54 terms

Primo Theory Level 11 Definitions

Musical terms found in Level 11 of the TMTA Whitlock state theory tests.
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ad libitum
Freedom to improvise or vary the tempo
alto
The second highest voice in four-part harmony
aria
A composition for solo voice
asymmetrical meter
The combination of two simple meters where the pulse cannot be divided into 2, 3 or 4 beats per measure
augmented interval
A perfect or major interval that has been increased by a half step
augmented second
An interval of a second having three half steps (C - D#)
augmented triad
A triad made up of two major thirds
ballet
A theatrical dance
bass
The lowest voice in four-part harmony
bi-tonal
The use of two different keys at the same time
cadenza
A section in a composition that allows the performer to improvise or that is written in the style of an improvisation
chromatic scale
A twelve-tone scale built only of half steps
church modes
Seven diatonic scales comprised of different arrangements of whole and half steps
close harmony
Four-part harmony with less than an octave or between the soprano and tenor
compound meter
A meter in which the beat can be subdivided into groups of three
con moto
With motion
counterpoint
The use of two or more melodic lines simultaneously
diatonic scale
A scale with seven different tones
diminished interval
A perfect or minor interval that has been decreased by a half step
diminished triad
A triad made up of two minor thirds
dominant seventh chord
A major triad with a minor 7th added above the root, found on scale degree 5
duet
A musical composition written for two performers.
first inversion
A triad that has its third as the lowest pitch triad
half cadence
Any cadence which ends on the dominant triad (V)
homophonic music
Melodic interest is concentrated in one line supported by an accompaniment.
interval inversion
Turning an interval upside down so that the lower tone becomes the higher or the higher tone becomes the lower tone
invention
A short contrapuntal piece based on one theme
meter
The organizing patterns of strong and weak beats
minor interval
An interval which is a half step smaller than the corresponding major interval
monophonic music
A single line of melody without any additional parts or accompaniment
open harmony
Four-part harmony with an octave or more between the soprano and tenor
opera
A theatrical drama that is sung and set to music
oratorio
A sacred theatrical drama that is sung but performed without action, costumes or scenery
overture
An orchestral composition used to introduce a large dramatic work
parallel keys
Major and minor keys that share the same tonic
perfect interval
The set of intervals in the major scale using scale degrees 1-1, 1-4, 1-5, 1-8
phrase
Part of a melody which pauses or ends with a cadence
plagal cadence
A cadence consisting of the subdominant progressing to tonic, IV - I (iv - i)
polyphonic music
Music in which two or more melodies are heard at the same time
prelude
A small composition that is usually followed by a larger composition in the same key
rondo form
A composition in which the first theme returns repeatedly (ABACAD etc.)
second inversion
A triad that has its fifth as the lowest pitch triad
semplice
To play simply, without ornament
sempre
Always
senza
Without
simple meter
A meter in which the beat can be subdivided into groups of two
soprano
The highest voice in four-part harmony
subito
Suddenly
tenor
The second lowest voice in four-part harmony
trio
A musical composition written for three performers
transposition
The performing or writing of music in a key other than the original key
troppo
Too much
voice-leading
The the procedures governing the movement of voices in chord progressions
whole tone scale
A six-tone scale built only of whole steps
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