52 terms

Sectionalism (test 6)


Terms in this set (...)

What made Mormons different
They had an extra book, the book of Mormon
Causes of Mexican American War
1) US annexation of Texas 2)Manifest destiny 3) US wanted to buy land from Mexico, but they refused

Also the border dispute between Texas and Mexico (Rio grande vs naeo river)
issues 1840's - 1860's issues
Manifest Destiny & Slavery
Southern Culture
"king cotton" , plantation economy. Agricultural. Industry would upset southern culture.
Northern culture
industry and factory. shift towards ambition, individualism, materialism; sense of commonwealth and community disappears
49th parallel
Final compromise line that settled the Oregon boundary dispute in 1846. between Oregon and Canada
Lowell System
Method of factory management that evolved in the textile mills of Lowell, MA. Women worked in the factories for money for the dowries
Erie Canal (1825)
New Yorkers built the canal linking the Great Lakes with the Hudson River (363 mi)
1. Lowered the cost of transportation
2. Market changed areas
3. Increase in jobs and canal building
4. Merged western and northern ideals
5. Decreased the importance of new Orleans and made new York the biggest city
Four causes of the Mexican war
1. Annexation of Texas
2. stubbing of our envoy
3. Manifest destiny
4. Border Dispute
factory worker
Few unions, children worked in the factories and everyone worked 16 hrs a day
Democracy in America
Alexis de Tocqueville
- People praise individualism
- Care about religion more than Europe
- strong interest in politics
- Value personal freedoms
- Strong National pride
- Poor don't respect the wealthy
Slavery topic
Central government tried to back away many times (various compromises and popular sovereignty acts)
toms cabin witten by
Harriette Beecher stowe, came out around the time fugitive slave laws did and made the north hate the south more
John Brown
Demonstrated peaceful methods wouldn't work and people in the future protested in his example. John Browns Raid
Civil War
Maryland Kentucky and Missouri fought with the south, North tolerated slavery up into the civil war, they just didn't want it to spread.
Southerners who didn't own slaves supported slavery for the vision they could be plantation owners one day
culture for slaves
dancing, music, religion(limited), had their own preachers until nate Turner Rebellion
The Liberator
William Lloyd Garrison's abolitionist newspaper, launched in 1831
issue on slavery
"Should it be extended into the territories"
Dread Scott vs. Sanford
"Scott is not free because he is a descendent of a slave" ----- "Congress has no authority to controll slavery in the territories or any state"
South wanted to spread slavery so it would be harder to abolish
The South Cedes
Prior to Lincoln becoming president (during Buchanan)
Gag Rule 1836
wanted to stop all discussion of abolition and slavery in congress. no one can petition slavery, goes against the Constitution (right to petition)
Kansas Nebraska Act 185
law that allowed voters in Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether to allow slavery(popular sovereignty)
Wilmot Proviso (1846)
Demanded that slavery not be allowed in the new territory gained from Mexico.
Fun Fact
80% of Southerners didn't own slaves
A grant of legal freedom to an individual slave. Most were sent back to Africa (Libia)
Nat Turner's Rebellion
a slave rebellion led by Nat Turner that took place in Virginia in 1831. Turner got vision from "God" to slaughter whites and spreads this Rebellion through churches
Nat Turner Rebellion consequences
. Slaves could only have white preachers
. They had a much lower education
Lincoln election
.9 states didn't put his name on the ballot
.North senators like tarrifs and southern ones liked slavery so they worked together with both
Whigs (Henry clay)
Like tarrifs and American plan
Corrupt Bargain of 1824
The _____ was when Henry Clay helped John Quincy Adams steal the presidency and Adams gave clay the job secretary of state
Kansas Nebraska Act
supported by Steven Douglas, splits Nebraska territory into two states (Kansas and Nebraska)
Seneca Falls Convention (1848)
the first national women's rights convention at which the Declaration of Sentiments was written. in NY. organization of women's rights
Declaration of Sentiments
Document signed by 100 attendees at the Seneca Falls Convention.
Maysville Road
Jackson opposed it because Federal Government shouldn't pay for intrastate projects. Road in Kentucky Henry clay was trying to pass
The Great Compromise
settled the question of congressional representation.
1. Strict fugitive slave laws
2. California came in as a free state
3. No more slave trade in DC
4. popular Sovereignty
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
occurred between 2 people, 7 times in 1858 about the issue of slavery. Lincoln runs against Douglas for senator and makes Douglas take a stance about slavery that he doesn't care either way
Cooper Union
newly established art and engineering college in New York City. Amazing thing to be called to the Cooper union to speak
Specie Circular 1836
Jackson issued an order requiring payment for public lands only in gold or silver, an attempt to fix the National Bank mistake
American System
policies devised by Henry Clay to stimulate the growth of industry
1. Infrastructure
2. Protective tarrifs
3. National Bank
Post Jackson
Common man gets a voice in government (age of the common man)
Panic of 1837
A financial crisis in the United States that led to an economic depression.
. Under President Martin Van Buren
. Helped the first whig president win (Harrison)
. If the economy is bad the person doesn't get re elected
. Caused by Jackson (ending national Bank)
. Lasted +5 years
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
Monroe stated that the era of colonization in the Americas was over.
1. Europe is forbidden to spread in the U.S
2. Europe can collect depth from Latin American colonies
3. if owned depts other can take Buisness but not the country
Know Nothings
the American Party; anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic led to liberty party
Worchester v. Georgia
supreme court ruled that georgia law could not be enforced in the cherokee nation
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
first attempt of Cherokees to gain complete sovereign rule over their nation
First Great Awakening
religious movement that swept through the colonies in early time
witch trials
evangelical teaching
thought that Jesus was coming back on oct 22 1844, now 7th day adventists.
William Miller
predicted world was going to end 1884
Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Theore. Believed in self reliance and individualism
Utopian Communities
groups of people who tried to form a perfect society
believed in economic corporation from their members