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Terms in this set (123)
Which of the following describes the primary function of the respiratory system?
To take oxygen into the body whole removing carbon dioxide
Which of the following is the first step of the scientific method?
The process of organisms with an advantageous trait surviving more often and producing more offspring than organisms without the advantageous trait describes which of the following basic mechanisms of evolution
Which of the following is the group of basophils that produces follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH)?
Which of the following are considered the basic units of the female reproductive system, each containing a single immature egg cell that is released during ovulation?
Which of the following describes the muscular organ that processes food material into increasingly smaller pieces, mixes it with saliva to create a bolts, and creates a barrier to transport food into the esophagus?
Which of the following chambers of the heart receives blood returning from the lungs during pulmonary circulation?
Which of the following is the lobe in the cerebral cortex primarily responsible for processing and integrating sensory information received from the rest of the body?
Which of the following is an example of adaptive, or specific, immunity?
Which of the following describes a situation in which research results are consistent with every subsequent experiment does not measure what it claims to measure?
Reliable, but not valid
Which of the following Mendellian laws describes how pairs of alleles within genes separate and recombine separately from other genes?
Law of independent assortment
Which of the following describes how atomic radius varies across the periodic table?
Atomic radius increases from top to bottom and right to left on the periodic table
Which of the following is NOT a tissue layer found in skeletal bone?
Which of the following sets of valves is primarily responsible for preventing blood flow from major blood vessels to the heart?
Bone is composed primarily of which of the following inorganic materials?
Which of the following is the primary physical barrier the body uses to prevent infection?
Which of the following is the connective area where nerve impulses send neurotransmitters across a synapse to a muscle cell to stimulate muscle contraction?
Which of the following is the region of the brain that controls and regulates autonomic functions such as respiration, digestion, and heart rate?
Which of the following describes the primary function of the pyloric sphincter?
To regulate the movement of digested food material from the stomach to the duodenum
Which of the following is the location of fertilization in the female?
The pineal gland is located in which of the following areas in the body?
At the center of the brain hemispheres
Which of the following processes aids scientists in observing a population sample in order to answer questions about the whole population?
Which of the following biological macromolecules is non-soluble, composed of hydrocarbons, and acts as an important source of energy storage for the body?
Which of the following is specialized tissue in the right atrium that acts as the heart's natural pacemaker by generating the electrical signal for the heartbeat?
Which of the following is a dense, interconnected mass of nerve cells located outside of the central nervous system?
Which of the following is the primary cell found in the tract of the small intestine?
Surface absorptive cells
Which of the following describes the general function of cytokines in the immune system?
The communicate between cells to instigate an immune response
Which of the following describes the path through which air moves during inhalation?
Mouth/nose > pharynx > larynx > trachea > bronchi > bronchioles > alveoli
Which of the following is not a function of progesterone in the female reproductive system?
Expression of secondary sexual characteristics, such as enlarged breasts
Which of the following layers of skin acts as an energy reserve by storing adipocytes and releasing them into circulation when energy is needed?
Neurotransmitters send chemical messages across the gap between one neuron and another in which of the following structures?
Hund's rule states which of the following?
Electrons fill orbitals singly and with similar spin before pairing
Which of the following is the primary function of the large intestine?
Absorbing water and compacting material into solids waste
Which of the following is a type of white blood cell that plays a key role in adaptive immunity by seeking out, attacking, and destroying targeted pathogens?
Which of the following are the blood vessels that transport blood to the heart?
Which of the following cell organelles are the site of lipid synthesis?
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Which of the following describes a series of measurements that produces exact results on a consistent basis?
Chromatids divide into identical chromosomes and migrate to opposite ends of the cell in which of the following phases of mitosis?
A series of muscle contractions that transports food down the digestive tract in a wave-like fashion describes which of the following?
Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?
Insulin production and blood sugar regulation
2C6H14 + 19O2 > 12CO2 + 14H2O
The reaction above is an example of which of the following?
Which of the following are regions of the digestive system in which amylase is produced?
Pancreas and salivary glands
Which of the following describes a cell's reaction to being placed in a hypertonic solution?
The cell will shrink as water is pulled out of the cell to equalize the contractions inside and outside of the cell
Which of the following are the two major zones of the respiratory system?
Conducting and respiratory
Which of the following is not one of the major tissue layers of the alimentary canal?
Which of the following distinguishes the isotopes of an element?
Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons
Which of the following is the cartilaginous flap that protects the larynx from water or food while still allowing the flow of air?
Which of the following describes the function of the fascia in muscle tissue?
To enclose, protect, support, and separate muscle tissue
Which of the following correctly describes a strong acid?
A strong acid completely ionizes in water
The process by which blood circulated oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues is an example of which of the following?
Which of the following is the material that is secreted into hair follicles to waterproof and lubricate the skin?
Which of the following are the connective tissue that attach bone to bone and help strengthen joints?
Which of the following is NOT a nucleobase of DNA?
Which of the following materials is the primary structural protein of the epidermis, nail, and skin?
Which of the following correctly describes atomic number?
The atomic number is the number of protons in an atom
Which of the following is a descriptive, generalized body of scientific observations?
Which of the following types of cells are the main transporters of oxygen through the body?
Red blood cells
Which of the following is the general term for a chemical substance that the body produced and transports through the blood to stimulate a cellular response?
Which of the following is NOT a function of hair?
Protecting soft tissue from injury
Which of the following is NOT one of the functions of proteins found in the phospholipid bilayer of a cell membrane?
To break down material that enters through the cell membrane
Which of the following is the muscular action that moves a part of the body away from its median plane?
Which of the following does NOT distinguish quantitative data collection from qualitative data collection methods?
Qualitative methods do not need to be as valid or reliable as quantities methods
Which of the following is an example of a birthmark caused by an increased volume of capillaries close to be surface of the skin
Which of the following correctly describes the valence shell of an atom?
The valence shell is the outermost occupied electron orbital energy level
Which of the following describes how skeletal muscles and bones work together to stimulate movement?
Muscles contract and exert force on the bone, which acts as a lever to stimulate movement
Which of the following describes the correct order of stages of the cell cycle?
Interphase > mitosis > cytokinesis
Which of the following occurs due to a hypersensitivity in the immune system that causes a major inflammatory response to a common material?
Which of the following is one of the primary muscles that drives ventilation?
White blood cells develop from stem cells located in which of the following organs?
Which of the following describes a gene in which one allele takes a different form from another?
Which of the following molecules have London dispersion forces?
All atoms and molecules have London dispersion forces
Which of the following are the two proteins found in muscle tissue that cause muscle contractions as they slide past one another?
Actin and myosin
Which of the following is NOT a hormone producing gland of the endocrine system!
Which of the following is the process in which pathogens are "eaten," or absorbed and digested, by white blood cells as part of an immune response?
Which of the following describes the relationship between correlation and causation?
Correlation does not imply causation
The exchange of gases and blood happens in which of the following parts of the respiratory zone?
Which of the following gland provides nourishment for sperm, as well as the majority of the fluid that combines with sperm to form semen?
Which of the following is the largest branch of the abdominal aorta, which supplies oxygenated blood to the upper digestive tract?
Which of the following is NOT a phase of spermatogenesis, or the final stage of sperm formation?
Blood is metabolized in the liver as it passes through which of the following types of blood vessels?
Which of the following is a heterogeneous mixture?
A mixture in which the atoms or molecules are distributed unevenly
Hormones can be classified into one of four basic groups based on their chemical source. Which of the following groups is derived from cholesterol?
Which of the following is a definition of adaptation, in the context of evolution?
A biological feature or behavior in a population of organisms that improves its chances for survival in the environment
Which of the following is the element of blood that comprises most of its total volume?
Which of the following is NOT true for enzyme-catalyze reactions?
The reaction will speed up without limit as the temperature increases
Which of the following is the molecule found in red blood cells that binds to up to four oxygen molecules?
Which of the following is NOT a reason why randomization is critical in experimental design, especially in experiments with human subjects?
To give humans no choice but to participate
Which of the following system primarily responsible regulating all involuntary and subconscious muscle functions?
Autonomic nervous system
Which of the following is an appendage of a neuron that sends electrical signals away from the neuron cell?
Which of the following is the definition of action potential in a neuron?
An electrical impulse that is transported down a neuron in response to a stimulus
Which of the following are the three major portions of the brain?
Cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem
Which of the following describes how a catalyst speeds up a reaction!
A catalyst lowers the activation energy by providing an alternate route for the reaction
Which of the following is the final vessel through which semen must pass before being expelled from the body?
Which of the following groups of bones are part of the axial skeleton?
Which of the following types of variables is changed in a scientific experiment?
The vertebral column consists of thirty-three vertebrae and is divided into several groups. Which of the following describes the lumbar vertebrae?
Five vertebrae located in the lower back, which support most of the body's weight
Which type of hypothesis assumes no relationship between two variables?
Which of the following describes the applicability of a research conclusion to situations outside the experiment?
Which of the following is NOT one of the three types of muscles found in the human body?
Which of the following is the structure of the male reproductive system that stores spermatozoa during the maturation process?
Which of the following types of hormones stimulates a chemical response to a target cell by diffusing through the cell membrane to bind to the receptors inside the cell?
Which of the following is an example of human error in an experiment?
Contaminating a sterile sample by breathing on it
What vitamin is absorbed in the large intestine?
Following digestion, chime passes through the pyloric sphincter into what?
What are the three main secretions of the stomach?
-Pepsinogen (chief cells)
-Mucus (Goblet cells)
-Hydrochloric acid (parietal cells)
What vitamin is synthesized within the human body?
Trypsinogen, an enzyme secreted by the pancreas, is activated into trypsin in the duodenum by which enzyme?
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which is responsible for maturation of follicles in ovary, is produced by which glad in the body?
Anterior lobe of pituitary gland
In a chemical reaction: sulphuric acid + substance X = salt + water + carbon dioxide. What could substance X be?
Trypsinogen, an enzyme secreted by the pancreas, is activated into trypsin in the duodenum by which enzyme?
enterokinase (an enzyme secreted by the lining of the duodenum. It converts the inactive trypsinogen into the active trypsin)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which is responsible for maturation of follicles in the ovary, is produced by which gland in the body?
Anterior lobe of pituitary gland
In a chemical reaction: sulphuric acid + substance X = salt + water + carbon dioxide. What could be substance X be?
A body is moving in a circle with constant speed. Which of these statements about the body is true?
There is force acting toward the center of the circle
Which of the following correctly lists the cellular hierarchy from the simplest to the most complex structure?
cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
If a cell is placed in a hypertonic solution, what will happen to the cell?
It will shrink.
What is the longest phase of the cell cycle?
What are groups of cells that perform the same function called?
When does the nuclear division of somatic cells take place during cellular reproduction?
Which group of major parts and organs make up the immune system?
lymphatic system, spleen, tonsils, thymus, and bone marrow
The rate of a chemical reaction depends on all of the following except
amount of mass lost
Which of these make up a molecule of fat?
Three molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of glycerol
Enzymes are ______ that work best at ______ pH temperature.
Biological catalysts, optimum
Which of these statements regarding the process of fermentation is true?
It is an example of an anaerobic process where yeast acts on a sugar solution to produce carbon dioxide and alcohol.
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