51 terms

Primo Theory Level 12 Definitions

Musical terms found in the Level 12 TMTA Whiclock state theory tests
STUDY
PLAY
alto
The second highest voice in four-part harmony
aria
A composition for solo voice
asymmetrical meter
The combination of two simple meters where the pulse cannot be divided into 2, 3 or 4 beats per measure
atonal music
Music that lacks a key or sense of key center
augmented triad
A triad made up of two major thirds
ballet
A theatrical dance
bass
The lowest voice in four-part harmony
bi-tonal
The use of two different keys at the same time
church modes
Seven diatonic scales comprised of different arrangements of whole and half steps
close harmony
Four-part harmony with less than an octave between the soprano and tenor
compound interval
An interval that is greater than an octave
compound meter
A meter in which the beat can be subdivided into groups of three
counterpoint
The use of two or more melodic lines simultaneously
deceptive cadence
A cadence resolving from V to any chord other than the tonic. The listener expects a resolution which does not occur.
diatonic scale
A scale with seven different tones
diminished triad
A triad made up of two minor thirds
dominant seventh chord
A major triad with a minor 7th added above the root, found on scale degree 5
duet
A musical composition written for two performers
figured bass
A bass line under which numbers tell what intervals should be played over the bass notes
fugue
An imitative contrapuntal composition alternating exposition and episodic sections
half cadence
Any cadence which ends on the dominant triad (V)
half diminished seventh chord
A diminished chord with a minor seventh added above the root
homophonic music
A melody line supported by an accompaniment
interval inversion
Turning an interval upside down so that the lower tone becomes the higher or the higher tone becomes the lower tone
invention
A short contrapuntal piece based on one theme
monophonic music
A single line of melody
open harmony
Four-part harmony with an octave or more between the soprano and tenor
opera
A theatrical drama that is sung and set to music
oratorio
A sacred theatrical drama that is sung but performed without action, costumes or scenery
overture
An orchestral composition used to introduce a large dramatic work
parallel keys
Major and minor keys that share the same tonic
phrase
Part of a melody which pauses or ends with a cadence
plagal cadence
A cadence consisting of the subdominant progressing to tonic, IV - I (iv - i)
polyphonic music
Music in which two or more melodies are heard at the same time
prelude
A small composition that is usually followed by a larger composition in the same key
rondo form
A composition in which the first theme returns repeatedly (ABACAD etc.)
second inversion triad
A triad that has its fifth as the lowest pitch
sempre
Always
senza
Without
simple interval
An interval no greater than an octave
simple meter
A meter in which the beat can be subdivided into groups of two
soprano
The highest voice in four-part harmony
sonata-allegro form
A form consisting of three main sections: exposition, development and recapitulation
subito
Suddenly
tenor
The second lowest voice in four-part harmony
tonal music
Music that has a sense of key or tonic
trio
A musical composition written for three performers
transposition
The performing or writing of music in a key other than the original key
troppo
Too much
voice-leading
The the procedures governing the movement of voices in chord progressions
whole tone scale
A six-tone scale built only of whole steps
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...