ therapist.
cognitive
Cognitive therapists are most likely to emphasize that emotional disturbances result from
self-blaming and overgeneralized explanations of bad events.
The belief that no person is an island is the fundamental assumption of
family therapy
Research on the effectiveness of psychotherapy indicates that
clients are generally satisfied with the effectiveness of therapy.
Clients' perceptions of the effectiveness of psychotherapy are often misleading because clients
often need to convince themselves that they didn't waste their money on therapy
Therapists' perceptions of the effectiveness of psychotherapy are likely to be misleading because
clients typically emphasize their problems at the start of therapy and their well-being at the end of therapy
Which phenomenon refers to the tendency for extraordinary or unusual events to be followed by more ordinary events?
the placebo effect
Students who receive unusually low scores on their first psychology test can reasonably anticipate ________ scores on their second psychology test
somewhat higher
The best psychotherapy outcome studies are randomized clinical trials comparing treatment groups with ________
groups
control
Which of the following is a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different studies?
meta-analysis
Statistical summaries of psychotherapy outcome studies indicate that
no single form of therapy proves consistently superior to the others
Increasingly, insurer and government support for mental health services requires
evidence-based practice
Which of the following has been demonstrated to provide relief for those who suffer from seasonal affective disorder?
light exposure therapy
Three benefits attributed to all psychotherapies are
hope, a new perspective, and a caring relationship
Because she mistakenly thought that completing a diagnostic test was a therapeutic treatment for her anxiety disorder,
Mrs. Shyam felt considerable relief for several weeks following the test. Mrs. Shyam's reaction best illustrates
the placebo effect
Immigrants from Asia would most likely experience difficulty as clients of American psychotherapists who emphasize
the value of
individualism
Which therapeutic specialists are most likely to have received a Ph.D. degree in psychology?
clinical psychologists
A physician who specializes in the treatment of psychological disorders is called a
psychiatrist
Although Dr. Anderson uses systematic desensitization for the treatment of phobias, he prescribes antianxiety drugs as
well. It is most likely that Dr. Anderson is a
psychiatrist
The double-blind technique involves
a procedure in which neither patients nor health care staff know whether a given patient is receiving a drug or a
placebo.
Antipsychotic drugs have proved helpful in the treatment of
schizophrenia
Which of the following treatments is most likely to be used only with severely depressed patients?
drug therapy
Surgically cutting the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain is called
a lobotomy
Antidepressant drugs, a fresh perspective on his problems, and a strong therapeutic alliance all contributed to helping
David recover from a major depressive disorder. An integrated understanding of David's recovery process is best
provided by
a biopsychosocial approach
Aerobic exercise, adequate sleep, light exposure, and social engagement are important components of
therapeutic life-style change