a convention in art in which every aspect of the body or object is represented from its most characteristic viewpoint.
an early form of writing with wedge-shaped marks impressed into wet clay with a stylus; emerged from the Sumerians
In Mesopotamia, a tall stepped tower of earthen materials, often supporting a shrine or temple; associated with the sky god; elevated up toward the sky/heavens
an image created as a devotional offering to a god or other deity; placed in shrines or temples
a stone slab placed vertically and decorated with inscriptions or reliefs; used as a grave marker or memorial
the use of different sizes for significant or holy figures and those of the everyday world to indicate importance. The larger the figure, the greater the importance
supernatural guardian-protector of ancient Near Eastern palaces and throne rooms, often represented sculpturally as a combination of lion or bull, wings of an eagle, and the horned headdress of a god, and usually possessing five legs
canon of proportions
a set of ideal mathematical ratios in art based on measurements of the human body.
a flat-topped, one-story structure with slanted walls over an ancient Egyptian underground tomb.
a large interior room characterized by many closely spaced columns that support its roof.
the topmost zone of a wall with windows in a basilica extending above the aisle roofs. Provides direct light into the central interior space.
when the image is carved below the original surface of the background, which is not cut away.
a painting technique in which waterbased pigments are applied to the surface of wet plaster. The color is absorbed by the plaster, becoming a permanent part of the wall.