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Spatial Geography Exam Review

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The inner core of the earth is made of _____ and _____.
iron and nickel
The North Pole is ______.
90 degrees north
The Tropic of Cancer is _____.
23 1/2 north
The Equator is _____.
0 degrees
The Tropic of Capricorn is _____.
23 1/2 degrees south
The South Pole is _____.
90 degrees south
The earth rotates on its axis _____ miles per hour.
1,000
The earth revolves around the sun _____ miles per hour.
66,000
It takes _____ hours for the earth to make one rotation.
24
It takes _____ days for the earth to revolve around the sun.
365
_____ is another word for longitude.
meridian
Degrees are subdivided into _____.
minutes
Earth is divided into the Eastern and Western hemispheres by the prime meridian and the _____.
180 degree meridian
Lines of latitude measure the distance north and south of the _____.
equator
The moon orbits earth every _____.
29 1/2 days
When does the fall equinox occur in the Northern hemisphere?
september 21
Earth's atmosphere is composed of about 78 percent of what gas?
nitrogen
What causes the tides on earth?
the gravitational pull of the sun, earth, and moon
How many days are in a leap year?
366
On which day does the sun never set on the Arctic Circle?
june 21
On a _____, there are equal periods of daylight and darkness.
equinox
What happens when a hurricane moves inland?
it weakens
The deep valley marking a plate collision is called a _____.
trench
What are folds?
places where rocks have been compressed into bends
The belief in many gods is called _____.
polytheism
The language with the most speakers is _____.
mandarin chinese
The increase of connections between cultures around the world is called _____.
globalization
Islamic houses of worship are called _____.
mosques
The _____ is the number of people in a country who can read and write.
literacy rate
Name the continent that is also a country.
australia
Name the frozen continent.
antarctica
Longitude is measured from _____.
0 to 180 degrees
The Prime Meridian runs through _____.
Greenwich, England
The 180 degree meridian is also called _____.
international dateline
What geographic barrier kept the colonies along the eastern coast?
the appalachian mountains
The capital of the United States is _____.
washington d.c.
Where are the barrier islands located?
on the atlantic coast
Where are redwoods found?
northern california
Major deposits of gold and silver are located in which of the following states?
nevada
The first Europeans to settle in North America were from _____.
spain
Which of the following types of music did not originate in the U.S.?
classical
What is the current trend in population movement in the U.S.?
from the northeast to the south and west
The dairy belt is composed of which three states?
wisconsin, minnesota, michigan
What southern state has become headquarters for several large banks?
north carolina
What is Silicon Valley known for?
computer technology
In what region is smog a particularly serious problem?
southern california
What region of the U.S. is particularly at risk from hurricanes?
florida
The _____ River is the longest river in the U.S.
mississippi
The two major mountain ranges in the U.S are the _____ and the _____.
rockies and appalachians
Which of the following was not a major goal of the french in canada?
to stop british from settling
What are the grand banks?
a commercial fishing ground
Where is the majority of the Inuit population located?
nunavut
When did nunavut officially become a territory?
1999
The _____ is the waterway system coming from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes.
St. Lawrence River
Most of Canada was settled because of this industry.
fur trading
The capital of Canada is _____.
ottawa
The U.S. entered a war against Mexico after _____.
the alamo
The _____ Indians first inhabited Mexico.
aztec
The most ancient Indians located in southern Mexico and Central America were the _____.
incas
_____ was a great liberator in South America.
simon bolivar
The long mountain chain in South America is called the _____.
andes
_____ is the island south of florida.
cuba
Hispanola is made up of two countries.
haiti and the dominican republic
Why did the indigenous population of Central America decline with the arrival of Europeans?
european diseases killed a large portion of the population
The U.S. took what two islands from Spain in 1898?
puerto rico and cuba
Where did voodoo originate?
haiti
Which country has the largest Portuguese-speaking population?
brazil
What three countries are on the Iberian Peninsula?
portugal, spain, andorra
Greece is located on the _____ peninsula.
balkan
French explorers.
northern latitudes
English explorers.
middle latitudes
Spanish explorers.
southern latitudes
Which of the following countries is not a major fishing country?
hungary
Which country has sizable deposits of uranium?
france
Which country is not part of Great Britain?
ireland
France is the world's leading producer of which commodity?
wine
The region known as lapland stretches across which three Scandinavian countries?
norway, sweden, finland
When were East and West Germany reunited?
1991
The Germans placed which group of people into ghettos in Poland during WWII?
jews
Africa lies just 8 km away from Spain across the _____.
strait of gibraltar
Portugal still retains control of which islands in the Atlantic Ocean?
madeira and azores
The Baltic States include _____.
estonia, lativa, lithuania.
The capital of Russia is _____.
moscow
Kazakstan is the home of _____.
space city
Former Russian political prisoners were sent to _____.
siberia
A CIS country and U.S. State have the same name, it is _____.
georgia
The word "Stan" used in some countries name means _____.
land
Which Czar built a city that was to become "a window to the west"?
peter the great
The last Czar, Nicholas II, had a daughter that supposedly survived. Her name was _____.
anastasia
The new republics, of the former Soviet Union, are referred to as CIS. CIS means _____.
commonwealth
The former USSR was _____ form of government.
communist
Diamond mines are located in this African country.
south africa
_____ became South Africa's first black president.
nelson mandela
_____ is the predominant language in South Africa.
english
Oil is a big export in this African country.
angola
_____ is the number one language spoken in Angola.
portuguese
_____ was started by former freed American Slaves.
liberia
U.S. marines lost their lives when their Black Hawk helicopter went down in _____.
somalia
The pyramids are located in _____.
egypt
From the halls of Montezuma, to the shores of Tripoli. Country _____.
libya
The religion of the people of Israel is _____.
jewish
The lowest point in the world is the _____.
dead sea
The Sea south of Turkey is the _____.
mediterranean sea
The religion of Indonesia is _____.
islam
In 1975, Cambodia was taken over by the _____.
khmr rouge
The world's largest Islamic population can be found in _____.
indonesia
The newest country in the world was established in _____.
2002
Buddhism and Hinduism are eastern _____.
religions
What is jute?
a plant fiber used to make burlap and rope
Very high waves that wash ashore called _____.
storm surges
Earthquakes near Japan often cause ______.
tsunamis
What is the dominant religion practiced in Japan?
a mixture of shintoism and confucianism
Which country is home to the khmer?
cambodia
What country invaded Cambodia in 1979, ending rule by the Khmer Rouge?
vietnam
Which country has been called the Tiger of the Pacific?
malaysia
The newest country in the world is _____.
east timor
Melanesia.
black islands
Micronesia.
small islands
Polynesia.
many islands
Cannibels were found on the island of _____.
new zealand
The kind of bear found in Australia is the _____.
koala bear
There are _____ states in Australia.
7
New Zealand is comprised of _____ islands.
2
Which country has more than 700 different languages?
papua new quinea
In Antarctica has up to _____ percent of the world's water.
70
_____ of the world's sovereign states claim territory in Antarctica.
7
Antarctica is to be used for _____.
peaceful scientific purpose
A description of the earth.
geography
One half.
hemisphere
A way of life.
culture
Interdependent
relying on others
Pattern that helps you find places.
grid system
U.N.
all 183 nations of the world
The commonwealth
british trade association
CIS
association of former soviet countries
EU
euro dollar
OPEC
controls oil prices
Archipelago
a collection of islands
Isthmus
a narrow strip of land
Peninsula
a body of land surrounded by water on three sides
Island
a body of water surrounded by water
Lake
a body of water surrounded by land
Florida mean _____.
land of flowers
The capital of Florida is _____.
Tallahassee
South Fork High School is named for the south fork of the _____.
st.lucie river