53 terms

Primo Theory Level 10 Definitions

Musical terms found in the level 10 TMTA Whitlock state theory tests.
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Freedom to improvise or vary the tempo
alto
The second highest voice in four-part harmony
aria
A composition for solo voice
augmented interval
A perfect or major interval that has been increased by a half step
augmented second
An interval of a second having three half steps (C - D#)
augmented triad
A triad made up of two major thirds
bass
the lowest voice in four-part harmony
cadence
A resting point in the music
cantabile
In a singing style
chromatic scale
A twelve-tone scale built only of half steps
compound meter
A meter in which the beat can be subdivided into groups of three
diatonic scale
A scale with seven different tones
diminished interval
A perfect or minor interval that has been decreased by a half step
diminished triad
A triad made up of two minor thirds
dominant 7th chord
A major triad with a minor 7th added above the root, found on scale degree 5
half cadence
Any cadence which ends on the dominant triad (V)
harmonic minor scale
A minor scale that raises scale degree 7 a half step
invention
A short contrapuntal piece based on one theme
lento
A slow tempo
major interval
The intervals found in a major scale using scale degrees 1-2, 1-3, 1-6 and 1-7
marcato
Marked, emphasized
meter
The organizing pattern of strong and weak beats
minor interval
An interval which is a half step smaller than the corresponding major interval
monophonic music
A single line of melody
natural minor scale
A scale using the following whole and half step pattern: W-H-W-W-H-W-W
open harmony
Four-part harmony with an octave or more between the soprano and tenor
opera
A theatrical drama that is sung and set to music
overture
An orchestral composition used to introduce a large dramatic work
perfect interval
The set of intervals in the major scale using scale degrees 1-1, 1-4, 1-5, 1-8
phrase
Part of a melody which pauses or ends with a cadence
plagal cadence
A cadence consisting of the subdominant progressing to tonic, IV - I (iv - i)
polyphonic music
Music in which two or more melodies are heard at the same time
rondo form
A composition in which the first theme returns repeatedly (ABACAD etc.)
root position triad
A triad with its root as the lowest pitch
semplice
To play simply, without ornament
senza
Without
simple meter
A meter in which the beat can be subdivided into groups of two
soprano
The highest voice in four-part harmony
subito
Suddenly
syncopation
The emphasis of beats which are normally weak in a meter, an off-beat
tenor
The second lowest voice in four-part harmony
ternary form
A piece that has three parts (ABA form)
transposition
The performing or writing of music in a key other than the original key
troppo
Too much
voice-leading
The procedures governing the movement of voices in chord progressions
whole-tone scale
A six-tone scale built only of whole steps
symmetrical meter
The combination of two simple meters where the pulse cannot be divided into 2, 3 or 4 beats per measure
cadenza
A section in a composition that allows the performer to improvise or that is written in the style of an improvisation
first inversion
A triad that has its third as the lowest pitch triad
harmonic minor
A minor scale that raises scale degree 7 a half step scale
melodic minor scale
A minor scale that raises scale degrees 6 and 7 one half step ascending, and uses the natural minor form descending
prelude
A small composition that is usually followed by a larger composition in the same key
second inversion triad
A triad that has its fifth as the lowest pitch
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