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38 terms

Evolve Ch 8 Respiratory System

Florida Institute of Animal Arts access
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Nasal turbinates (serve to?)
warm, humidify, and filter inspired air
Pharynx (connects the)
nasal passages, mouth, larynx and esophagus (connects these areas?)
Larynx (or voice box provides passage for?)
airway to the trachea
Epiglotts
is a lid like structure at the entrance of the larynx to prevent food from entering the airway
Trachea (windpipe provides support with?)
tubular structure made up of chondral c shaped smooth muscular rings that provide support
Tracheal bifurcation
marks the end of the trachea and beginning of the bronchi
Bronchi
passages that direct air into the lungs (left and right bronchi enter the lungs and branch into smaller & smaller airways that lead to the alveoli)
passage of air (6)
Primary Bronchi - Secondary Bronchi - Teritiary Bronchi - Bronchioles - Alveolar ducts - Alveoli
lungs
organ where gas exchange occurs (left and right)
thorax
located between the neck and the diaphragm. (Visceral pleural; right, left and midiastinum)
diaphragm
is the chief muscle of respiration
arterial blood
bright red due to the oxygen bound to the hemoglobin (being carried to the tissues / away from the heart)
Venous blood
dark/bluish color due to the large amount of CO2 (being carried to the lungs / towards the heart)
Rhinopneumonitis
inflammation of the nose and lungs
Tracheobronchitis
inflammation of the trachea and bronchi
Pneumonia
condition of the lungs (alveolar membranes become thickened and inflamed, infectious)
Asthma
constriction of the airways
Emphysema
breakdown of elastic fibers in alveoli (preventing rebound of air. Results in lung dysfunction)
Pneumothorax
air in the chest cavity
Hemothorax
blood in the chest cavity
Pyothorax
pus in the chest cavity
Hypoxia
condition of below normal Oxygen levels
Hypercapnia
condition of above normal CO2 levels
Dyspnea
difficulty breathing
Apnea
absence of breathing
Cyanosis
condition of blue (cyanotic - not enough oxygen, too much CO2, mucous membrane turn blue)
Pleuritis
inflammation of the pleural cavity (area surrounding the lungs)
Intercostal
space between the ribs
Antitussive
pertaining to being against coughing (cough suppressant)
Nasopharynx
first portion of the pharynx (opening to the back of the nasal chamber & eustachian tubes)
Oropharynx
central portion of the pharynx (opening to the back of the MOUTH, between the roof of the mouth and upper edge of epiglottis)
Laryngopharynx
lower part of the pharynx (opening into the larynx and esophagus)
Upper Respiratory System
Nasal turbinates, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi
Lower Respiratory System
Lungs, Thorax, Diaphragm
Primary Bronchi, Secondary Bronchi, Teritiary Bronchi. Bronchioles, Alveolar ducts, Alveoli
passage of air (6)
Nasal turbinates, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi
Upper Respiratory System
Lungs, Thorax, Diaphragm
Lower Respiratory System
nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx (parts of the?)
Pharynx (nose, mouth, throat areas?)