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79 terms

Chapter 12 Skin: Integumentary system

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Fat cells are also called
lipocytes
A large irregular area of a purplish discoloration due to bleeding under the skin larger than 10mm is also known as
ecchymosis
Infestation with lice is also called
pediculosis
Benign superficial wart like growth on the epithelial tissue or elsewhere in the body is called
papilloma
Autoimmune disorders in which the connective tissues become thickened and hardened is also
scleroderma
An injury to the underlying tissues without breaking or tearing the skin aka bruise
contusion
Inflammation of the hair follicle is called
folliculitis
Abnormal condition of a fungal infection of the nail is called
onychomycosis
Maliformation of the nail in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out like a spoon (aka spoon nail)
koilonychia
Nail biting is also known as
onychophagia
The medicl term for itching is also known as
pruritis
Overgrowth of the tissues of the nose is also called
rhinophyma
Which term describes a torn and jagged wound?
laceration
Which form of skin cancer is derived from cells capable of forming melanin?
malignant melanoma
Which chronic disorder is characterized by itching and by red papules covered with silvery scales?
psoriasis
Which degree of burn involves blisters and damage to the epidermis and dermis?
second
Which condition is a closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material?
cyst
Which term means abnormal hairiness?
hirsutism
Which condition is a raised birthmark made up of newly formed blood vessels?
strawberry hemangioma
An infection with itch mites
scabies
Which term describes a torn or jagged wound, or an accidental cut wound?
laceration
Which procedure is also known as a skin graft?
dermatoplasty
Which condition involves tissue death that is usually associated with a loss of circulation?
gangrene
The destruction or elimination of abnormal tissue cells through the application of extreme cold
cryosurgery
Which chemical causes the signs of an allergic response when it is released in response to allergens?
histamine
The term that describes the removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound
debridement
The medical term for baldness
alopecia
An autoimmune disorder resulting in whitish areas of the skin. Hair growing in an affected area may also turn white
vitiligo
The medical term for inflammation of the skin
dermatitis
A small bump that itches and often appears as a symptom of an allergic reaction
wheal
A form of dermatitis that is usually associated with severe itching, redness, blistering, and oozing
eczema
The medical term for profuse sweating
diaphoresis
A skin disorder characterized by red papules covered with silvery scales
Psoriasis
Basal Cell Carcinoma
BCC
Eczema
Ez
Psoriasis
Ps, PS
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
SLE
Activities of Daily Living
ADL
Before Meals
ac
Rehabilitation
Rehab
Subcutaneous
Sub-q, SQ
Forms the protective outer covering the external surfaces, waterproofs the body by blocking the entance of pathogens into the body
skin
A fibrous, water-repellent protein
keratin
Special cells found in the basal cell layer
Melanocytes
The pigment that determines the color of the skin
melanin
The outermost layer of the skin
epidermis
The thick layer of living tissue directly below the epidermis
dermis
Released in response to an injury, is an anticoagulant
heparin
Located just below the layers of the skin and connects the skin to the surface muscles
subcutaneous layer
Located in the dermis layer of the skin and are closely associated with hair follicles
sebaceous glands
Also known as sudoriferous glands, are tiny coiled glands found in almost all body surfaces
sweat glands
The appearance of multiple purple discolorations on the skin caused by bleeding underneath the skin
purpura
A very small, pinpoint hemorrhages that areless than 2 mm in diameter
petechiae
Usually caused by an injury, is a swelling of clotted blood trapped in the tissue
hematoma
The wearing away of a surface, such as the epidermis of the skin or the outer layer of a mucus membrane
erosion
Also known as macula, is a discolered flat spot that is less than 1 cm in diameter
macule
A solid, raised skin lesion that is larger than 0.5 cm in diameter
nodule
A small, raised red lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter and does not contain pus.
papule
Producing or containing pus
Purulent
A fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound.
exudate
An injury in which superficial layers of the skin are scraped or rubbed away.
abrasion
A groove or crack-like break in the skin.
fissure
An open ulcerated wound that is caused by prolonged pressure on an area ofthe skin.
pressure sore
A deep hole made by a sharp object such as a rusty nail or ice pick
puncture wound
A soft, raised, pink or red vascular birhmark
capillary hemangioma
Also known as hives
urticaria
An acute, rapidly spreading bacterial infection characterized by malaise, swelling, warmth, and red streaks.
cellulitis
A highly contagious bacterial skin infection that commonly occurs in children.
impetigo
Is a severe infection caused by Group A strep bacteria, flesh-eating bacteria.
Necrotizing fasciitis
Raised or thickened scar that expands, inherited, common among people with dark-pigmented skin.
keloid
Atypical moles that can develop into skin cancer.
dysplastic nevi
Malignant growth on the skin, which can have many causes, including repeated severe sunburns or long-term exposure to the sun.
skin cancer
Malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis.
basal cell carcinoma
An injury to body tissues caused by heat, flame, electricity, sun, chemicals, or radiation.
burn
Removal of living tissue for exammination to confirm or establish a diagnosis.
biopsy
Removal of entire tumor or lesion and margin of surrounding tissues.
excisional biopsy
Used to remove a core of the tissue for examination.
needle biopsy
The removal of dead epidermal cells, often through sanding or chemabrasion.
exfoliation
The destruction of tissue by burning.
cauterization