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Terms in this set (59)
Enlightenment : Reason :: Romanticism :
People wanted not only to be smart, but also
creative, loving, emotional, and to have individuality
It was a time of rapid expansion and growth in the United States that fueled (3)
intuition, imagination, and individualism in literature
In 1830, just 50 years after the Revolutionary War, America was still very young and had no
Its citizens were anxious to create their own identity that was
uniquely American and not so reliant on European values
What kind of a movement was it? (2)
Artistic and intellectual
The period produced fewer
stories, novels, and poetry
and wanted you to
experience science instead
imagination, individuality, nature, looking to the past for wisdom, seeing the common man as a hero
Industrial revolution was a great time of
and it caused the country to have what kind of an attitude?
Cities are getting
People want to
escape, both physically and mentally
What is escapism?
where the mind allows you to escape the harsh conditions by taking you to a place that is purely beautiful
Who was famous for using imagination?
Characters in romantic literature are often
journeying away from the city and into the countryside to a place that's not totally realistic, a place that has improbable and even supernatural qualities
To express deeply felt experiences is more valuable than to
elaborate universal principles
As people are moving onto the frontier, they are establishing
new areas in ways that best suit their needs
Individuals embraced freedom by
following intuition and going exploring
They celebrated the individual spirit, which means that
they spiritually connected with themselves and the world
Who did they believe was at the center of life?
Who did they believe was at the center of the individual?
Who else should also be considered an individual?
slaves, women, etc
As a result, you will see not only people creating an identity for themselves but also
a country creating an identity as people with different social pasts com together to create something new
People reflected on
nature and how it could bring people closer to God
Puritans thought nature was
the devil and represented evil
Romanticists took the Puritan spirituality realm, and applied it to
They were inspired by the Puritans'
religious fervor, passion, and dedication
Writers believed they could achieve
high levels of insight and information about the world around them just by going to nature
They connected nature with
life and God
What did they think about death?
It was inevitable, so just accept it
Who was the writer famous for putting religion into nature, and also accepted that death was inevitable
William Cullen Bryant
Did the Age of Reason want to look to the past?
However, during the Romantic era, people felt
nostalgia for the past
Writers are looking at the what kind of nature America has to offer
and are using that for
Who is famous for this? (2)
Washington Irving and Longfellow
How did Irving use this?
He used old legends and gave them new life in an American way
The era supported characters who are
whose innocence and strong morals give them good hearts
The Age of Reason hero was
sophisticated and educated
The Romantics turned away from this image. Their hero was
unique, bold, eccentric, sometimes not from a European background, often larger than life, loves nature, solid moral code, doesn't follow society's rules, truly quests for a high truth
Who is the classic American hero?
And he was created by
James Fenimore Cooper
who is the author of
the Last of the Mohicans
Bumppo was originally a character from
Leather Stocking Tales
What did Cooper do with him?
transformed him and recycled him into many different stories as different but very similar characters
One of these characters was
white but raised by Native Americans. He is skilled in war, but awkward with the ladies
What idea did Bumppo inspire?
one shot, one kill
What were the fireside poets?
a group of New England poets
What did they do?
sit by the fire and read their own poetry
Who are the greatest American poets ever? (4)
Longfellow, John Greenleaf Whittier, Oliver Wendell Holmes, James Russel Lowell
Who is the best?
Longfellow (won highest award for poetry)
Longfellow tried to
improve America by bringing back the pst
Whittier, Holmes, and Lowell used poetry to advocate for
abolitionism, women's rights, temperance, and improved factory conditions
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English Final Notes
Mr. Trammell - Literature (Semester 1)
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