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Florida Institute of Animal Arts access

Nasal turbinates (serve to?)

warm, humidify, and filter inspired air

Pharynx (connects the)

nasal passages, mouth, larynx and esophagus (connects these areas?)

Larynx (or voice box provides passage for?)

airway to the trachea


is a lid like structure at the entrance of the larynx to prevent food from entering the airway

Trachea (windpipe provides support with?)

tubular structure made up of chondral c shaped smooth muscular rings that provide support

Tracheal bifurcation

marks the end of the trachea and beginning of the bronchi


passages that direct air into the lungs (left and right bronchi enter the lungs and branch into smaller & smaller airways that lead to the alveoli)

passage of air (6)

Primary Bronchi - Secondary Bronchi - Teritiary Bronchi - Bronchioles - Alveolar ducts - Alveoli


organ where gas exchange occurs (left and right)


located between the neck and the diaphragm. (Visceral pleural; right, left and midiastinum)


is the chief muscle of respiration

arterial blood

bright red due to the oxygen bound to the hemoglobin (being carried to the tissues / away from the heart)

Venous blood

dark/bluish color due to the large amount of CO2 (being carried to the lungs / towards the heart)


inflammation of the nose and lungs


inflammation of the trachea and bronchi


condition of the lungs (alveolar membranes become thickened and inflamed, infectious)


constriction of the airways


breakdown of elastic fibers in alveoli (preventing rebound of air. Results in lung dysfunction)


air in the chest cavity


blood in the chest cavity


pus in the chest cavity


condition of below normal Oxygen levels


condition of above normal CO2 levels


difficulty breathing


absence of breathing


condition of blue (cyanotic - not enough oxygen, too much CO2, mucous membrane turn blue)


inflammation of the pleural cavity (area surrounding the lungs)


space between the ribs


pertaining to being against coughing (cough suppressant)


first portion of the pharynx (opening to the back of the nasal chamber & eustachian tubes)


central portion of the pharynx (opening to the back of the MOUTH, between the roof of the mouth and upper edge of epiglottis)


lower part of the pharynx (opening into the larynx and esophagus)

Upper Respiratory System

Nasal turbinates, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi

Lower Respiratory System

Lungs, Thorax, Diaphragm

Primary Bronchi, Secondary Bronchi, Teritiary Bronchi. Bronchioles, Alveolar ducts, Alveoli

passage of air (6)

Nasal turbinates, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi

Upper Respiratory System

Lungs, Thorax, Diaphragm

Lower Respiratory System

nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx (parts of the?)

Pharynx (nose, mouth, throat areas?)

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