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133 terms

Medical Terminology Unit 2 combining forms and suffixes

Medical Terminology Unit 2 combining forms and suffixes for musculoskeletal system and digestive system
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calc/o, calci/o
calcium
kyph/o
hunchback
lamin/o
lamina (part of vertebral arch)
lord/o
curve, swayback (curving inward in lumbar region)
lumb/o
loins, lower back
myel/o
bone marrow
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
scoli/o
crooked, bent (lateral curvature)
spondyl/o (refers to conditions of structure), vertebr/o (describe structure)
vertebra
-blast
embryonic or immature cell
-clast
to break
-listhesis
slipping
-malacia
softening
-physis
to grow
-porosis
pore, passageway
-tome
instrument to cut
acetabul/o
acetabulum
calcane/o
calcaneus (heel)
carp/o
carpals (wrist bones)
clavicul/o
clavicle
cost/o
rib
crani/o
cranium or skull
femor/o
femur
fibul/o
fibula
humer/o
humerus
ili/o
ilium
ischi/o
ischium
malleol/o
malleolus
mandibul/o
mandible
maxill/o
maxilla
metacarp/o
metacarpals
metatars/o
metatarsals
olecran/o
olecranon (elbow)
patell/o
patella (knee cap)
pelv/i
pelvis
perone/o
fibula
phalang/o
phalanges
pub/o
pubis
radi/o
radius (forearm bone, thumb side)
scapul/o
scapula
stern/o
sternum
tars/o
tarsals
tibi/o
tibia (shin bone)
uln/o
ulna (forearm bone pinky side)
-ostosis
condition of bone
chondr/o
cartilage
arthr/o
joint
sequestr/o
necrotic bone tissue
-desis
binding, fixation
-poiesis
formation, production
fasci/o
fascia (forms sheaths enveloping muscles)
fibr/o
fibrous connective tissue
leiomy/o
smooth muscle
my/o
muscle
myocardi/o
heart muscle
myos/o
muscle
plant/o
sole of the foot
rhabdomy/o
skeletal muscle connected to bones
sarc/o
muscle and flesh
-asthenia
lack of strength
-trophy
development, nourishment
ab-
away from
ad-
toward
dorsi-
back
poly-
many, much
an/o
anus
append/o, appendic/o
appendix
bucc/o
cheek
cec/o
cecum
celi/o, lapar/o, abdomin/o
belly, abdomen
cheil/o, labi/o
lip
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
common bile duct
col/o, colon/o
colon, large intestine
dent/i, dent/o
tooth
duoden/o
duodenum
enter/o
intestines, usually small intestines
esophag/o
esophagus
faci/o
face
gastr/o
stomach
gingiv/o
gums
gloss/o, lingu/o
tongue
hepat/o
liver
ile/o
ileum
jejun/o
jejunum
mandibul/o
lower jaw, mandible
odont/o
tooth
or/o, stomat/o
mouth
palat/o
palate
pancreat/o
pancreas
peritone/o
peritoneum
pharyng/o
throat
proct/o
anus and rectum
pylor/o
pyloric sphincter
rect/o
rectum
sialaden/o
salivary gland
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
uvul/o
uvula
amyl/o
starch
bil/i, chol/e
gall, bile
bilirubin/o
bilirubin (bile pigment)
chlorhydr/o
hydrochloric acid
gluc/o, glyc/o
sugar
glycogen/o
glycogen, animal starch
lip/o, steat/o
fat, lipid
lith/o
stone
prote/o
protein
sial/o
saliva, salivary
-ase
enzyme
-chezia
defecation, elimination of wastes
-iasis
abnormal condition
-prandial
meal
eti/o
cause
idi/o
unknown
chol/e
bile
cholangi/o
bile vessel
-ectasis, -ectasia
stretching
-emesis
vomiting
-lysis
breakdown
-pepsia
digestion
-phagia
eating
-plasty
surgical repair
-ptosis
prolapse
-ptysis
spitting
-rrhagia, -rrhage
bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhaphy
suture
-rrhea
discharge
-spasm
contraction of muscles
-stasis
controlling
-stenosis
stricture
-tresia
opening
-tripsy
to crush