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25 terms

ARH3056 Exam 1

STUDY
PLAY
sculpture in the round
you can see all sides of sculpture
twisted perspective
a convention in art in which every aspect of the body or object is represented from its most characteristic viewpoint.
cuneiform
an early form of writing with wedge-shaped marks impressed into wet clay with a stylus; emerged from the Sumerians
ziggurat
In Mesopotamia, a tall stepped tower of earthen materials, often supporting a shrine or temple; associated with the sky god; elevated up toward the sky/heavens
register
a device used in systems of spatial definition; ex: horizontal stripes no Uruk vase
votive figure
an image created as a devotional offering to a god or other deity; placed in shrines or temples
iconography
the study of the significance and interpretation of the subject matter of art
stele
a stone slab placed vertically and decorated with inscriptions or reliefs; used as a grave marker or memorial
hieratic scale
the use of different sizes for significant or holy figures and those of the everyday world to indicate importance. The larger the figure, the greater the importance
lamassu
supernatural guardian-protector of ancient Near Eastern palaces and throne rooms, often represented sculpturally as a combination of lion or bull, wings of an eagle, and the horned headdress of a god, and usually possessing five legs
citadel
a fortress or defended city, is possible in a high, commanding location
canon of proportions
a set of ideal mathematical ratios in art based on measurements of the human body.
hieroglyphics
a form of writing using pictures
mastaba
a flat-topped, one-story structure with slanted walls over an ancient Egyptian underground tomb.
ka
the soul
peristyle court
an open colonnaded courtyard, often having a pool and a garden.
hypostyle hall
a large interior room characterized by many closely spaced columns that support its roof.
clerestory
the topmost zone of a wall with windows in a basilica extending above the aisle roofs. Provides direct light into the central interior space.
capitals
the sculpted block that tops a column. Include different decorative elements
sunken relief
when the image is carved below the original surface of the background, which is not cut away.
book of the dead
guide to afterlife in Egyptian culture
fresco
a painting technique in which waterbased pigments are applied to the surface of wet plaster. The color is absorbed by the plaster, becoming a permanent part of the wall.
tholos
a small, round building. Sometimes built underground, as in a Mycenaean tomb.
corbel vault
a vault made by projecting courses of stone
course
a horizontal layer of stone used in building.