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AP US History time period 4
Terms in this set (49)
Revolution of 1800
Jefferson's name of 1800 election; signaled changed from Federalists to Jeffersonians
Judiciary act of 1801
Created new judgeships to be filled by the president
Marbury v. Madison
landmark case by the United States Supreme Court which forms the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution.
The Louisiana purchase was bought for $15 million from France doubling the territory of the United States. This helped remove friends from the western borders of the United states
Corps of Discovery
Official name of the Lewis and Clark Expedition members
Lewis and Clark
Expedition travel to the Louisiana purchase and the west. It departed from St. Louis and explored areas including the Missouri River, the Yellowstone River, and the Rockies. Expanded the United States expanded across North America and pursued foreign trade.
British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into military service
In 1807 was America's declaration to keep its own ships from leaving port for any foreign destination. Jefferson hope to avoid contact with vessels of either of the warring sides of the Honek Napoleonic wars. This caused an economic depression.
affair was a naval engagement that occurred off the coast of Norfolk, Virginia, on 22 June 1807, between the British warship HMS Leopard and the American frigate USS Chesapeake.
Macon's Bill No.2
law in the United States on May 14, 1810, was intended to motivate Great Britain and France to stop seizing American vessels during the Napoleonic Wars.
People in favor of the war of 1812.
Chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, John Marshall, who had almost no formal schooling and studied law for only six weeks, nevertheless remains the only judge in American history whose distinction as a statesman derived almost entirely from his judicial career.
War of 1812
Caused by British impressment of American sailors . Early achievements include William Henry Harrison success in Canada and Andrew Jackson charge in the south west, meant victory against British and American Indian forces.
Battle of New Orleans
Was a decisive conflict in which Andrew Jackson defeated the British, the battle was fought after the signing of the Treaty of Ghent.
Treaty of Ghent
peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Both sides signed it on December 24, 1814, in the city of Ghent, Belgium.
was a series of meetings from December 15, 1814 - January 5, 1815, in Hartford, Connecticut, United States, in which the New England Federalist Party met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812 and the political problems arising from the federal government's increasing .
a tariff to protect and promote American industry; a national bank to foster commerce; and federal subsidies for roads, canals, and other "internal improvements" to develop profitable markets for agriculture.
Era of Good Feelings
period in the political history of the United States that reflected a sense of national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans in the aftermath of the War of 1812.
legislation passed by the 16th United States Congress on May 8, 1820. The measures provided for the admission of Maine as a free state along with Missouri as a slave state, thus maintaining the balance of power between North and South.
McCulloch v. Maryland
The case determined that no state could control and agency of the federal government. Marylan tried to levy A tax on the local branch of the United States being to protect its own state banks. The judicial review overstay lawn made this a division of power case.
Strict vs. Loose Construction
strict:Constitution states that the government of the United States holds only those powers specifically granted to it by the Constitution;loose:interpretation of the Constitution posits that the government of the United States hold all powers that are not specifically denied to it by the Constitution.
Gibbons v. Ogden
1824 the case determined that only Congress may regulate interstate commerce including navigation Ogden received a monopoly to operate a steamboat between New York and New Jersey. New York granted him the monopoly through Robert Fulton and Robert Livingston.
Developed by President James Monroe it's stated that the United States would not allow foreign powers does damage new colonies in the Western Hemisphere or allow existing colonies to be influenced by the outside powers. America feared foreign powers/influence.
1824 Jackson won the popular vote but did not win the majority of the electoral vote, and as a result, the election went to the house of her present it is. There henry Clay through his support John Quincy Adams, who would go on to win the presidency. Jackson made an accusation of a corrupt bargain, but they are largely considered untrue
Was Andrew Jackson's method of turning over civil servants jobs to new government officials. "Rotation in office quotewas supposed to democratize government and lead to reform in by following the common people to run the government.
Tariff of Abominations/Nullification Crisis
This was a tariff bill with higher import duties for many goods bought my Southern planters. John call him, John Q Adams vice president anonymously protested his own leadership's bill, suggesting that a federal law harmful to an individual state could declare void within the state.
Indian Removal Act
Cherokees in Georgia claimed to be a sovereign political entity. They were required to give up their land to the east of the Mississippi and travel to a place now known as present day Oklahoma.
Trail of Tears
was the name given to the campaign begun by President Andrew Jackson in 1833 to destroy the Second Bank of the United States, after his reelection convinced him that his opposition to the bank had won national support.
renamed the American Party in 1855 and commonly known as the "Know Nothing" movement, was an American nativist political party that operated nationally in the mid-1850s.
machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds,
Between 1800 and 1860, this office saw the increase of patents from 306 to over 28,000.
Beautiful but short-lived American ships, replaced by "tramp steamers"
A system of messengers on horseback established in 1860 to carry mail across the United States.
an artificial waterway connecting the Hudson river at Albany with Lake Erie at Buffalo
invented the cotton gin
British man that brought ideas for the 1st factories to the U.S.
Invented the telegraph
Invented the steamboat
United States politician who as governor of New York supported the project to build the Erie Canal
belief in a God who created the world but has since remained indifferent to it.
Second Great Awakening
a revival of religious feeling and belief from the 1800s to the 1840s
Seneca Falls Convention
was the first women's rights convention. It advertised itself as "a convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman".
was a U.S. Quaker, abolitionist, a women's rights activist, and a social reformer. She had formed the idea of reforming the position of women in society when she was amongst the women
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
American leader in the women's rights movement who in 1848 formulated the first organized demand for woman suffrage in the United States.
Susan B. Anthony
was a pioneer crusader for the woman suffrage movement in the United States and president (1892-1900) of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Her work helped pave the way for the Nineteenth Amendment (1920) to
was an American activist on behalf of the indigent mentally ill who, through a vigorous program of lobbying state legislatures and the United States Congress, created the first generation of American mental asylums
The Father of American Education"," Horace Mann, was born in Franklin, Massachusetts, in 1796. Mann's schooling consisted only of brie
Henry David Thoreau
was an American essayist, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, and historian.