Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 16 & 17
Terms in this set (83)
What conveys blood to the liver?
Hepatic Artery and Portal Vein
What is the primary function of the liver?
Formation of Bile
What are the functions of the spleen?
Produce Lymphocytes and removes or stores dead or dying RBC's
Properly exposed abdominal radiograph will exhibit which?
Lower border of the Liver
Transverse Process of the Lumbar Vertebra
Where is the center of the IR for an AP radiograph done in a upright position?
2in above the Iliac Crest
Which projection of the Abdomen is the x-ray beam placed in a horizontal position?
PA upright and Decub
One of the primary reason a left lateral decub abdominal radiograph is performed, is to demonstrate what?
A specific radiographic exam of the Biliary Ducts is?
What combining forms refers to the common Bile Duct?
What organs lie in the Pelvic Cavity?
Rectum, Urinary Bladder, Sigmoid and reproductive organs
During a ERCP, An endoscope is passed into the duodenum under Fluro control. "Spot" radiographs are usually taken in which of the following?
Pancreatic and Common Bile
The cavity posterior to the peritoneum?
The extended portion of the terminal esophagus is?
The muscle controlling the opening between the stomach and the duodenum?
For what body type is the stomach nearly vertical?
What is the length of an Adult Small Intestine?
Widest portion of the small bowel?
Main functions of the large intestine?
Reabsorb fluids and elimination of waste
Opening between small intestines and large intestines?
What are the contrast used for the gastrointestinal tract?
Air, Barium Sulfate, and Water Soluble
One of the most important technical factors considering gastrointestinal radiography is?
Elimination of motion
What is the degree of body rotation for PA oblique projection of the esophagus?
What is the advantage of using the recumbent position for radiographs of the esophagus?
Complete contrast filling and varicle filling
What are the essential projections for esophagus series?
What plane is centered to the grid for the lateral projection of the Esophagus?
Routine method used for examination of the stomach?
Single/ Double Contrast
What is the level of the IR for a PA projection of the stomach and duodenum?
Rib Margin, L1-L2
How much lower should the IR be positioned when the upright position is used for projections of the stomach?
How much of the body should be rotated for PA oblique projection of stomach and duodenum?
The degree of body rotation for the PA oblique projection of the stomach will depend on body habitus, the greatest degree of rotation would be for?
What will be demonstrate the duodenal bulb and loop?
PA oblique, RAO
Where is the IR centered for an AP/PA oblique stomach and duodenum?
What will best demonstrate the fundus?
AP oblique, LPO
What projection of the stomach demonstrates its anterior and posterior surfaces?
What methods are used for administering barium for a radiograph examination of the small intestine?
Mouth, Reflex Filling, and Enterocylis
What are the projections for the Small Intestine?
Where is the IR centered for radiographs of small intestine that are taken 30min within drinking barium?
At Iliac Crest l2
Where is the IR centered for delayed radiographs of the small intestines?
Level of Iliac crest
Methods of examining the colon Include?
High Density barium is used for?
Who inserts the retention ballon for Barium Enema?
Radiologist Under Fluro
What projection are taken during a Barium enema will demonstrate the rectosigmoid area?
Later, PA/AP Axial
What is the CR angulation for a PA Axial projection of the Large Intestine?
The PA oblique projection of the colon is done in LAO position clearly demonstrates?
Left Colic and Descending Colon
The degree of body rotation for AP Oblique projection of the Large Intestine?
What projection will demonstrate the descending colon?
Term for surgical procedure forming an artificial opening to the intestine for the passage of fecal material?
The large intestine is made up of series of pouches called?
The PA oblique projection of the stomach demonstrates?
Conture of stomach, and Duodena Bulb
What projection of the colon will best demonstrate the Medial Aspect of the Ascending colon the lateral aspect of the descending colon when inflated with air?
Right Lateral Decub
How long is the Alimentary Canal?
How long is the esophagus?
How long is the small intestine?
How long is the large intestine?
How long should a patient be left on their side for a decub abdomen?
How much does the stomach drop when performing a upright radiography?
What is the function of the liver?
What is the function of the gallbladder?
Concentrates, stores bile, evac during digestion
Functions of the pancreas- endocrine?
Produces pancreatic juice
Functions of the pancreas- endocrine?
Produces hormones, insulin, and glucagon
Function of the stomach?
Storage area for food till it can be digested further
Function of small bowel?
Digestion and absorption of food
Function of Colon/Large intestine?
re-Absorption of fluids and elimination of waste
How does a Hyperstenic effect the stomach?
Almost horizontal and High
How does Asthenic effect the stomach?
Vertical and Low
What projection should be used for a patient who cannot stand for an upright abdomen?
Left Lateral Decub
What pictures best demonstrates the fundus?
AP oblique, LPO
What pictures best demonstrates the duodenal loop?
PA Oblique, RAO
What pictures best demonstrates A&P surfaces?
What degree of rotation for oblique esophagus?
What degree of rotation for oblique Stomach PA RAO?
What degree of rotation for oblique stomach AP LAO?
What degree of rotation for Colon?
Projections for Esophogram?
AP/PA Oblique (RAO/LAO_
Projections for UGI?
PA/AP Oblique (RAO/LPO)
Projections Single/Double Contrast?
PA OBLIQUE (RAO/LAO)
AP OBLIQUE (RPO/LPO)
AP/PA DECUB (R/L)
CR for PA Axial Large Intestine?
CR for AP Axial Large Intestine?
CR for PA Stomach and Duodenum?
Side down or side up PA LARGE INTESTINE?
Side down or side up AP OBLIQUE LARGE INTESTINE?
Side up or side down AP OBLIQUE STOMACH & D?
Side up or side down PA OBLIQUE STOMACH & D?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Unit 4 Test- Merrills study questions
All of the Multiple choice word questions from Uni…
Merrills ch 4 workbook self test
Ch. 9 & 10 Procedures Test
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
RADT 157 Exam 3
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Procedures Final COOP
X-RAY Tube and Charts