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Terms in this set (23)
Culture dictates when we are ______ and what and how ________ _______ _________ _________.
2) much we should eat
_________ is a basic nutritional deprivation and is a physiological concept.
_________ is a cultural concept that may vary greatly from one culture to the next.
All _________ classify food.
Food's symbolic roles (4)
expression of social ties
expression of group solidarity
Food and stress
Food symbolism in language
How do people perceive food?
Diet and its global variations
Food and agricultural waste
Subsistence Strategy is......
the way through which a society gets its food
Hunting and Gathering can also be known as ....
Horticulturalism can also go by other names such as...
Slash and Burn (a technique/machete) (burn to ash which is high in fertilizer)
Horticulturalism related subsistence activities:
Tree Cropping (fruits and nuts)
What is Pastoralism?
Agriculture can also go by...
Industrial Food Productions other name is...
Commercial Food Production
Hunting and Gathering how many years ago?
2.6 million years ago until present. They're almost all gone today.
Hunting and Gathering was found everywhere except...
rainforests, true deserts, and high mountains (up to 14,000 feet)
Hunting and Gathering includes...
fishing, trapping, and scavenging
Hunting and gathering exploits...
the widest variety of an environment's plant and animal species (ex.: 75 plants in Australia's desert just for their seeds)
parts of hunting and gathering
-Great seasonal variation in diet
-Locally available resources
-Little-to-no effort to control resources; nature does most of the work
-Attempts to acquire a surplus result in environmental degradation (plus, why bother?)
-Minimal food storage capability (cooking, smoking, drying)
-Nomadic: people must move frequently to get to where the food is, but...
-Those groups that rely on fishing are often sedentary
-All but infants actively forage
-Lots of free time
Why is hunting and gathering very efficient(requires lowest caloric expenditure by humans) but also very unproductive
Spend more time hunting, losing weight, could lead to death
Sizes and miles of gathering
Small group size, ~10-100 (because no species is particularly abundant)
Supports lowest population density, ~1-2 per square mile (because food resources aren't concentrated) Milwaukee County: area = 241 sq. miles; population = 956,406; density = 3926/sq. mile
equal access to wealth (land and food resources), power, and prestige—all of which were achieved
Agriculture was created....
10,800 years ago, Fertile Crescent, Southwest Asia
They were called...
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