Lexical Descriptions

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Synonym
a word which has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word
Prefix
a meaningful group of letters added to the beginning of a root or base word to make a new word which can be a different part of speech from the original word
false friend / (cognate)
a word in the target language which looks or sounds as if it has the same meaning as a similar word in the learners'' first language but does not
affix
a meaningful group of letters added to the beginning or end of a word to make a new word which can be a different part of speech from the original word
phrasal verb
a verb which is made up of more than one word (e.g. a verb + adverb particle or preposition) which has a different meaning from each individual word
homonym
a word with the same spelling as another word but which has a different meaning
word family
a group of words that are related to each other by their root or base word
suffix
a meaningful group of letters added to the end of a root or base word to make a new word which can be a different part of speech from the original word
antonym
the opposite of another word
lexical set
a group of words or phrases that are about the same content topic or subject
compound
nouns/verbs/adjectives/prepositions that are made up of two or more words with one unit of meaning
root word/base word
a basic word or part of a word from which other words can be made by adding a prefix or suffix or in some other way
collocation
words which are regularly used together. The relation between the words may be grammatical or lexical
idiom
a group of words that are used together in which the meaning of the whole word groups is different from the meaning of each individual word
homophone
a word which sounds the same as another word but has a different meaning or spelling
register
the formality or informality of the language used in a particular situation