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30 terms

Skin Structure & Growth

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arrector pili muscle
The muscle that causes goose bumps when a person is frightened or cold:
melanin
The tiny granules of coloring matter deposited in cells that provide skin with its color are:
dermis
The underlying or inner layer of the skin aslo called the derma corium, cutis, or true skin:
subcutaneous
The fatty layer found below the dermis is the:
50-70%
Water is the number one nutrient of the body and composes what percentage of the body's weight?
acne
Retinoic acid, or Retin-A, is a prescrition cream used to treat:
epidermal-dermal junction
The top of the papillary layer where it joins the epidermis is the:
dermatology
The medical branch of science that deals with the stufy of the skin, its functions, and diseses:
sebaceaous glands
Oil glands that are connected to hair follicles are also called:
stratum granulosum
The layer that consists of cells that look like distinct granules are are pushed to the surface to replace cells that shed is the:
secretion and absorption
The principal functions of the skin are protection, secsation, heat regulation, excretion, and:
sudoriferous and sebaceous glands
The two types if duct glands that extract materials from the blood to form new substances are:
skin
The largest organ of the human body is the:
corneum
The layer of the skin that we see and is treated by the practitioner is the:
dermis
The outermost layer of skin that forms the protective covering of the body is the:
papillary layer
The layer of the dermis that houses the nerve endings that provide the body with the sense of touch is found in the:
callus
Continued pressure on any part of the skin causes it to thicken and develop into a:
collagen
A fibrous protein that gives the skin form and strength is:
eyelids
The thinnest skin can be found on the:
melanin
The stratum germinativum is composed of serveral layers with special cells the produce a dark skin pigment called:
stratum lucidum
The clear, transparent layer just under the skin surface that consists of small cells through which light can pass is the:
elastin
The fibrous protein that gives skin its flexibility and helps skin regain its shape after being expanded is:
comedone
When sebum hardens and the sebaceous duct becomes clogged, the pore impaction that is formed is a:
papillary and reticular
The dermis layer is made up of two layers, which are the:
stratum germinativum
The layer of the skin that is composed of serveral layers of different shaped cells and is respnsible for the growth of the epidermis is the:
reticular layer
The deeper layer of the dermis that supplies the skin with oxyen and nutrients is the:
pheomelanin
The melanin produced by the body that is red to yellow in color is:
keratin
A fiber protein that is the principal component of hair, skin, and nails is:
stratum germinativum
The deepest layer of the epidermis, the basal cell layer, is also known as the:
cuticle layer
The epidermis layer of the skin is also known as the: