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Ch. 11 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (21)
A characteristic of adolescents thinking in which adolescents show preoccupation with themselves and have difficulty separating others' perspectives from their own.
A brain structure that is part of the limbic system and plays a role in emotion, especially fear and anger.
Gilligan's feminine mode of moral reasoning, characterized by a desire to maintain relationships and a responsibility to avoid hurting others.
delayed phase preference
Change in hormone levels cause adolescents' preferred sleep patterns to shift such that they tend to remain awake late at night, and are groggy early in the morning.
A model of the brain consisting of two systems, one emotional and the other rational, that develop on different timeframes, accounting for typical adolescent behavior.
formal operational reasoning
Piaget's fourth stage of cognitive development, characterized by abstract, logical, and systematic thinking.
A sex gland; ovary in females and testis in males.
Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Gondal axis (HPG)
The collective effects of the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and gonads as behave in cooperation in regulating the hormones that drive puberty.
The ability to consider propositions, probabilities, generate and systematically test hypotheses, and draw conclusions.
A manifestation of adolescent egocentrism in which assume that they are the focus of others' attention.
A male mode of moral reasoning proposed by Gilligan that emphasizes the abstract principles of fairness and individualism
A collection of brain structures responsible for emotion.
A girl's first menstrual period.
A manifestation of adolescent egocentrism in which adolescents believe their thoughts, feelings, and experiences are more special and unique than anyone else's, as well as the sense that they are invulnerable
postconventional moral reasoning
Kohlberg's third level of moral reasoning emphasizing autonomous decision-making based on principles such as valuing human dignity.
primary sex characteristic
The reproductive organs; in females, this includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina and in males, this includes the penis, testes, scrotum, seminal vesicles, and prostate gland.
The biological transition to adulthood, in which a hormones causes the body to physically mature and permit sexual reproduction.
secondary sex characteristic
Physical traits that indicates sexual maturity but are not directly related to fertility, such as breast development and the growth of body hair.
The change from one generation to the next in an aspect of development, such as body size or in the timing of puberty.
A boy's first ejaculation of sperm.
The primary male sex hormone responsible for development and regulation of the male reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics.
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