Ch. 4 Culture/Folk v. Popular Culture
Terms in this set (43)
Cargo Cult Pilgrimage
Cargo Cult's believe western goods have been traded to them by ancestral spirits. It takes place in Melanesia and is important HG concept because it's a big religious movement by a large number of people.
A representative act of a group, performed to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group. A habit that a group has widely adopted.
A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom.
The exchange of cultural features that results when groups come into continuous firsthand contact.
The process whereby a minority group gradually adopts the customs and attitudes of the prevailing culture.
houses that reflect cultural heritage, current fashion, functional needs, and the impact of environment. The form of each house is related in part to environmental as well as social conditions.
composed anonymously and transmitted orally. A song that is derived from events in daily life that are familiar to the majority of the people; songs that tell a story or convey information about daily activities such as farming, life cycle events, or mysterious events such as strorms and earthquakes.
The study of how human society has adapted to enviromental challenges.
Is the way people catogorize there culture, sometimes by the way they dress and what they eat ect.
The spreading of cultural traits from one society to another
The diffusion of new ideas
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
A related set of culture traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.
Adjusting a translation based on the cultural environment of the target language.
Cultural core/periphery pattern
The core-periphery idea that the core houses main economic power of region and the outlying region or periphery houses lesser economic ties.
The place name of a region or language. The study of such place names
traditional building styles of different cultures, religions, and places
The traditional beliefs, myths, tales, and practices of a people, transmitted orally.
The physical objects created by a culture; the buildings, tools, and other artifacts created by the members of a society
The doctrine that all social, cultural, political, and intellectual forms are determined by or result from such economic factors as the quality of natural resources , productive capability, technological development, or the distribution of wealth.
An organized group of of persons associated together for religious, benevolent, cultural, scientific, political, patriotic, or other purposes.
A repetitive act that a particular individual performs
The look of housing, effected by the available materials,the environment the house is in, and the popular culture of the time.
Place of origin of a major culture
A collection of interacting elements taken together shape a group's collective identity. Includes traits, territorial affiliation, shared history, and more complex elements, like language
Local life style, traditional culture in a small area
Food eaten in a special way of a small area, usually something in the area
poor or inadequate adaptation that occurs when a group pursues an adaptive strategy that, in the short run, fails to provide the necessities of life or, in the long run, destroys the environment that nourishes it
succeeding stages of human inhabitation over time on one site
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
The belief that the culture in which we are raised determines who we are at emotional and behavioral levels.
The exchange and mixture of different cultures around the world.
A now outdated theory that the environment is the sole determining factor in how a society develops. It is the opposite of possibilism.
An action or process that takes place on a world-wide scale.
A slower rate of change in a society as compared with others; the failure of the nonmaterial culture to keep up with developments in the material culture.
A component of cultre that consists of the intangible or abstract human creations of society that influence people's behavior (such as taboos, ideas about right & wrong, etc).
Culture that is a product of more developed countries (large, heterogeneous societies); diffuses rapidly through modern communication systems and creates a more uniform landscape.
The fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group. In other words, it is the man-made or built environment.
The entire region that displays the characteristics of a culture. For example, Latin America is a cultural realm because the entire region speaks a language based on Latin (i.e., the Romance languages).
The body of customary beliefs, material traits (clothing, housing, food), and social forms that make up the distinct traditions of a group of people.
A portion of the Earth's surface occupied by a population sharing recognizable and distinctive cultural characteristics.
The varying attitudes and ideas that culture groups have regarding how space, place, and territory are identified and used.
An environment that has developed as a result of a specific culture group's economic and social activities.