14 terms

Organelles in a cell and what they do


Terms in this set (...)

the organelle that contains the cell's DNA and is the control center of the cell. It knows how to make the cell's proteins- which sends messages
holds all information about the cell
this makes all of the cell's ribosomes
the organelle in which amino acids are hooked together to make proteins- which then communicates
endoplasmic reticulum
the organelle that makes lipids, breaks down drugs and other toxic substances, and packages proteins for the Golgi complex which the ribosomes on part of it makes
the organelle that breaks down food molecules to make ATP in the process of cellular respiration. THE MAIN POWER SOURCE FOR THE CELL
the organelle that uses the energy of sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to make food (glucose)
Golgi complex
the organelle that processes, packages and transports proteins and other materials out of the cell by having it pinch of in small vesicles from it. Also lipids and proteins are delivered to it
Large central vacuole
the organelle that stores water and other materials; everything else that needs to be stored in the plant
stores digestive enzymes
the organelle that digests food particles, wastes, cell parts, and foreign invaders. Destroys damaged or worn-out organelles
cell membrane
a phospholipid layer that surrounds the cytoplasm and controls what goes in and comes out of a cell
cell wall
this is only in plant cells. It gives support to the cell and protects it. maintains its shape. it is what gives veggies their crispiness
keeps the cell membranes from collapsing and helps them retain shape. Supports the cell. it helps them move