41 terms

Primo Theory Level 8 Definitions

Musical terms found in the Level 8 TMTA Whitlock state theory tests.
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accelerando
Increasing in tempo gradually
animato
Animated, lively
arpeggio
A chord whose pitches are sounded one at a time
asymmetrical meter
The combination of two simple meters where the pulse cannot be divided into 2, 3 or 4 beats per measure
augmented second
An interval of a second having three half steps (C - D#)
cadence
A resting point in the music
cantabile
In a singing style
chromatic half step
A half step using the same letter name (C - C#)
compound meter
A meter in which the beat can be subdivided into groups of three
consonance
The mixing of sounds that blend well
diatonic half step
A half step spelled using two different letter names - a minor second (C - Db)
diatonic whole step
A whole step spelled using two different letter names - a major second (B - C#)
diminished triad
A triad made up of two minor thirds
dissonance
The mixing of sounds that do not blend well together, that produce a discord
dolce
Sweetly
double flat
Lowers a tone a whole step
double sharp
Raises a tone a whole step
first inversion triad
A triad that has its third as the lowest pitch
harmonic minor scale
A minor scale in which scale degree 7 is raised a half step
lento
A slow tempo
major interval
The intervals found in a major scale using scale degrees 1-2, 1-3, 1-6 and 1-7
marcato
Marked, emphasized
melodic minor scale
A minor scale in which scale degrees 6 and 7 are raised one half step when ascending and which takes the natural minor form descending
meter
The organizing pattern of strong and weak beats
minor interval
An interval which is a half step smaller than the corresponding major interval
minor second
An interval of a second having one half step (C - Db)
minor third
An interval with three half steps, spelled as a skip
natural minor scale
A scale using the following whole and half step pattern: W-H-W-W-H-W-W
octave
An interval of two notes that are eight steps apart and share the same name
perfect interval
The intervals found in a major scale using scale degrees 1-1, 1-4, 1-5, 1-8
piu mosso
More motion, quicker
root position triad
A triad with its root as the lowest pitch
second inversion triad
A triad that has its fifth as the lowest pitch
simple meter
A meter in which the beat can be subdivided into groups of two
subito
Suddenly
suite
A collection or set of pieces that are related to each other in some way
syncopation
The emphasis of beats which are normally weak in a meter, an off-beat
transposition
The performing or writing of music in a key other than the original key
triad root
The note a triad is built on, giving the triad its name
triad fifth
The highest pitch of a triad which is a fifth above the root
triad third
The middle pitch of a triad which is a third above the root
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