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Biochemistry Midterm #2
Terms in this set (18)
Contains a free aldehyde group
Does not contain a free aldehyde group
an atom with substituents arranged so that the molecule is not superimposable on its mirror image
Superimposable mirror image that can be converted into a chiral center in a single step or a replacement of one of two identical substituents by a different one
Different at only one chiral center
What does a kinase do?
To add phosphate groups from ATP
What does a dehydrogenase do?
To remove hydrogen atoms (oxidation)
What does an Isomerase do?
To convert to a different isomer
What does an epimerase do?
To invert stereochemistry
What does a phosphatase do?
To remove a phosphate group
What does a phosphorylase do?
To add a phosphate group from inorganic phosphate
What does a transaldolase do?
To transfer three carbons with a Schiff base
What does a transketolase do?
To transfer two carbons with help from a lysine side chain and TPP
What does a carboxylase do?
To add a carboxylic acid group
What does a decarboxylase do?
To remove a carboxylic acid group
Both a catabolic (degradation) and anabolic (intermediates used in other pathways) cycle
The transfer of electrons accompanied by outward pumping of protons that results in proton and electrochemical gradients that drive ATP synthesis
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