50 terms

Primo Theory Level 5 Definitions

Musical terms found in Level 5 of the TMTA Whitlock state theory tests.
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andante
A tempo indicating a moderate 'walking speed'
accidental
A sharp, flat or natural sign
cadence
A resting point in the music
chord
Three or more tones sounding together
chromatic sign
Sharp, flat or natural signs; an accidental
crescendo
Growing louder, "cresc."
da capo
Repeat from the beginning
dal segno
Repeat from the point marked by a sign, usually
decrescendo
Growing softer, "cresc."
diminuendo
Growing softer, "dim."
dominant
The fifth tone of a scale, scale degree five
dominant triad
A triad built on the fifth scale degree
enharmonic notes
Notes which use more than one spelling for the same pitch
half step
The distance from one key to the very next key
harmonic interval
This type of interval occurs when two tones are played at the same time.
interval
The distance in pitch between two tones
keynote
The first pitch (degree) of a scale, tonic
key signature
The arrangement of sharps or flats after the clef sign
ledger line
Lines added above or below the staff to extend it
legato
Play in a smooth and connected manner
major scale
Eight stepping notes made up of the following half and whole step pattern: W-W-H-W-W-W-H
major triad
A triad which has four half steps (major 3rd) between the bottom and middle tone, and three half steps (minor 3rd) between the middle and top tone
melodic interval
This type of interval occurs when two tones are played in sequence, one after the other.
meter
The organizing pattern of strong and weak beats
mezzo forte
Moderately loud
mezzo piano
Moderately soft
moderato
A tempo a little faster than Andante
motive
A short, distinctive rhythmic or melodic idea used repeatedly
natural sign
A sign that cancels a sharp or flat
octave
An interval spanning a distance of eight tones
order of flats
The order in which flats appear in a key signature
order of sharps
The order in which sharps appear in a key signature
ornament
A note or notes added to "beat" notes of music, embellishing the music
pentachord
A series of five musical tones
pentatonic scale
A scale that has only five tones
pianissimo
Very soft
primary chords
Triads built on scale degrees 1, 4 and 5
scale
A sequence of stepping tones
second
A step
subdominant
The fourth tone of a scale, scale degree four
syncopation
The emphasis of beats which are normally weak in a meter, an off-beat
tempo
The speed of steady beats, moving in time
tetrachord
A scale of four tones
third
An interval of two steps, a skip
time signature
Two numbers, one on top of the other, that indicate the number of beats per measure and the note value that receives one beat.
tie
A curved line that connects two notes of the same pitch
tonic
The first pitch (degree) of a scale, same as 'keynote'
tonic triad
A triad built on the first scale degree
triad
A three note chord, stacked in thirds
whole step
An interval spanning two half steps (Ex. C to D)
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