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148 terms

Health voc. ch 1-12

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health
combination of physical, menta/emotional, and social well-being
self-assesment
careful examination and judgment of your own patterns of behavior
wellness
a state of well-being, or balanced health
heredity
the passing on of traits from biological parents to children
environment
all the living and nonliving things that surround you
culture
beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people
media
the various methods for communicating information
evaluate
determine the quality of, everything you see and hear
risk behaviors
actions or choices that may cause injury or harm to you or to others
consequences
the results of actions
cumulative risks
related risks that increase in effect with each added risk
subjective
comes from a person's own views and beliefs, not necessarily from facts
objective
information based on facts
prevention
taking steps to make sure that something does not happen
abstinence
refusing to participate in unsafe behaviors or activities
stress
your body's response to changes around you
stress management
identifying sources of stress and learning how to handle them in ways that promote good mental and emotional health
interpersonal communication
the sharing of thoughts and feelings with two or more people
refusal skills
ways to say no effectively
conflict
disagreement between people with opposite view points
conflict resolution
finding a soultion to a disagreement or preventing it from becoming a larger conflict
decision making
the process of making a choice or solving a problem
values
the beliefs that guide the way of a person lives, such as belefs about what is right and wrong and what is most important
criteria
standards on which to base your decisions
long term goal
goal that you plan to reach over an extended length of time
short term goal
a goal that you can reach in a short length of time
character
the way in which you think, feel and act
advocacy
taking action in support of a cause
role model
a person who inspires you to act or think in a certain way
physical activities
any kind of movement that causes your body to use energy
fitness
ability to handle the physical work and play of everyday life without becoming tired
exercise
physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive and that improves or maintains personal fitness
strength
the ability of your muscles to exert a force
endurance
the ability to perform vigorous physical activity without getting overly tired
heart and lung endurance
the measure of how effectly your heart and lungs work during moderate-to-vigorous physical activity or exercise
muscle endurance
the ability of a muscle to repeatedly excert a force over a prolonged period of time
aerobic exercise
rhythmic, nonstop, moderate-to-vigorous activity that requires large amounts of oxygen and works the heart
anaerobic exercise
intense physical activity that requires little oxygen but invloves short bursts of energy
flexibility
the ability to move joints fully and easily
skeletal system
the framework of bones and other tissues that supports the body
muscular system
tissues that move parts of the body and operate internal organs
joints
places where two or more bones meet
cartilage
allows joints to move easily, cushions bones, and supports soft tissues, such as those in the nose and ear
ligaments
hold bones in place at the joints
tendons
join muscle to muscle or muscle to bone
circulatory system
the group of organs and tissues that transport essential materials to body cells and remove their waste products
arteries
the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all parts of the body
veins
the blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart from all parts of the body
capillaries
provide body cells with blood and connect arteries with veins
pulmonary circulation
carries the blood from the heart, through the lungs, and back to the heart
systemic circulation
sends oxygen-rich blood to all the body tissues except the lungs
plasma
a yellowish fluid, the watery portion of the blood
blood pressure
the force of blood pushing against the walls of the blood vessels
body composition
the proportions of fat, bones, muscle, and fluid that makes up body weight
warm up
gentle exercise you do to prepare your muscles for a moderate to vigeroud work out
cool down
gentle exersice that lets your body adjust to ending a workout
target heart rate
number of heartbeats peer min. you should aim for during activity to benefit your circulatory system
individual sports
physical activities you can do by yourself
team sports
organized physical activities with specific rules, played by opposing groups of people
dehydration
excessive loss of water from the body
conditioning
training to get in shape
overtraining
exercising too hard or too often
anabolic steroids
synthetic compounds that cause muscle tissure to develop at an abnormally high rate
nutrients
substances in foods that your body needs in order to grow, have energy, and stsy stronger
carbohydrates
the starches and sugars that provide energy
proteins
nutrients used to repair body cells and tissues
fats
nutrients that supply energy, keep the skin healthy, and promote normal growth
saturated fats
are solid at room temperature
unsaturated fats
are liquid at room temperature
vitamins
substances that help to regulate the body's functions
minerals
nutrients that strengthen bones and teeth, keep blood healthy, and keep heart and other organs working properly
fiber
the part od grains, fruits, and vegetables that the body cannt break down
nutrition
the process of taking in food and using it for energy, growth, and good health
food guide pyramid
guide for making healthful daily food choices
calorie
a unit of heat that measures the energy available in foods
nutrient dense
high amount of nutrients relative to the number of calories
digestion
process by which the body breaks down food into smaller components that can be absorbed by the bloodstream and sent to each cell in the body
digestive system
group of organs that work together to break down foods into substances that your cells can use
saliva
digestive juice produced by the salivary glands in your mouth
excretion
the process by which the body gets rid of waste materials
excretory system
system that removes waste from your body and controls water balance
colon
storage tube for solid wastes
BMI
a way to assess your body size, taking your height and weight into acount
eating disorders
extreme eating behaviors can lead to serious illness or death
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder in which a person does not want to gain weight and starves themselves
binge eating disorder
an eating disorder in which a person repeatedly eats large amounts of food at one time
bulimia nervosa
when a person repeatedly eats large amounts of food and then throws up
adolescence
the stage in life between childhood and adulthood usuall begining around the ages 11and 15
hormones
chemical substances that help to regulate the way your body functions
endocrine system
consists of glands throughout the body that regulate body functions
puberty
the time when you develop certain physical characteristics of adults of your own gender
reproduction
the process by which living organisms produce others of their own kind
reproductive system
body organs that make it possible to produce young
sperm
the male reproductive cells
testes
the pair of glands that produce sperm
semen
mixture of sperm and fluids
fertilization
the joining of the sperm cell and egg cell to forma new human life
ovulation
the process by which the ovaries release a single mature egg
menstruation
the flow of he uterine lining material from the body
ovaries
the two female reproductive glands
gynecologist
a doctor who specializes in the female reproductive system
cell
is the basic unit of life
embryo
organism from fertilization to about the eighth week of development
fetus
the developing organism from the end of the eighth week until birth
chromosomes
threadlike structures that carry the codes for inherited traits
genes
the basic units of heredity
infancy
the first year of life
toddler
a child between the ages of one and three
preschooler
a chld between the ages three and five
nicotine
an addictive drug found in tobacco
carbon monoxide
a colorless, oderless, poisonous gas produced when tobacco burns
respiratory system
the set of organs that supplly your body with oxygen and rid your body of carbon dioxide
addiction
phychological or physical need for a drug or other substance
withdrawl
the unpleasant symptoms that someone experience when he or she stops using an addictive drug
psysical dependence
an addiction in which the body develops a chemical need for a drug
psychological dependence
an addiction in which a person believes they need a drug to feel better
tolerance
bodys need for larger dossses of a drung to produce the same effect
second hand smoke
air has bee contaminated by tobacco smoke
mainstream smoke
smoke that a smoker inhales and then exhales
sidestream smoke
smoke that comes from the burning end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar
passive smokers
nonsmokers who breathe secondhand smoke
drug
substance other than food thatchanges the structure or function of the body or mind
medicine
a drug that prevents or cures illness or eases its symptoms
precription medicine
a medicine that can be used safely with a doctors note
over the counter medicines
medicines you can buy without a doctors note
side effects
reactions to medicines other than the one intended
alcohol
a drug created by a chemical reaction in some foods
intoxicated
being drunk
alcoholism
an illness characterized by a physical and psycological need for alcohol
illegal drugs
substances that are against the law for people of any age to buy, sell, or make
drug abuse
use of a drug for a nonmedical reason
stimulants
drugs that speed up the body's functions
amphetamines
are strong stimulant drugs that speed up the nervous system
depressants
are drugs that slow down the body's functions
neurons
the cells that make up the nervous system
central nervous system
consists of the brain and the spinal cord
periphal nervous system
made up of nerves that connect the central nervous system to all parts of the body
brain
command center, or the coordinator, of the nervos system
spinal cord
a long bundle of neurons that relays messages to and from the brain and all parts of the body
assertive
willing to stand up for yourself in a firm but positive way
sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
are infections that are spread from person to person through sexual contact
chlamydia
a bacterial STI that may affect the reproductive organs, urethra, and anus
genital warts
are growths or bumps in the genital area cause by certain tpes of the human papillomavirus
gonorrhea
bacterial STI that affects the mucous membranes of the body
syphilis
a bacterial STI that can affect many parts of the body
hepatitis
a liver desease that can be spread through sexual contact-only STI that has a vaccine
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
the virus that causes AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
a deadly disease that interferes with the body's ability to fight infection