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140 terms

Ch. 8-15 English vocab

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assurance
a pledge; freedom from doubt, self-confidence
asylum
an institution for the care of children, elderly people, etc. ; a place for safety
console
to comfort; the keyboard of an organ; a control panel for an electrical of mechanical device
dilate
to make or become larger of wider; to expand upon
dross
refuse, waste products
dwindle
to lessen, diminish
flippant
lacking in seriousness; disrespectful, saucy
immunity
resistance to disease; freedom from some chaange of obligation
institure
to establish, set up; an organization for the promotion of learning
liability
a deby; something disadvantageous
preposterous
ridiculous, senseless
pugnacious
quarrelsome, fond of fighting
rabid
furious, violently intense, unreasonably extreme; mad; infected with rabies
realm
a kingdom; a region or field of study
rejuvenate
to make young again; to make like new
remunerate
to reward, pay, reimburse
sparse
meager, scant; scattered
stearling
genuine, excellent; made of silver of standard fineness
venture
a risky or daring undertaking; to expose to danger; to dare
warp
to twist out of shape; an abnormality
auxillary
giving assistance or support; a helper, aid
candid
frank, sincere; impartial; unposed
cubicle
a small room or compartment
drudgery
work that is hard and tiresome
envoy
a representative of messenger
escalate
to elevate; to increase in intensity
expedient
a means to an end; advantageous, usefull
feign
to pretend
flair
a natural wuality, talent, or skill; a distinctive style
grievous
causing sorrow or pain; serious
heterogeneous
composed of different kinds, diverse
horde
a vast number; a throng
impel
to force, drive forward
incedulous
disbelieving, skeptical
inscribe
to write or engrave; to enter a name on a list
monologue
a speech by one actor; a long talk by one person
prognosis
a forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disease or situation
rasping
with a harsh, gating sound; a harsh sound
repugnant
offensive, disagreeable, distasteful
scuttle
to sink a ship by cutting hole in it; to get rid of something in a decisive way; to run hastily, scurry; a pail
adept
thoroughly skilled; an expert
aspire
to have ambitious hopes or plans, strive toward a higher goal, desire earnestly; to ascend
bleak
bare, dreary, dismal
chide
to blame; scold
despicable
worthy of scorn, contemptible
diminutive
small, smaller than most others of the same type
emancipate
to free from slavery; to release or liberate
erroneous
incorrect, containing mistakes
exploit
to make use of, develop; to make improper use of for personal profit; a feat, dead
extemporaneous
made of delivered on the spur of the moment
impair
to make imperfect, damage, harm
invincible
not able to be defeated, unbeatable
languid
drooping; without energy, sluggish
mire
mud; wet, swampy ground; a tough situation; to get stuck
obtrusive
forward; undesirably prominent; thrust out
preamble
an introduction to a speech of a piece of writing
render
to cause to be come; to perform; to deliver officially; to process, extract
rugged
rough, irregular; severe, stern; strong; stormy
skeptical
inclined to doubt; slow to accept something as true
skipshod
untidy in dress, personal habits, etc. ; careless, sloppy
brevity
shortness
comport
to conduct or bear oneself, behave; to be in agreement
concise
expressing much in a few words
demure
sober or serious in manner, modest
depreciation
a lessening in value; a belittling
deteriorate
to lower in quality or value; to wear away
divulge
to tell, reveal; to make public
enlightened
free from ignorance and false ideas; possessing sound understanding
forestall
to prevent by acting first
garble
to distort in suck a way as to make unintelligible
proponent
one who puts forward a proposal; one who supports a cause of belief
quaver
to shake, tremble; to trill
recoil
to spring back, shrink; the act of springing back
recoup
to make up for; regain
reek
an unpleasant smell; to give off unpleasant smells; to give a strong impression
squander
to spend foolishly, waste
staccato
detached or disconnected in sound or style
relentless
unyielding, harsh, without pity
rivulet
a small stream
stature
a law
appreciable
sufficient to be noticed or measured
autocratic
absolute in power of authority
blanch
to remove the color from; to make or turn pale; to parboil
blasphemy
an act, utterance, or writing showing contempt for something sacred
brawny
strong, muscular
concerted
planned or performed in cooperation with others
contend
to fight, struggle; to compete; to argue
humane
kind, merciful
illustrious
very famous, distinguished
intolerable
unbearable
irreverent
disrespectful
laborious
not easy, requiring hard work; hardworking
lithe
bending easily, limber
maltreat
to abuse, use roughly or crudely
ponder
to consider carefully, reflect on
subversive
intended to undermine or overthrow; one who advocates or attempts to undermine a political system
synthetic
made or put together by people; something artificial
temperate
mild, moderate
venomous
poisonous; spiteful, mean
wily
sly, shrewd, cunning
ad infinitum
endlessly
apportion
to divide and give out in shares
bona fide
genuine; sincere
buoyant
able to float easliy; able to hold things up; cheerful, hopeful
clique
a small, exclusive group of people
concede
to admit as true; to yield, submit
congenial
getting on well with others; agreeable, pleasant
lofty
very hight; noble
migration
a movement from one county or region to another
perceivve
to be aware of through the senses, observe; to grasp mentally
perverse
inclined to go against what is expected; stubborn; turned away from what id good and proper
prelude
an introduction; that which comes before or leads off
rancid
stale, spoiled
rustic
counrty-like; simple, plain; awkward; one who lives for the country
sever
to separate, divide into parts
sordid
wretchedly poor; run-down; mean or selfish
untentable
not capable of being held or defeated; impossible to maintain
versatile
able to do things well; capable of many uses
vindicate
to clear from hint or change of wrongdoing; to defend successfully against opposition; to justify
wane
to lose size, strength, or power
annex
to add to, attach; to incorporate; an attachment or addition
cleave
to cut or spit open; to cling to
cordial
in a friendly manner, hearty; cheery; a liqueur
cornerstone
the starting point of a building; a fundamental principle or element
debacle
an overwhelming defeat, rout; a complete collapse or failure
devitalize
to make weak or lifeless
embroil
to involve in a conflict or difficulty; to throw into confusion
exonerate
to clear from a charge or accusation
glib
ready and fluent in speech; thoughtless, insincere
haphazard
by chance, not planned; lacking order
improvise
to compose of perform without preparation; to construct from available materials
incite
to rouse, stir up, urge on
influx
a coming in, inflow
pallor
a extreme or unnatural paleness
pedigree
a list of ancestors, family tree; the history or origins of something
precipitous
very steep
profuse
very abundant; given or flowing freely
reconcile
to restore to friendship; to settle; to resign
shackle
to put into chains; a chain, fetter
threadbare
shabby, old and worn