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40 terms

practice final path health

STUDY
PLAY
A Colles' fracture results when:
the distal radius is broken
The itching associated with scabies results from:
the mites burrowing into the epidermis
Prostatic cancer usually metastasizes first to the:
bones
Joint involvement with rheumatoid arthritis is usually
bilateral small joints, symmetrical progression to other joints
With endometriosis, severe pain occurs with each menstrual cycle because of
inflammation around ectopic endometrial tissue
Amputation occurs frequently in diabetics because of
necrosis and infection in the legs
Which of the following is a common complication of leiomyomas?
abnormal bleeding such as menorrhagia
The bone pain caused by osteogenic sarcoma is described as
steady, severe, and persisting with rest as well as activity
Frequency occurs with benign prostatic hypertrophy because of
incomplete emptying of the bladder
Insulin shock may develop in a diabetic person because of:
strenuous exercise
Septic arthritis is distinguished by:
purulent synovial fluid present in a single, swollen joint
Which of the following statements apply to impetigo?
A. lesions usually appear on the hands and arms
B. the cause is usually a virus
C. the infection is highly contagious
D. scar tissue is common following infection
the infection is highly contagious
Which of the following does NOT usually develop as a complication of diabetes?
A. osteoporosis
B. nephropathy
C. impotence
D. peripheral neuropathy
osteoporosis
Rheumatoid arthritis eventually causes ankylosis and deformity because of:
A. skeletal muscle atrophy
B. fibrosis in the joint
C. altered alignment of bones
D. all of the above
D. all of the above
Characteristics of Cushing's syndrome include all of the following except:
A. heavy body and round face
B. atrophied skeletal muscle in the limbs
C. staring eyes with infrequent blinking
D. atrophy of the lymph nodes
staring eyes with infrequent blinking
Systemic effects of rheumatoid arthritis are manifested as:
A. nodules in various tissues, severe fatigue, and anorexia
B. headache, leukopenia, high fever
C. swelling and dysfunction in many organs
D. progressive fibrosis of a joint
nodules in various tissues, severe fatigue, and anorexia
Hyperparathyroidism causes
A. hypocalcemia
B. tetany
C. bone demineralization
D. deficit of Vitamin D
bone demineralization
Which of the following applies to diabetic macroangiopathy?
1. affects the small arteries and arterioles
2. is related to elevated serum lipids
3. leads to increased risk of myocardial infarctions and peripheral vascular disease
4. frequently causes damage in the kidneys
A. 1, 3
B. 1, 4
C. 2, 3
D. 2, 4
2, 3
Addison's disease results in:
A. elevated blood glucoselevels
B. high blood pressure
C. low serum potassium levels
D. poor stress response
poor stress response
Cryptorchidism may lead to:
infertility, testicular cancer
The characteristic lesions of herpes zoster include:
A. painful vesicles along a dermatome or cranial nerve pathway
B. several vesicles near the mouth
C. pustules on the trunk and neck
D. pruritic erythematous rash in body folds
painful vesicles along a dermatome or cranial nerve pathway
Pediculosis can be diagnosed by:
the presence of nits at the base of hair shafts
When a fracture is healing, the procallus or fibrocartilaginous callus:
serves as a splint across the fracture site
Hypocalcemia due to hypoparathyroidism causes
skeletal muscle twitching or spasm,
weak cardiac contraction
PID and subsequent infertility is frequently a complication of STDs such as
chlamydia
A type I hypersensitivity response to ingested substances causes
urticaria
All of the following statements apply to malignant melanoma except:
A. the malignant cell is a melanocyte
B. they present as nonpruritic purplish macules
C. the neoplasm grows rapidly and metastasizes early
D. the lesion is usually dark or multicolored with an irregular border
they present as nonpruritic purplish macules
Signs indicating a dislocation include
pain and tenderness
Which skin lesions are usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus?
furuncles, cellulitis, impetigo
Which of the following statements is true about goiter? It may develop with:
A. hyperthyroidism
B. hypothyroidism
C. lack of iodine in the diet
D. all the above
all the above
Which of the following would indicate hypoglycemia in a diabetic?
A. deep, rapid respirations
B. flushed dry skin and mucosa
C. thirst and oliguria
D. staggering, disorientation, and confusion
staggering, disorientation, and confusion
Visual impairment may develop in diabetics, primarily because of :
A. abnormal metabolism in the lens
B. macroangiopathy
C. neuropathy affecting cranial nerves
D. development of exophthalmos
abnormal metabolism in the lens
With diabetes mellitus, polyuria develops because of
glucosuria
A major predisposing factor to cervical cancer is
sexually transmitted diseases, particularly viral
Which of the following is correct about Duchenne's muscular dystrophy?
A. difficulty climbing stairs or standing up at 2 to 3 years of age
B. it involves only the legs and pelvis
C. skeletal muscle atrophy can be seen in the legs at an early stage
D. it cannot be detected in any carriers
difficulty climbing stairs or standing up at 2 to 3 years of age
With osteoarthritis, joint movement is limited by:
the osteophytes and irregular cartilage surface
Which of the following applies to carcinoma of the breast?
A. it presents as a tender, painful, firm nodule
B. tumor cells may demonstrate estrogen receptors on the membrane
C. occasionally, a genetic factor may have a small role in tumor development
D. the tumor is invasive but does not metastasize until very late
tumor cells may demonstrate estrogen receptors on the membrane
A raised, thin-walled lesion containing clear fluid is termed a
vesicle
In ankylosing spondylitis, progressive inflammation begins at the
joints between vertebrae
Persons with atopic dermatitis frequently have a family history of individuals with hay fever, asthma or other allergic conditions.
TRUE