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Moore- Final Exam
Terms in this set (74)
What is SIOP
Sheltered instruction observation protocol- a way to facilitate oral language development.
Why might teachers use SIOP
Designed for teachers who have english language learners in their classroom.
How can social interaction and communication be developed in the classroom?
• Teachers should be able to determine each child's language development and plan constructive activities and experiences in the classroom to meet their needs
• Teachers should establish classroom routines and rituals that send a strong message to students about the appropriate and expected language use in the classroom
How do you develop social interaction in the classroom and school?
the teacher sets the tone for the classroom. the the more teachers understand the development of chidlren's language during the elemntary years, the more we can be constructive in planning activities and experiences in the classroom. most importantly, teachers set the tone and expectations for how the students will be required to use language.
principal speaking to students
greeting the students
send notes home
this activity is a good way to help students use their oral language to discuss questions posed by the teacher. Provides the added step of having two partnerships joining together after the first discussion to share ideas among the two sets or four students. think and listen.
helps them be respectful of other opinion.
What is the key to a good group discussion?
some thoughtful reflection
before talking or sharing ideas. having a written visual note helps them hold on to their thoughts and be able to contribute when their turn arrives. they can also keep a reading journal or graphic organizers.
frame their thinking
How do you teach students to ask questions for discussion?
KWL chart. this helps them to develop willingness to ask real questions. they should shlow down, ask good questions themselves, and encourage students to frame questions themselves.
How can you help students gain confidence in SPEAKING?
through poetry, choral reading, reader's theater, and drama
How can teachers foster student's ability to use language to SHARE/COMMUNICATE information?
through using activities such as ReQuest, Question the Author, and Sharing Amazing Fact Sheets
Purpose of reading in the middle grades
to learn new info, personal enjoyment, become more analytical and critical thinkers
textbooks, trade books, magazines, how to, science books. they will learn the wealth of information. s.
despite the priority on informational materials, they indicate that primary teachers have not shifted to teaching to higher expectations of variety of texts
priority- must be doing some type of research and inquiry. answer their own questions.
Know the strategic reading strategies
reading leads to comprehension:
activating prior knowledge
asking and answering questions
attending to the text structure (in stories and informational texts)-- great test question
monitoring the developing meaning
engaging "fix-up" strategies if needed.
Reading is transactional- between reader and the text that requires monitoring and continued reading. (when you feel like youve almost lived through what the author said)
Know the common comprehension strategies for middle grades
make connections to: text to self, text to text, and text to world
headings, text box, index, diagrams, headings, boldface print, caption, table of contents, and title.
acts as a guide/ roadmap for the reader
Know about Visual literacy
they need to see and understand images to convey meaning. it can be a photograph, digraphs, videoclip, online resource and they need to connect different information. the relationship between viewing and reading is visual literacy. have to interpret and make connections.
helps make connections.
Describe the purpose, procedure, and expected outcomes of the KWL procedure
an easy way to begin a new unit of instruction when the class has a moderate amount of knowledge. teachers introduce the topic in an intereting way, and then ask the students what they already know about the topic. the teacher will act as scribe to brainstorm ideas they know about. teacher asks what they want to know. areas that are a little different. the last part is the students add info they gain during the lesson..
Why is spelling important for reading and writing?
helps students recognize words and recall words they had learned. spelling knowledge helps children make the connection between sounds and letters in written words. children need to understand the role of spelling that supports their writing effort. they share the same language as their readers reinforces the link between reading and writing. look over every letter to decode word.
What do we know about English spelling?
we have three regularly occurring features: sound, structure, and meaning
Why do teachers need to know about Standard English to teach spelling?
teachers must understand letter/sound relationships and patterns in our language
helpful for reinforcing spelling patterns. clues or synonyms can be included to help students build the ladder. the key to building the ladder is to look for patterns that vary only one letter as students go up or down the ladder.
What spelling approach calls for analyzing students' spelling errors and instructing using stage-appropriate activities?
instructional activity designed to help children build awareness of the patterns among words. noticing similarities and differences between words, children can apply this knowledge to the new. they are known words and patterns with unknown words.
What are the two purposes of spelling assessments?
determining spelling stage and instructional approaches
What is another word for manuscript writing?
during school years children add about ____________ words a year to their reading vocabs. this means it is all the reading that increases a child's vocab
on average, students will learn about ____ of every ___ new words they encounter while reading
one of every twenty
general utility words
what is academic vocabulary
content, concepts, and new labels/words for important ideas found in social studies, science, and matematics. therefore, academic vocab is vocab specific to a particular context or content area.
what they can read and take in
picture walk is a reading ___ process
picture walk is used to
introduce new vocabulary to students
when speaking to students, teachers should use language ______ the ZOPD to encourage vocabulary development
teachers should highlight _____ words
tier 2 words
where are tier two words found
in written text and found quite frequently or general utilities words
the vocab that a student can say and use
vocab should always be taught in ____ situations
content or authentic situations
_____ increases in the intermediate grades
since vocab increases in intermediate grades, ________increase
academic content and procedural lanugage increases as well
predict, analyze, list, choose, compare. words that students have to know to do the task
pre-assessment of vocab:
rate your knowledge chart, connect 3, prediciting ABCs, prethinking a story, vocab-o-gram, and story impression
means the teacher directly teaches how words are formed and how to look for word parts to help them pronounce and understand new words.
primary (K-3) explicit instructions for vocab include
looking for compound words, words with suffixes, and endings on verbs.
in intermediate grades, students look more specifically for _____,___, ____
prefixes, suffixes, and identifying root words
Strategies to deepen understanding of new terms
visualize and draw words
watching for words
using context effectively
role of dictionary
They help with pronunciation, parts of speech, unfamiliar terms, and word orgins.
a thesaurus is more helpful than a ____ for learning new words
old way of dictionary
most teachers use the dictionary as their major tool for new vocab new learning vocab learning. however, research clearly indicates that thi is not the best way to engage in learning new words. the old lesson of writing a list of words.
8 essentials for SIOP
careful lesson prep that includes obectievs for content and lang development
builidng background for the lesson- activating what students know and providing essential foundations when needed
providing comprehensible input by slowing down speech and using visual, body, and artifactual enhancements
using teaching routeines that builds students learning strategies so they become more independent as learners
provide multiple oppoutunities for students to use lang orally and in written form as for learning
oppourtunites to rehearse and practice content and language objectives and integrate their learning
carefully prepared and delivered lessons that build from what students now and can do
providing time for review and assessment as an ongoing part of developing, teaching, and adjusting instruction to improve students' learning and insure the achievement of the objectives
- as use of technology broadens in childs lives, puts a reliance on readers. they must read multiple sources, connect ideas, and evaluate materials that are appropriate to their need and levels of reading. what point of view is being expressed. what point of view is expressed. when was information written. what evidence is presented to support the ideas? What do other authorities say?
Students need to read about society to be helpful in society. Informational text is what they read in 4th grade. But in lower grades they are reading narrative texts. helps find texts that interest the reader.
high stakes assessment-
These assessments reflect the fact that for students to be successful as readers throughout schooling and life they need to, read for a variety of purposes, read a variety of materials. read fiction for pleasure. ability to read informational text. school success across the curriculum is the ability to read informational texts and be able to compose responses to texts. They have to meet the goal.
story elements are used for
T or F text features should be taught implicitly
T or F text features act as a road map
what is the goal of reading
do you see visual literacy in dictionaries or poetry stories
what strategies helps ELs learn english
a good thematic statement
does not just state something, it explains why.
T or F is there a great deal of consistency and patterns in english system
is the english lanugage confusing and chaotic?
is there a 1 to 1 correspondance with sounds and letters
stages of writing
principal speaking to students
greeting the students
send notes home
are examples of?
teachers developing social interaction in classroom and school.
Amazing fact sheets
students fill out info they gain from their reading. They are placed in a bin and periodically the teacher calls the group together and asks the students to share what they have learned using their fact sheets.
Pre-assessment of vocabulary includes
includes Rate Your Knowledge chart, Connect 3, Predicting ABC's, Prethinking A Story, Vocab-O-Gram, and Story Impression
students have more oppoututnity to explore the terms in depth and to draw on their associations in more extensive units. gives them a topic and then they come up with words a-z connected to the topic.
prethinking a story
before students begin a new story, there are also ways to engage them with important vocab. if they have fun thinking about the terms and being creative about how they may be related. they will notice the words when they encourter during reading
vocab o gram
make a list of words that are associated with elements of a story: character, setting, plot/conflict, resolution.
a little more challenging. teacher creates a list of words and phrases that are essential in the story and lists them in order which they occur. the students are asked to create their own story impression from the list. they write this as a short synopsis and then share what they have created.
dentifies spelling stage students are in, group them by ability, and practice in groups
Occurs over time
Reflects children's knowledge of words
Occurs in stages
Early phonetic spelling
Spells with beginning and end sounds
Using vowel patterns
Use all the rules to make structure
what grades do you see picture walks?
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