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Ap Human Geography Chapter 5: language
Terms in this set (36)
Dialect ( page 158)
a regional varitey of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
Extinct Language ( page 158)
a language that was once used by people in daily activities, but is no longer used
Written symbols that are used for words
Isogoss ( page 158)
a boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
isolated language ( page 166)
ak language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family
language branch ( page 143)
a collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years age. Differences are not as extensive or as old as with language families.
language group ( page 143)
A collection of languages withing a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammer and vocabulary
lingua franca ( page 172)
a language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.
literary tradition ( page 143)
a language that is written as will as spoken
mono- bi- multi- linguality
you know... one, two, or many languages
official language (page 143)
the language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of buisness and publication of documents.
the conventional spelling system of a language
pidgin language ( page 173)
a form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocanulary of a lingua franca; used for comminictations among speakers of two different languages
standard language ( page 174)
the form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communication
The name of a place
the language that people around the world use for trading and other buisness. Usually the Lingua Franca
What are the Indo-European languages?
Germanic, Indo- Inranian, Baltic-Salic, Romance
the "truck" of the language. Where it all comes from.
Words from different languages combine
Nomadic Warrior hyppthesis
Kurgan people (russian) migrated from the steps in Russia. They took their cattle and migrated westward toward Europe. ( Proto- Indo- European)
Sedentary Farmer Hypothesis
Farmers from turkey diffused toward greece and onward to other European countries. ( Proto- Indo- European)
A language that is the result from mixing an indigenous language with the conlonized group's language.
Dialect of the West of United States
- westward movement from all of the other 3 dialects
Dialect of the North of United States
- Established by settlers from England
- puritans from East Anglia
- People from Southeastern England
Dialect of the South of United States
- People from southeastern England
- Deported Prisoners
- Indentured Servents
- Political and Religous Refugees
Dialect of the Midland of United States
- Quakers from North of England
- Scots and Irish
- German, Dutch, swedish
Received Pronunciation ( RP)
Basicly the upper class way in England of saying standard language
How did the English language spread
What does Isolation cause?
Two different languages
What is the difference between families and groups?
What do language groups form?
A language branch
What are the main languages spoke in south America
Spanish and Portugese
What branch is Russian from?
What group is English from?
What branch is English from?
What language has the most native speakers
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