What computers use to store data. The digits 1 and 0 used in binary reflect the on and off states of a translator.
Made up of binary digits (bits).
Numeral system made up of 16 symbols (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,A,B,C,D,E,F)
Central Processing Unit. The brain of the computer.
Random Access Memory. Short term memory of the computer.
Long term memory of the computer.
Converts power from the mains AC into the low voltage DC power that your computer components need.
Creates the image on your screen.
Creates an output from your computer in the form of audio.
Joins all of the components of the computer together.
Optical CD Drive
Network Interface Card
What your computer uses to communicate with other computers through wired or wireless connections.
Modulates carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
Forwards data packets between computer networks. Works side by side with switches.
Serves as a controller, enabling networked devices to talk to each other efficiently. Works side by side with routers.
Packet (of data)
A packet is a small part of a larger file. Large files are broken down into packets so they can be sent across networks, like the internet.
Transmission Control Protocol
Verifies and arranges the packets when they are recieved.
Domain Net System
How much data you can move in a given amount of time.
The time it takes to complete a stage of a task.
Internet Service Provider
Sometimes called a spider, is an Internet bot that systematically browses the World Wide Web, typically for the purpose of Web indexing. It checks the content of the website and categories it and put it into the appropriate index
A database where information (after being collected, parsed and processed) is stored to allow for quick retrieval.
When a user submits a search request a query then searches the index for matching results.
Software that allows your computer to access websites on the internet.
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol - it is a language that one computer uses to ask another computer for documents.
Hyper Text Markup Language - it is a language that tells your computer how the website should look.
Uniform Resource Locator - it is the website address.
SSL and TSL
Secure Sockets Layer and Transport Layer Security. They are two features that websites use to keep data secure from hackers.
A number assigned to any item that is connected to the internet.
A group of computers and servers that are networked together.
A group of things that are connected to each other.
A wireless method of sending information using radio waves.