Terms in this set (26)
maladaptive, disruptive or uncomfortable patterns affecting self and others.
Deviant, unusual behavior patterns, especially with respect to thinking
Note: "eccentric" is abnormal; loud and obnoxious is abnormal, etc.
Sufficient, but not necessary mental state of disordered emotions.
A common occurrence cannot be considered to be pathologically abnormal.
A problem? Things that are infrequent but not pathological...
Cultural rules v. bizarre, unusual and sufficiently disturbing behavior
Synonymous with subjective distress but not completely...
Who suffers more, the individual or others?
The individual ALWAYS "suffers."
the practical approach
context and consequence
Does the behavior prevent or cause difficulty in fulfilling social roles?
Possession by gods or demons
Either innocent victims of spirits, moral deviants suffering supernatural punishment.
scientific method, actual testing
diathesis stress model
Predisposition X precipitating "trigger"
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
What all disorders have in common
A representative, reflective set of symptoms
The symptoms sets are blurry, fuzzy-edged
Results of creation of DSM:
Constant revisiting, reconsideration.
Adding and removing disorders.
formal definition of anxiety disorders
a common emotion involving physical symptoms, future-oriented thoughts, and escape or avoidance behaviors.
Direct, inseparable link between cognition and physical response systems
Main culprit is the sympathetic nervous system
Negative cognitions/subjective distress
Escape or avoidance behaviors
the anxiety-based or related list
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Trichotillomania, arachnophobia, etc. (related to O/C disorders)
Somatoform, Dissociative, & Factitious disorders
Somatization (somatoform) disorders
Symptoms - no cause.
Most common symptom? Pain.
"pseudoneurological" complaints/symptoms, i.e. motor or sensory dysfunction.
Body dysmorphic disorders
Amnesia, Fugue, and Identity
Adjustment Disorders v. Mood Disorders
The main formal disorders:
Biological (biochemical imbalance)
Major issue? Comorbidity.
Major complication? Addiction or habit.
gender and sexual disorders
Mostly revolve around sexual performance issues.
disorders of childhood and adolescence
Attention deficit - hyperactivity
Pervasive developmental disability
Autism spectrum disorders
Oppositional defiant disorder
Brief psychotic disorder
Shared psychotic disorder
aging and cognitive disorders
Depression & anxiety
Dementias & Alzheimer's: same thing?
Variety of potential causes:
Substance induced or substance abuse
Extremely wide range of treatments
Depression to schizophrenia
Inpatient - day treatment - traditional therapies
Psychoanalysis - contemporary psychodynamic - behavioral and cognitive behavioral