Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
Evangelical Theology Dr. Castleman Exam 4 JBU
Terms in this set (44)
5th Century document. The Orthodox statement of Christology
The doctrine of hypostatic union supported by NT & earliest tradition of Christians who worshiped Jesus Christ as God and attested to by non-Christians of 2nd Century
Belief in a perfect union of 2 distinct but never separate natures-one human and one divine- in one integral, eternal divine person.
First time it came under criticism in Christian Church in 19th Century liberal Protestantism
6 main Christology heresies
Docetism, Adoptionism, Arianism, Apollinarianism, Nestoraniansim, Monophysitism
Denies true humantiy
Jesus Christ was only human but a very special human - one "adopted" by God as his special prophet and "son"
It is like a sophisticated form of adoptionsim...but it pushes the origin of Christ back before his birth as a baby in Bethlehem and claims that He was God's first and greatest creature but not God or equal with God.
Claims that Jesus was not one substance with the Father.
Jesus Christ did not have a human rational soul or spirit. He was a human body and the place of his human rationality and soul was filled with the divine word, the eternal son of God.
The incarnate Son, has two separate and distinct complete natures that seem to divide the person of Jesus into two persons working in harmony, a "moral union".
Mary bore the human son, but the divine Logos/Word/Son of God only did all the "God stuff", miracles, etc.
humanity of Jesus swallowed up by Son's divinity
therefore, he was a hybrid of humanity and divinity.
One person, two natures, with 4 fences. What are these fences?
This is a diverse Christian belief on Christology
It is the belief that Jesus had two natures and was one person but was also limited in knowledge and power because of a voluntary decision of self-restriction or self-limitation made by the son of God who became Jesus Christ.
Take care not to deny the divinity of the Son in the incarnation in this emptying
where in the Scripture is the explanation of Kenotic theology made most clear?
"two minds" or "two consciousnesses" theology
Denies any limitations of knowledge or power in Jesus and attaches two wills and two consciousnesses to his single person hood.
Take care not to suggest that Jesus Christ was really two persons (Nestorius)
What is right about the historical orthodox Christology revealed in the Scripture, affirmed in the early church and formulated in the Chalcedonian Definition?
In Jesus we begin to truly know God
In Jesus we begin to truly be human
What is the supreme Christological Council?
Council of Chalcedon
Torrance summarizes the role of the High priest with 5 distinct acts of mediation in both the OT through Christ in the NT. Name 2 of these roles of Jesus as seen in the Old and New Testament.
1. Represents people to the Father
3. Confesses Israel's sin
4. Bears Judgement
5. Returns to the Holy Place to bless the people till they meet again.
Irenaus's doctrine of recapitulation is best defined as
the fulfillment of God's purposes for humanity in and through the vicarious humanity of Jesus Christ.
Torrance discusses Christ Jesus mediation as a two-directional movement. Name the 2 terms used to explain this.
God-ward and human-ward
*GOD-> HUMANWARD (grace of God)
HUMANWARD ->GOD (faith & obedience through Christ Jesus)
Even repentance is a response to GRACE. It's ALL grace.*
Role of the High Priest Jesus (OT)
4. Bears judgement
Role of the High Priest Jesus (NT)
1. Comes as true priest to offer perfect worship/obedience
2. Consecrates himself
Perfects sanctification on our behalf
3. Offers himself as the sacrifice
Perfects suffering/sacrifice on our behalf
4. Leads the way into the Holy of Holies in the ascension
Perfects our humanity
5. Gives Grace as Shalom
Perfects our rest
NT and early church fathers settled in on 2 titles for Jesus Christ. What are they?
Savior and Lord
None of the Christological creeds set forth what Christians must believe about how Jesus Christ saves as a doctrine of atonement. T/F/
Outline 2 major challenges that are out-of-bounds concerning the saving work of Jesus Christ
1. It is not necessary -leads to secularism
2. It is insufficient- leads to sectarianism(God's Salvation is not enough and we need to do more.)
1.Luther's Theology of the Cross
2.Calvin's three offices
-In Christ Jesus, the suffering of man, the suffering of God
2. Prophet, Priest and King
Variations within the Christian conversation
Objective and subjective foci
Emphasis on "a" theory of atonement:
Ransom, satisfaction, moral influence, Christus Victor, penal substitution
Olson identified a famous American revivalist as a theological semi-Pelagian
*Semi-Pelagianism is different from Pelgianism because it acknowledges original sin.
According to semi pelagianism, despite original sin, humans can make an effort. It agrees with the statement that God helps those who help themselves.
Besides Semi-pelagianism, what is the second "out of bounds" alternative to the Christian consensus concerning salvation as gift and task.
All major Christian traditions over 2000 years of reflection and proclamation consider salvation as both gift and task.
Grace you are unaware of that is available to you before you get saved.
Salvation is both a gift and a task. Explain
It is gift from God and we humans have a responsibility to fulfill.
1. 1st century: Clement: salvation wholly God's mercy and grace.
2. 2nd century: Tertullian: even repentance is a work of grace
3. 3rd century: Cyprian(+) & the Donatists (--)
Restoration after renunciation under persecution???
4. 4th century: Augustine & Pelagius
Can the human person, unaided by Grace, initiate belief in the Gospel?
Semi-Pelagianism - defintion
1. Placing the initiative of salvation in the autonomous human will apart from any special, assisting and calling grace of God (prevenient grace)
2. Denial of prevenient grace is tantamount to denying original sin and salvation as unmerited grace.
Maintain the PARADOX of salvation (divine grace, human agency)
Denounced the semi-Pelagian compromise of medieval UNOFFICIAL functional theology that had emerged
Ultimate, unconditional reconciliation of all human beings with God
(Unitarian Universalists & some Protestant liberals)
Definition of salvation
The Gospel of salvation affirms the unconditional good news that fallen, alienated, corrupted and guilty human beings may receive forgiveness, reconciliation and inward renewal toward restoration of the image of God as a free gift through the simple appropriation process of receiving it by repentance and faith.
ordo salutis: 4 main interpretations within the boundaries of the historical Christian consensus:
belief that the work of salvation is entirely the work of God
Paul, Augustine, Calvin
belief that the work of salvation is based on human will and divine grace
Paul, Arminius, Erasmus
3. CATHOLIC/ EASTERN ORTHODOX
Process of faith and works of love; elevates the sacraments and tends to inflate sanctification
By Grace alone through faith alone; elevates faith and tends to inflate justification
Tends to divide in a friendly manner between synergism and monergism
significance of Baptism
1. The work of the Tri-personal God in salvation history
2. A covenantal relationship founded in God's Grace
3. A sharing of Christ Jesus' ONE baptism
He takes our guilt, welcomes us as the Father's children by the Spirit, and initiates us into the body of Christ
significance of The Lord's Supper
Communion with the Father through the Sonship of Christ Jesus
A meeting of earthly and heavenly worship
In union with Christ by the Spirit, our worship and fellowship is acceptable to God
Consecration in Communion
*Participation, Memory & Communion
A practice of the presence and absence of Jesus by the Spirit
In the presence of Word the Spirit draws God close to us in the sacrament
And draws us up, lifts us, up to God*
The terms in the Apostle's Creed that summarizes the Church
The church is the communion of saints,
will be resurrected and
will experience life everlasting with Christ Jesus.
Be able to summarize the Roman Catholic, Lutheran, and Reformed theologies of the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, including terms, initial church leaders. Also know how the Anabaptists understand this practice.
Roman Catholic: Transubstantiation: Bread and wine become the actual physical body and blood.The church leader was Aquinas
Lutheran View: Consubstantiation: Christ is present and part of the experience of communion. Church leader of this thought is Luther.
Calvinist/Reformed Tradition - Spiritual but not bodily presence of Christ,
Anabaptist do not put as much weight into this particular sacrament. They see it as a tradition to remember Christ's sacrifice, but it is not held as highly as a form of worship.
What are the three dynamics of the sacraments according to Torrance?
Participation (84): By grace we are given to participate in the life, ministry, sufferings, death, resurrection and continual intercessions of him who is the head of the body.
Memory (84-7): So the church as a royal priesthood is called in the name of Christ and under Christ to be a living memorial. By bearing the needs of the world on our hearts, we call for the Father to remember all his creatures- and are a constant reminder to the world that this world is Christ's by right of creation and redemption.
Recognizing that what we are today is b/c of what God did for us then.
Communion (87): Communion w/ the Father through the Sonship of Christ
doffrence between pelagianism and semi pelagianism
Pelagianism-people had the ability to fulfill the commands of God by exercising the freedom of human will apart from the grace of God.
semi pelagiansim - did not deny original sin and its effects upon the human soul and will, but it taught that God and man cooperate to achieve man's salvation. This cooperation is not by human effort as in keeping the law but rather in the ability of a person to make a free will choice.
• Know the 3 atonement terms and definitions, offices of Christ, and grace given to church and believer through the atoning work of Christ.
Office of Christ: Cross
Doctrinal Telos: Justification
Theory: Moral Exemplar/ Representative
Office of Christ: Prophet
Doctrinal Telos: Sanctification
Theory: Christus Victor
Office of Christ: King
Doctrinal Telos: Glorification
Sets found in the same folder
Evangelical Theology Dr. Castleman JBU Exam 2
Evangelical theology test 5- castleman
Evangelical Theology Exam 3
JBU Evangelical Theology Section 4
Other sets by this creator
personal financial planning JBU FINAL
Personal Financial Planning Midterm
JBU masterpieces of literature- Pastoor- Midterm
Gatlin JBU Strategic Management Chapter 4
Recommended textbook solutions
America's History for the AP Course
Eric Hinderaker, James A. Henretta, Rebecca Edwards, Robert O. Self
The Language of Composition: Reading, Writing, Rhetoric
Lawrence Scanlon, Renee H. Shea, Robin Dissin Aufses
Byron Almen, Dorothy Payne, Stefan Kostka
Technical Writing for Success
Darlene Smith-Worthington, Sue Jefferson
Other Quizlet sets
AFAA missed questions
Hematology Rotation Section One
Ferry Test 3