Says that lodging for soldiers in private homes is only permissible with the consent of the owner.
Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and requires a warrant if there is a probable cause or reason to believe that a search will produce evidence of a crime.
Outlines legal rights of people in criminal proceedings. Before being brought to trial for a felony, a person must be charged with a specific crime. Persons may not be tried twice for the same crime. A person can not be forced to give testimony against himself in court. Persons accused of a crime are entitled to due process - that is, a fair hearing or trail. The government may not seize private property for public use without paying the owner a fair market price.
Protects the rights of people in criminal cases and guarantees the right to a speedy and public trial. The accused must be told the charges against him and must be allowed to have a lawyer.
Preserves the right of trial by jury in civil cases or cases involving parties contesting private matters.
Forbids unreasonably high ball to be set by courts. Also, punishment may not be cruel or unusual.
Provides that the people retain certain rights, even though the Constitution does not specifically list them.
Says that powers not given to the federal government belong to the states. This amendment limits the power of the federal government.
States that the President and Vice-President begin their new terms on January 20; members of Congress begin on January 3