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20 terms

amendments (history final)

Bill of Rights and the 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd and 26th amendments
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1st amendment
Guarantees and protects freedoms of religion, assembly, press, petition, and speech.
2nd amendment
Gives state militias the right to bear arms or keep weapons.
3rd amendment
Says that lodging for soldiers in private homes is only permissible with the consent of the owner.
4th amendment
Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and requires a warrant if there is a probable cause or reason to believe that a search will produce evidence of a crime.
5th amendment
Outlines legal rights of people in criminal proceedings. Before being brought to trial for a felony, a person must be charged with a specific crime. Persons may not be tried twice for the same crime. A person can not be forced to give testimony against himself in court. Persons accused of a crime are entitled to due process - that is, a fair hearing or trail. The government may not seize private property for public use without paying the owner a fair market price.
6th amendment
Protects the rights of people in criminal cases and guarantees the right to a speedy and public trial. The accused must be told the charges against him and must be allowed to have a lawyer.
7th amendment
Preserves the right of trial by jury in civil cases or cases involving parties contesting private matters.
8th amendment
Forbids unreasonably high ball to be set by courts. Also, punishment may not be cruel or unusual.
9th amendment
Provides that the people retain certain rights, even though the Constitution does not specifically list them.
10th amendment
Says that powers not given to the federal government belong to the states. This amendment limits the power of the federal government.
12th amendment
Requires that choices for President and Vice-President be designed as successful
13th amendment
Abolished slavery
14th amendment
Defines citizenship as all persons born or naturalized in United States
15th amendment
Declares that the right to vote cannot be denied because of race
18th amendment
Prohibits the manufacture, sale, and shipment of alcoholic beverages
19th amendment
Gives women the right to vote
20th amendment
States that the President and Vice-President begin their new terms on January 20; members of Congress begin on January 3
21st amendment
Repealed the 18th amendment
22nd amendment
Limits the President to serving two terms
26th amendment
Lowers the voting age to 18