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sculpture in the round

you can see all sides of sculpture

twisted perspective

a convention in art in which every aspect of the body or object is represented from its most characteristic viewpoint.


an early form of writing with wedge-shaped marks impressed into wet clay with a stylus; emerged from the Sumerians


In Mesopotamia, a tall stepped tower of earthen materials, often supporting a shrine or temple; associated with the sky god; elevated up toward the sky/heavens


a device used in systems of spatial definition; ex: horizontal stripes no Uruk vase

votive figure

an image created as a devotional offering to a god or other deity; placed in shrines or temples


the study of the significance and interpretation of the subject matter of art


a stone slab placed vertically and decorated with inscriptions or reliefs; used as a grave marker or memorial

hieratic scale

the use of different sizes for significant or holy figures and those of the everyday world to indicate importance. The larger the figure, the greater the importance


supernatural guardian-protector of ancient Near Eastern palaces and throne rooms, often represented sculpturally as a combination of lion or bull, wings of an eagle, and the horned headdress of a god, and usually possessing five legs


a fortress or defended city, is possible in a high, commanding location

canon of proportions

a set of ideal mathematical ratios in art based on measurements of the human body.


a form of writing using pictures


a flat-topped, one-story structure with slanted walls over an ancient Egyptian underground tomb.


the soul

peristyle court

an open colonnaded courtyard, often having a pool and a garden.

hypostyle hall

a large interior room characterized by many closely spaced columns that support its roof.


the topmost zone of a wall with windows in a basilica extending above the aisle roofs. Provides direct light into the central interior space.


the sculpted block that tops a column. Include different decorative elements

sunken relief

when the image is carved below the original surface of the background, which is not cut away.

book of the dead

guide to afterlife in Egyptian culture


a painting technique in which waterbased pigments are applied to the surface of wet plaster. The color is absorbed by the plaster, becoming a permanent part of the wall.


a small, round building. Sometimes built underground, as in a Mycenaean tomb.

corbel vault

a vault made by projecting courses of stone


a horizontal layer of stone used in building.

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