41 terms

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an adult with recurrent blood stream infections with no sexual history
complement deficiency
vitamin B-12 deficiency is associated with
pernicious anemia
antibodies in the islet of the cells of the pancreas result in
diabetes mellitus
used to treat anaphylactic shock
epinephrine
inflammation of the nose due to an allergen is known as
allergic rhinitis
HIV's rapid resistance to antiviral mono therapy is due to its high mutation rate
True
in the united states the highest incidence of HIV is found in
African Americans
When HIV first enters the body it infects
dendritic cells
killing a vegetative cells, but not spores on an inanimate object
disinfection
heating water and holding it at a high temperature
boiling
the treatment of something with the use of semi permeable membrane is
filtration
three main mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance
heat, filtration, and radiation
antibiotic that damages cell membrane
polymixins
an antibiotic that inhibits nucleic acid function (DNA Replication)
Rifampin
an antibiotic that inhibits cell wall synthesis
pencillins
an antibiotic that inhibits folic acid synthesis- often used in combination
sulfonamides and trimethoprim
antibiotic that is only active under anaerobic conditions
metronidazole
treat eye infections and CMV infections or other immune compromised
Gangcyclovir
treat RSV in infants with
Ribovirin
Fluconazole is an
antifungal
inflammation of the urinary bladder is
cystitis
how do you treat an gig antibody deficiency
IVIG
HIV mainly infects which cells
T cells
circumcision will reduce HIV transmission by
40%
The proper way to sterilize something is
autoclaving
the bacteria stop growing in the presence of the antibiotic
they are tolerant
antibiotic that inhibits DNA replication
quinolones
what can you treat an influenza A infection with
oseltamivir
green pus coming from the nose can be a sign of
sinusitis
factors that effect the effectiveness of an antimicrobial used to disinfect a surface
D- duration of exposure
E- endospore formation
C- concentration
E- environmental factors
N- number of microbes
T- temperature
about 10% of HIV patients die within a few years of infections without treatment
true
for people who are at high risk of acquiring HIV it is now recommended that they take
Tenofvir
Inflammation of the nose due to an allergen is known as
allergic rhinitis
killing of vegetative cells, but not spores, on a biological surface
antisepsis
the use of chemicals to prevent the spoiling of food is generally known as
preservation
the use of moist heat to kill vegetative cells, but not endospores
boiling and pasteurization
gamma radiation is known as
ionizing radiation
the bacteria stop growing in the presence of the antibiotic are
tolerant
Emil von Behring and Shibasaburo Kitassato discovered
antibodies to diphtheria
an antibiotic that inhibits mycolic acid is
isoniazid
an antibiotic that inhibits protein synthesis
oxazolidone
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