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PSY 323 Chapter 1
Terms in this set (27)
Attention, perception, memory, and decision making are all different types of mental processes known as
The branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of the mind is called __
The time between the presentation of a stimulus and a person's response to it.
The participant's behavior
The first experiments in cognitive psychology were based on the idea that mental responses can be inferred from __
Cognitive task and mental response
The relationship between the __ and the __ is NOT measured directly by cognitive psychologists
The first formal laboratory of psychology, where the approach of structuralism was created, was founded in which city?
The founder of the first laboratory of scientific psychology was __
Which method, often associated with structuralism, was used in the psychology laboratory established by Wilhelm Wundt?
The procedure in which trained participants describe their experiences and thought processes in response to stimuli presented under controlled conditions is known as __
It produces variable results from person to person
What is one criticism of analytic introspection?
John Watson believed that psychology should focus on the study of __
According to the behaviorists, only the study of __ should be the emphasis of the science of psychology
Behaviorists believe that the presentation of __ increases the frequency of behavior
Which psychologist is known for research on operant conditioning?
The investigation of how behavior is strengthened by presentation of positive reinforcers (e.g., food) or withdrawal of negative reinforcers (e.g., shock) is best known as __
A mental conception of the layout of a physical space is known as a __
Inborn biological program
Regarding children's language development, Noam Chomsky noted that children generate many sentences they have never heard before. From this, he concluded that language development is driven largely by an __
The scene of a human sitting at a computer terminal, responding to stimuli flashed on the computer screen, would most likely be described as depicting an __ experiment.
Colin Cherry's experiment in which participants listen to two messages simultaneously, one in each ear, did not find that __ process auditory information.
Sequence of stages
Donald Broadbent was the first person to develop a flow diagram depicting the mind as processing information in a __
__'s notion that the mind could be represented as operating in a sequence of stages, often represented by boxes, allows cognitive psychologists to develop models that can be tested by further experiments.
The field that studies how to make machines behave in ways that are intelligent if a human were so behaving is known as __
The "cognitive revolution" was a __ that occurred over a few decades.
Structural models and process models
__ and __ are the two primary categories of models in cognitive psychology
Process, sensory, short-term, long-term
An early __ model of memory indicates that incoming information is first handled by __ memory, is then moved to __ memory, and finally is pushed into __ memory. Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968
__ first used human reaction time to infer differences in cognitive processing. __ is the belief in emergence, particularly as it involves consciousness and the philosophy of mind. Helps improve psychology's understanding of memory.
Ebbinghaus, forgetting curve, spacing effect, learning curve
__ was a German psychologist who pioneered the experimental study of memory, and is known for his discovery of the __, __, and __. Helps improve psychology's understanding of memory.
This set is often in folders with...
PSY 323 Ch 2
PSY 323 CH 3-5
PSY 323 CH 6-7
Cognitive Psychology: Chapter 1
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