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cardiovascular system

STUDY
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T/F: THERE ARE TWO PULMONARY VEINS THAT RETURN OXYGENATED BLOOD TO THE LEFT ATRIUM OF THE HEART FROM THE LUNGS
FALSE
T/F: THE PULMONARY SEMILUNAR VALVE IS FOUND IN THE OPENING WHERE THE PULMONARY TRUNK EXITS THE LEFT VENTRICLE
FALSE
T/F: THE AORTIC SEMILUNAR VALVE IS FOUND IN THE OPENING WHERE THE ASCENDING AORTA LEAVES THE LEFT VENTRICLE
TRUE
T/F: THE SINOATRIAL NODE INITIATES EACH CARDIAC CYCLE AND SETS THE PACE FOR THE HEART RATE
TRUE
T/F: THE ACTUAL CONTRACTION OF THE VENTRICLES IS STIMULATED BY THE PURKINJE'S FIBERS
TRUE
T/F: IN A NORMAL HEARTBEAT, THE RIGHT ATRIUM CONTRACTS, FOLLOWED BY THE RIGHT VENTRICLE, THEN THE LEFT ATRIUM, AND FINALLY THE LEFT VENTRICLE
FALSE
T/F: THE AVERAGE HEART BEATS APPROXIMATELY 90 TIMES PER MINUTE
FALSE
T/F: ARTERIES ARE THICKER AND STRONGER THAN VEINS WITH TWO MAJOR PROPERTIES: ELASTICITY AND CONTRACTILITY
TRUE
T/F: THE RIGHT AND LEFT CORONARY ARTERIES DELIVER OXYGENATED BLOOD TO THE LUNGS
FALSE
A DISEASE THAT RESULTS FROM UNTREATED STREPTOCOCCAL INFECTIONS, OCCURRING MORE IN CHILDREN THAN ADULTS, IS KNOWN AS:
A. RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE
B. ATHEROSCLEROSIS
C. ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS
D. MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE
A
THE SA NODE, WHICH INITIATES EACH CARDIAC CYCLE AND SETS THE PACE FOR THE HEART RATE, IS ALSO KNOWN AS THE:
A. BUNDLE OF HIS
B. PURKINJE'S FIBERS
C. ATRIOVENTRICULAR SHUNT
D. PACEMAKER
D
ONE COMPLETE HEARTBEAT IS KNOWN AS:
A. SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
B. CONTRACTION
C. CARDIAC CYCLE
D. PORTAL CIRCULATION
C
THE CIRCULATION OF BLOOD TO ALL ORGANS OF ALL THE SYSTEMS OF THE BODY IS KNOWN AS:
A. SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
B. CONTRACTION
C. CARDIAC CYCLE
D. PORTAL CIRCULATION
A
OXYGENATED BLOOD LOSES CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE LUNGS AND PICKS UP OXYGEN AND RETURNS TO THE LEFT ATRIUM OF THE HEART VIA THE FOUR PULMONARY VEINS IN A CIRCULATION ROUTE CALLED:
A. SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
B. PORTAL CIRCULATION
C. PULMONARY CIRCULATION
D. CORONARY CIRCULATION
C
THE VALVES THAT PREVENT BLOOD FORM FLOWING BACK INTO THE VENTRICLES FROM THE ASCENDING AORTA AND THE PULMONARY ARTERY ARE THE:
A. SEMILUNAR VALVES
B. AURICLES
C. TRABECULAE CARNEAE
D. TRICUSPID AND MITRAL VALVES
A
ONE CELL-LAYER THICK, MICROSCOPIC VESSELS THAT CONNECT ARTERIOLES WITH VENULES ARE KNOWN AS:
A. ARTERIES
B. CAPILLARIES
C. PURKINJE FIBERS
D. VEINS
B
THE ARTERIES THAT TRANSPORT DEOXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE RIGHT VENTRICLE OF THE HEART TO THE LUNGS TO RELEASE CARBON DIOXIDE AND PICK UP OXYGEN ARE THE:
A. PULMONARY ARTERIES
B. RENAL ARTERIES
C. CORONARY ARTERIES
D. SUBCLAVIAN ARTERIES
A
THE VALVE BETWEEN THE RIGHT ATRIUM AND THE RIGHT VENTRICLE CONSISTS OF THREE FLAPS OR CUSPS AND IS KNOWN AS THE:
A. PULMONARY SEMILUNAR VALVE
B. TRICUSPID VALVE
C. MITRAL VALVE
D. BICUSPID VALVE
B
THE ACTUAL CONTRACTION OF THE VENTRICLES IS STIMULATED BY THE:
A. SINOATRIAL NODE
B. MITRAL VALVE
C. PURKINJE'S FIBERS
D. BUNDLE OF HIS
C
THE SYSTEM WITHIN THE HEART THAT GENERATES AND DISTRIBUTES ELECTRICAL IMPULSES OVER THE HEART TO STIMULATE CARDIAC MUSCLE FIBERS OR CELLS TO CONTRACT IS KNOWN AS THE:
A. CONDUCTION SYSTEM
B. BUNDLE OF HIS
C. AUTOMATIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
D. SHOCK SYSTEM
A
WHEN THE HEART DOES NOT DEVELOP PROPERLY AND HEART DISEASE IS PRESENT AT BIRTH, THE CONDITION IS CALLED:
A. ANGINA PECTORIS
B. CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE
C. HEART FAILURE
D. RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE
B
ANOTHER NAME FOR A HEART ATTACK IS:
A. PULMONARY EMBOLISM
B. CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS
C. ARTERIOSCLEROSIS
D. MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
D
A PAINFUL INFLAMMATION OF THE PERICARDIUM CAUSED BY VIRAL OR BACTERIAL INFECTION IS KNOWN AS:
A. PERICARDITIS
B. CARDIOMYOPATHY
C. ENDOCARDITIS
D. RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE
A
A DISEASE OF THE ARTERIES IN WHICH CHOLESTEROL-CONTAINING MASSES CALLED PLAQUE ACCUMULATE ON THE INSIDE OF THE ARTERIAL WALLS IS KNOWN AS:
A. VENOSCLEROSIS
B. ATHEROSCLEROSIS
C. ARTERIOMYOPATHY
D. ARTERITIS
B
A CONDITION CAUSED BY PROGRESSIVE WEAKENING OF THE MYOCARDIUM AND FAILURE OF THE HEART TO PUMP ADEQUATE AMOUNTS OF BLOOD IS KNOWN AS:
A. PERICARDITIS
B. HEART FAILURE
C. MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
D. RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE
B
VEINS DRAINING THE LOWER PARTS OF THE BODY MERGE INTO A LARGER VEIN WHICH THEN TRANSPORTS THE BLOOD TO THE RIGHT ATRIUM OF THE HEART; THIS LARGER VEIN IS THE:
A. INFERIOR VENA CAVA
B. SUPERIOR VENA CAVA
C. SAPHENOUS VEIN
D. RENAL VEIN
A
THE SMALLEST ARTERIES THAT DELIVER BLOOD TO THE CAPILLARIES ARE CALLED:
A. VENULES
B. SHUNTS
C. ARTERIOLES
D. DESCENDING ARTERIES
C
VEINS DRAINING THE HEAD AND ARMS MERGE INTO A LARGER VEIN WHICH THEN TRANSPORTS THE BLOOD THE RIGHT ATRIUM OF THE HEART, THIS LARGER VEIN IS THE:
A. INFERIOR VENA CAVA
B. SUPERIOR VENA CAVA
C. SAPHENOUS VEIN
D. RENAL VEIN
B
ARTERIES HAVE WALLS MADE OF THREE COATS OR TUNICS SURROUNDING A HOLLOW CORE KNOWN AS A:
A. LUMEN
B. BEVEL
C. MARROW
D. CENTRIOLE
A
THE ARTERIES THAT BRANCH OFF THE ASCENDING AORTA TO SUPPLY THE HEART WITH OXYGENATED BLOOD ARE THE:
A. SAPHENOUS ARTERIES
B. RENAL ARTERIES
C. CORONARY ARTERIES
D. SUBCLAVIAN ARTERIES
C
THE VALVE BETWEEN THE LEFT ATRIUM AND THE LEFT VENTRICLE IS THE:
A. PULMONARY SEMILUNAR VALVE
B. TRICUSPID VALVE
C. MITRAL VALVE
D. AORTIC SEMILUNAR VALVE
C
THE MITRAL VALVE IS ALSO KNOWN AS THE:
A. BICUSPID VALVE
B. TRICUSPID VALVE
C. SEMILUNAR VALVE
D. CHORDAE TENDINAE
A
A TEMPORARY CIRCULATION ROUTE THAT EXISTS ONLY BETWEEN A DEVELOPING BABY AND ITS MOTHER IS CALLED:
A. HEPATIC CIRCULATION
B. FETAL CIRCULATION
C. GESTATIONAL CIRCULATION
D. MATERNAL CIRCULATION
B
REDUCED BLOOD FLOW TO THE HEART MUSCLE CAUSES A SENSATION OF PAIN IN THE CHEST, LEFT ARM, AND SHOULDER, WHICH IS KNOWN AS:
A. ANGINA PECTORIS
B. HEART FAILURE
C. SEPTAL DEFECT
D. CARDIOMYOPATHY
A
ANOTHER NAME FOR HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE IS:
A. HYPOTENSION
B. ISCHEMIA
C. HYPERTENISON
D. ANGINA PECTORIS
C
CYANOSIS:
A. BLUISH COLORATION OF THE SKIN
B. YELLOW COLORATION OF THE SKIN
C. ASSOCIATED WITH A HEMANGIOMA
D. A FORM OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS
E. ASSOCIATED WITH INCREASED OXYGEN IN THE BLOOD
A
ISCHEMIA:
A. CAN LEAD TO MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
B. BLOOD IS HELD BACK FROM AN AREA
C. CAN BE CAUSED BY THROMBOTIC OCCLUSION OF A BLOOD VESSEL
D. MAY BE A RESULT OF CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
E. ALL OF THE ABOVE
E
THE __________ IS A LOOSE-FITTING SEROUS MEMBRANE THAT SURROUNDS THE HEART:
PERICARDIUM
THE _________ IS THE OUTERMOST LAYER OF THE WALL OF THE HEART:
EPICARDIUM
THE MUSCULAR LAYER OF THE HEART, THE CARDIAC MUSCLE TISSUE, IS KNOWN AS THE ____________
MYOCARDIUM
THE __________ IS THE INNERMOST LAYER OF THE WALL OF THE HEART
ENDOCARDIUM
THE ___________ VALVE SEPARATES THE LEFT ATRIUM FROM THE LEFT VENTRICLE
MITRAL
THE ___________VALVE SEPARATES THE RIGHT ATRIUM FROM THE RIGHT VENTRICLE
TRICUSPID
THE CONTRACTION PHASE OF THE HEARTBEAT IS CALLED _________
SYSTOLE
THE MITRAL VALVE IS ALSO KNOWN AS THE _____________ VALVE
BISCUSPID
____________ CIRCULATION IS THE CIRCULATION OF OXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE LEFT VENTRICLE OF THE HEART TO ALL BODY TISSUES AND ORGANS
SYSTEMIC
__________ CIRCULATION IS THE CIRCULATION OF DEOXGENATED BLOOD FROM THE RIGHT VENTRICLE OF THE HEART TO THE LUNGS AND BACK TO THE LEFT ATRIUM OF THE HEART
PULMONARY
MICROSOPIC BLOOD VESSELS MADE UP OF SIMPLE SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS THAT CONNECT ARTERIOLES WITH VENULES ARE KNOWN AS _______________
CAPILLARIES
THE SMALL BLOOD VESSELS THAT CONNECT CAPILLARIES TO VEINS ARE CALLED ___________
VENULES
THE SMALLER ARTERIES THAT DELIVER BLOOD TO CAPILLARIES ARE CALLED ___________
ARTERIOLE
THE TWO UPPER CHAMBERS OF THE HEART ARE THE RIGHT AND LEFT _____________
ATRIA
THE TWO LOWER CHAMBERS OF THE HEART ARE THE RIGHT AND LEFT ____________
VENTRICLE
THE __________ ARE THE VESSELS THAT BRANCH OFF THE ASCENDING AORTA AND SUPPLY THE WALLS OF THE HEART WITH OXYGENATED BLOOD
CORONARY ARTERIES
MATCHING: PERICARDIAL SAC
PARIETAL PERICARDIUM
MATCHING: ATRIA
UPPER CHAMBERS OF THE HEART
MATCHING: DIASTOLE
RELAXATION PHASE
MATCHING: BICUSPID VALVE
MITRAL VALVE
MATCHING: EPICARDIUM
VISCERAL PERICARDIUM
MATCHING: SINOATRIAL NODE
PACEMAKER
MATCHING: TRICUSPID
RIGHT ATRIOVENTRICULAR VALVE
MATCHING: MYOCARDIUM
HEART MUSCLE
MATCHING: ENDOCARDIUM
INNERMOST LAYER OF THE HEART
MATCHING: SYSTOLE
CONTRACTION PHASE OF THE HEARTBEAT
MATCHING: SMALLEST BLOOD VESSEL
CAPILLARIES
MATCHING: LARGEST ARTERY IN THE BODY
AORTA
MATCHING: LOWER CHAMBER OF THE HEART
VENTRICLE
MATCHING: VALVE BETWEEN THE RIGHT ATRIUM AND VENTRICLE
TRICUSPID VALVE
MATCHING: CARRIES BLOOD FROM THE LUNGS TO HEART
PULMONARY VEINS
MATCHING: BRINGS BLOOD TO HEART FROM UPPER PARTS OF THE BODY
SUPERIOR VENA CAVA
MATCHING: UPPER CHAMBER OF THE HEART
ATRIUM
MATCHING: VALVE BETWEEN THE LEFT ATRIUM AND VENTRICLE
MITRAL V ALVE
MATCHING: CARRIES BLOOD TO THE LUNGS FROM THE HEART
PULMONARY ARTERY
MATCHING: SMALL ARTERY
ARTERIOLE