INTELLIGENCE & INTELLIGENCE TESTING

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Intelligence
The ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.
Howard Gardner
Author of a contemporary theory of multiple intelligences consisting of eight separate kinds of intelligence.
Verbal Linguistic Intelligence
Intelligence that involves reading comprehension and writing
Logical-Mathematical Intelligence
Intelligence that involves logic, abstractions, reasoning, numbers and critical thinking
Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence
Intelligence that involves control of one's bodily motions and the capacity to handle objects skillfully
Visual-Spatial Intelligence
Intelligence that involves spatial judgment and the ability to visualize with the mind's eye
Musical-Rhythmic Intelligence
Intelligence that involves sensitivity to sounds, rhythms, tones, and music
Interpersonal Intelligence
Intelligence that involves sensitivity to others' moods, feelings, temperaments, motivations, and their ability to cooperate in order to work as part of a group
Intrapersonal Intelligence
Intelligence that involves introspective and self-reflective capacities
Naturalistic Intelligence
Intelligence that involves understanding of nature
Alfred Benet
Developer of the first test to classify children's abilities using the concept of mental age.
Mental Age
The chronological age that corresponds to the difficulty of the questions a child can answer.
Chronological Age
The actual age of a person
Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
The number that results from dividing mental age by chronological age and multiplying by 100.
David Wechsler
Developer of the most widely used individual intelligence tests in the United States, which were the first tests to report scores for both verbal and nonverbal scores.
Achievement Tests
Tests that attempt to measure what the test-taker has accomplished.
Aptitude Tests
Tests that attempt to predict the test-taker's future performance.
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